Thomas Xutong Qu
Andres Siu-Kwong Tang
G. Wright Doyle
Edited by Denise A. Austin, Jacqueline Grey and Paul W. Lewis
Pentecostalism in the Asia Pacific has made an enormous contribution to its global family—from the more visible influence of Yonggi Cho from Korea to the worship revolutions from Australia (particularly associated with Hillsong) and the lesser known missionary activity from Fiji—each region has contributed significantly to global Christianity. Some communities prospered despite hostile environments and wartime devastation. This volume provides a systematic study of the geographical contexts of Asia Pacific Pentecostalism, including historical development, theological influences, and sociological perspectives.
Contributors are: Doreen Alcoran-Benavidez, Dik Allan, Connie Au, Denise A. Austin, Edwardneil Benavidez, John Carter, Michael Chase, Yung Hun Choi, Darin Clements, Shane Clifton, Dynnice Rosanny Engcoy, Michael J. Frost, Luisa J. Gallagher, Sarita D. Gallagher, Kellesi Gore, Adonis Abelard O. Gorospe, Jacqueline Grey, James Hosack, Ken Huff, Paul W. Lewis, Lim Yeu Chuen, Mathew Mathews, Jason Morris, Nyotxay (pseudonym), Saw Tint Sann Oo, Selena Y. Z. Su, Masakazu Suzuki, and Gani Wiyono.
Denise A. Austin and Shane Clifton
There is evidence of the charismata in operation in Australia as early as the 1850s, and divine healing even became a topic of public debate in the media during the 1870s. By 1902, small groups were holding Pentecostal prayer meetings in Victoria. In this chapter, we critically evaluate how Australian Pentecostalism has evolved from a small, fragmented sect into one of the most influential Christian movements in the world. From the ambiguity of healing ministries and its ambivalent attitude toward female leadership, to the fervour of revivalism and fiercely autonomous structures, this movement has a uniquely Australian character. There have been significant Australian Indigenous contributions, as well as overseas missionary drives that align with the nation’s multicultural aspirations. The charismatic renewal propelled Pentecostals into a greater engagement with the broader community, leading to a rebranding of Australian Christianity that captured the imagination of the world. Australian Pentecostal leaders have shown themselves to be remarkably innovative and intuitive. In so doing they have contributed to the shape of the broader church in Australia, and Pentecostalism globally.
Darin Clements, Ken Huff and Nyotxay
Despite lacking the kind of dramatic revivals which gave birth to Pentecostal and charismatic movements in other Asian nations, Pentecostal movements in Cambodia and Laos have experienced remarkable growth since 1990, having especially benefitted from broad international efforts and support of both traditional and new missionary-sending nations. This chapter begins with an outline of early missionary endeavours, then explores some of the devastating challenges of the 20th century, which led to the suppression but ultimate rebirth of the church. The development of the Pentecostal movement included a few major public outreach events by international ministries, particularly in Cambodia. Furthermore, cooperative international efforts across denominations have been a long-standing feature of Christian work in these two nations. Pentecostal ministerial training has been an important way to spread the gospel, opening opportunities for church planting drives by groups and individuals. Community development programmes have also been a significant feature of the Pentecostal movement in both of these countries since 1990. In the final section of the chapter areas for future research are suggested.