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Edited by Marc Hersant and Catherine Ramond

Comme la destinataire des Mémoires du cardinal de Retz, l’époque classique « aime les portraits ». Ils abondent dans les jeux mondains, les récits historiques, les Mémoires, les lettres. Ils occupent également une place importante dans les fictions narratives de la période, et notamment dans les romans. L’ouvrage collectif Les Portraits dans les récits factuels et fictionnels de l’époque classique, édité par Marc Hersant et Catherine Ramond, propose une confrontation systématique de ces deux pratiques d’écriture, une analyse de leurs similitudes et de leurs différences. Sous un angle peu étudié jusqu’à présent, il couvre un large champ de l’écriture du portrait, à partir de nombreux exemples allant de Brantôme à Stendhal.

Like the recipient of the Cardinal de Retz’ Memoirs, the early modern period “loves portraits”. They can be found in social games, historical narratives, Memoirs, and letters. They also occupy an important place in narrative fiction of that period, especially in novels. The collective volume Les Portraits dans les récits factuels et fictionnels de l’époque classique, edited by Marc Hersant and Catherine Ramond, proposes a systematic confrontation of these two writing practices, and analyzes their similarities and differences. From a hitherto little studied angle, the book covers a wide range of examples of portrait writing, from Brantôme to Stendhal.

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Nora Lafi

This book proposes a study of the old regime forms of Ottoman municipal urban governance that were progressively built between the 15th and the 18th c. on the basis of various heritages (Byzantine, Medieval Islamic, Seljukid, Sassanid, medieval Ottoman) as well as an interpretation of the reforms of the Tanzimat era under the light of this re-evaluation of the previous system. This allows the author to propose innovative ideas on the very nature of civic life, social organization and modernity in the Islamic world. The research is based on original archives from Istanbul (BOA) and various cities of the Empire, from Aleppo to Tunis, Thessaloniki to Alexandria or Damascus and Cairo to Tripoli.

Cet ouvrage est consacré à l’étude des racines et des caractéristiques de la gouvernance urbaine dans l’empire ottoman. Il démontre comment s’est développée sur la base de différents héritages (Byzantin, Islamique médiéval, Seljukide, Sassanide et Ottoman médiéval) à partir du XVe siècle une forme municipale d’ancien régime et étudie sa transformation durant les réformes de l’ère des Tanzimat au XIXe siècle. L’auteure propose ainsi des interprétations innovantes quant à la dimension civique de la vie urbaine, l’organisation sociale et l’impact ambigu avec la modernité dans un contexte islamique. L’étude s’appuie sur des archives inédites trouvées à Istanbul (BOA) et dans des villes comme Alep, Tunis, Thessalonique, Alexandrie, Damas, Le Caire et Tripoli

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Edited by Paul Pelckmans

Les Fables de La Fontaine multiplient les échos savamment aménagés. Le présent recueil voudrait souligner qu’elles aménagent aussi toute une intertextualité interne: les douze Livres regroupent des textes qui avaient déjà circulé séparément et dont la mise en série, même si elle ne débouche sur aucune structure globale du recueil, crée quelquefois des irisations assez paradoxales. Les études ici rassemblées cherchent à définir les critères qui permettent de reconnaître ces sériages, que La Fontaine souligne rarement pour laisser à la sagacité du lecteur le plaisir de les repérer. On voudrait montrer aussi que certaines fables très connues prennent, à la faveur de ces voisinages, une couleur fort inattendue.

La Fontaine’s Fables cultivate a sophisticated art of subtle echoes. They also set up occasionally a discreet internal intertextuality: the twelve Books of the definitive edition group texts that had already circulated separately and create somewhere brief series with very surprising iridescences. The author’s of the present essays search to define benchmarks that may allow to recognize this series: La Fontaine mostly preferred not to stress them explicitly, it should be the reader’s pleasure to locate them! The essays show also that some very well-known fables present, when read in combination with their neighbour-texts, a completely unexpected physiognomy.

Avec les contributions de / contributors: Julien Bardot, Patrick Dandrey, Marc Escola, Sjef Houppermans, Yves Lepestipon, Paul.J.Smith, Tiphaine Rolland

Violence de l'interprétation (XVIe-XVIIe s).

Le texte devant l'inquisition

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Edited by Anne Duprat

This collection of essays aims to measure the minimum scope for interpretation, with reference to texts produced under absolute constraints: those governing the trials of the Spanish Inquisition, as well as trials for witchcraft and libertinage, in polemical writings during the French wars of religion, or in the words of common law convicts in Italy and England.
Written by ten specialists in Early Modern literature and edited by Anne Duprat, these studies examine the violence inflicted on certain texts via the act of interpretation, and the means of resistance used in response. The essays illustrate how the violence of interpretation can also create the conditions necessary for the text to take on meaning.

Cet essai collectif propose de mesurer l’espace minimal nécessaire au déploiement d’une interprétation, à partir de textes produits sous une contrainte absolue : celle des procès d’Inquisition espagnols, mais aussi des procès pour sorcellerie ou libertinage, dans l’écriture polémique des guerres de religion en France, ou dans la parole de condamnés de droit commun en Italie et en Angleterre.
Produites par dix spécialistes de littérature des XVIe et XVIIe siècle, ces études réunies par Anne Duprat interrogent la violence qu’exerce l’interprétation sur certains textes, et les modes de résistance qu’ils déploient face à elle. Elles permettent de comprendre comment cette violence, qui fait dire à un texte ce qu’elle veut, peut aussi construire les conditions de possibilité de son sens.

