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Nasima M. H. Carrim


There is a dearth of research on how women managers engage in hybrid identity work during their career transitions, and the aim of this study was to fill this gap. Interviews were conducted with 13 Indian women managers in senior and top managerial positions, and the data obtained were analysed using thematic analysis. The narratives indicate that previously disadvantaged groups (Indian women in this case) are caught between subscribing to cultural values and concurrently conforming to organisational norms. Participants’ answers to the question: “Who am I as an Indian female manager?” reveal that during their career ascendency these women engage in a tremendous amount of hybrid identity work and rework related to their self-concept of being an “ideal” Indian female and simultaneously being a “perfect” manager. Nevertheless, in their career transitions to managerial positions, these women are selective in the hybrid identity work they engage in.

Expatriates Go, Let Us Grow

An Analysis of Employment Patterns and Development of a Viable HRD Model of Saudi Arabia

Deepanjana Varshney


The employment situation in Saudi Arabia and the dynamics of the labor market are the results of a series of decisions to grow the economy fast after the discovery of oil. Since the locals were not equipped and prepared with the required knowledge and expertise, to build up the nascent economy at rapid speed during that phase, there was a massive inflow of expatriates. The current research highlights the changing labor market in Saudi Arabia, unemployment among locals, remedial policies framed by the government, their drawbacks, and effect on the overall economy. The key antecedents are the preference of Saudi youth for the Public sector, unemployment, the role of the Education System, the private sector, the Nitaqat (job localization) system and expatriate factor. Finally, I propose a viable human capital development model that suggests a collaborative role for expatriates and employability enhancement programs for sustainable economic and social development.

Ben K. Agyei-Mensah


This study investigated the influence of corporate governance on the disclosure of forward looking information by firms listed on the Ghana Stock Exchange. The forward-looking information used in this study were obtained from statements made for management in either the Managing Director or Board Chairman’s reports regarding future operating outcomes.

The results of the extent of disclosure of forward looking information, mean of 35%, indicate that most of the firms listed on the Ghana Stock Exchange did not disclose sufficient forward looking information in their annual reports. The low level (35%) of forward looking information disclosure will also make it very difficult for the firms’ stakeholders to determine future performance of the company. In a country where corruption, even within the judiciary, is high one way of hiding corrupt practices is to hide information from the users of the financial reports.

The results of the regression analysis indicate that board ownership concentration is the significant variable that explain the level of forward looking information disclosure.

Yun Liu


This paper reviews the historical evolution of China’s education-aid programs. These specific programs are seemingly consistent with China’s education reform legacy. With a cross-disciplinary survey regarding how foreign-aid policy commitments got delivered, the paper proposes more inclusive approaches for interpreting local contexts relevant to China’s education-aid policies. The following discussion first presents local evidence to provide plausible explanations from the national background of China’s social-economic reforms since the 1970s. Then it gives a case study of Wuhan, the provincial capital of Hubei, to examine how the local higher-education institutions have managed those education-aid practices since the late 1990s. Re-visiting a variety of mainstream views on China’s evolving national identity as a member of the Global South, the article ends by making some analysis of significance to the evolution of China’s education-aid policies.