Rendre la justice à Amid

Procédures, acteurs et doctrines dans le contexte ottoman du XVIIIème siècle

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Yavuz Aykan

Dans son Rendre la justice à Amid, Yavuz Aykan analyse la vie juridique de la ville d’Amid, capitale de la province ottomane de Diyarbakir, au 18ème siècle. A partir des procès-verbaux des tribunaux des villes d’Amid, Harput et Mardin, il met en lumière la centralité du cadi, du gouverneur provincial (vali) et du mufti dans le champ opératoire de la loi. Retraçant la généalogie des textes utilisés par le mufti provincial, Aykan étudie aussi la circulation de diverses interprétations juridiques de la Grande Syrie à la Transoxiane et la Horde d'Or, et leur intégration dans la pratique juridique ottomane. Ce livre offre ainsi une approche renouvelée et historicisée des acteurs et hiérarchies de systèmes juridiques de ce cadre provincial.

In Rendre la justice à Amid, Yavuz Aykan analyses the legal life of the city of Amid, the capital of Ottoman Diyarbekir province in the 18th century. Making use of court records from the cities of Amid, Harput and Mardin, he explores the centrality of the qadi, the provincial governor, and the provincial mufti to law enforcement. By tracing the genealogies of legal texts used by the mufti for fatwa production, Aykan maps out the broader transformations of various judicial interpretations in their journey from Greater Syria to Transoxiana and the Golden Horde, and finally into Ottoman legal praxis. As such, this book offers a far more historicized approach to the multiple actors and hierarchies of juridical systems operating in this provincial setting.

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Edited by Cornelia M. Ridderikhoff and Hilde De Ridder-Symoens

The four Livres des procurateurs de la nation germanique de l’Université d’Orléans (1444-1602) are a unique source for the history of European universities. The quarterly reports of the presidents of the association of law students allow us to reconstitute in detail the everyday life of students from the Germanic countries during the Renaissance. From the published first , second and third Livres between 1444-1587 (same authors, Brill 1971-2013) it appears that the alumni got key positions in Church and State in their homelands. The reports of the fourth Livre for the years 1587-1602 describe the fortunes of the German Nation and the University and offer a unique look at the role of Orleans and its graduates in the religious wars and the growing confessionalisation of Europe.

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Edited by Cornelia M. Ridderikhoff, Hilde De Ridder-Symoens and Chris L. Heesakkers

The four Livres des procurateurs de la nation germanique de l’Université d’Orléans (1444-1602) are a unique source for the history of European universities. The quarterly reports of the presidents of the association of law students allow us to reconstitute in detail the everyday life of students from the Germanic countries during the Renaissance. From the published first and second 'Livres' between 1444-1567 (same authors, Brill 1971 and 1988) it appears that the alumni got key positions in Church and State in their homelands. The reports of the third 'Livre' for the years 1567-1587 describe the fortunes of the German Nation and the University and offer a unique look at the role of Orleans and its graduates in the religious wars and the growing confessionalisation of Europe.

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Lyse Roy

This book is a study of the University of Caen, France, from its foundation in 1432 to 1609. It offers an innovative approach to the study of universities by incorporating to the traditional synthesis the latest developments in sociological and historical interpretation. Divided into five chapters, this study’s aim is two-fold: firstly, to demonstrate that the University of Caen had an integral role in the development of a strong and distinct identity for Normandy as a region with the kingdom of France. Secondly, to analyze the identities and representations not only of the University as an institution but also those of its members.

Le collège de Dormans-Beauvais à la fin du Moyen Âge

Stratégies politiques et parcours individuels à l'Université de Paris (1370-1458)

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Thierry Kouamé

This volume describes the world of Parisian students as exemplified by the Collège de Dormans-Beauvais between 1370 and 1458. The prosopography of this institution is based on an examination of hitherto unused archives: the account books of the college.
The first chapter describes how this medieval foundation was transformed by the middle of the 15th century into a teaching institution which foreshadowed the modern college structure.
The three following chapters present a sociological analysis of this community, concentrating on the background, training and careers of the fellows.
The volume also contains a first critical edition of the statutes of the foundation, and biographies of the 357 fellows and 6 patrons of the college during this period.

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Edited by Ilana Zinguer and Myriam Yardeni

The many ways in which the two major religious movements of the Reformation and the Counter Reformation - the Protestant and the Catholic - were diffused are brought forth through individual and collective efforts in the fields of the arts, literature, education, liturgy and rituals, preaching, propaganda, debates and polemics. The authors of this volume have used methods of cultural history, historical anthropology, history of communications, and micro-history to reveal a common source in the methods of propaganda, with the emphasis on what is inherent to the religious catholic sensibilities on the one hand, and the protestant view of the world on the other.

With contributions by Denis Crouzet, Francis Higman, Marianne Carbonnier-Burkard, Marc Vénard, Bernard Roussel, Jean Loup Lemaître, Alain Tallon, Leonardo Cohen, Nadine Kuperty-Tsur, Max Engammare, François Lestringant, Nicole Hochner, Raymond A. Mentzer, Robert Sauzet, Myriam Greilsammer, Nicole Lemaitre, Jacques Le Brun, Pierre Bonniffet, Edith Weber, Roger Zuber, Jean-François Gilmont, Isabelle Martin and Gabriel Guarino.