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Les Douze Prophètes dans la LXX

Protocoles et procédures dans la traduction grecque: stylistique, poétique et histoire

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Edited by Cécile Dogniez and Phillipe Le Moigne

La traduction grecque des Douze Prophètes est intéressante à plus d’un titre. Le caractère littéraire de ces textes légitime le réexamen des protocoles et des procédures stylistiques et poétiques mis en œuvre par le traducteur lors du transfert de l’hébreu au grec. Les acquis récents en histoire textuelle justifient de revenir sur certaines variantes du texte grec, qu’elles relèvent d’une Vorlage différente du texte massorétique ou des procédures textuelles imaginées face à un mot hébreu rare ou à une difficulté exégétique. Les traces d’interprétation obligent ainsi à interroger le milieu de production – culturel, politique ou religieux – de la Septante des Douze. Les lectures juives et chrétiennes du Dodékaprophéton, de Symmaque à l’expression iconographique byzantine, témoignent enfin de l’importance de l’histoire de la réception autant que du texte lui-même.

The Greek translation of the Minor Prophets is interesting from several points of view. The literary character of the texts calls for a re-examination of the stylistic and poetic strategies employed by the translator. Recent developments in the study of textual history justify a fresh study of certain variants in the Greek that may arise either from a non-Masoretic Vorlage or from attempts to deal with rare Hebrew words or exegetical difficulties. Such signs of interpretative activity thus raise questions about the original context in which the Septuagint of the Twelve was produced. Finally, Jewish and Christian readings of the Dodekapropheton testify to the importance of the book’s reception history as well as of the text itself.

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Edited by Thierry Legrand and Jan Joosten

Although the Jewish Targums were written down only from the second century CE onward, and need to be studied against their Late Antique background, the issue of their connection to earlier sources and traditions is an important one. Do the existing Targums link up with an oral translation of Scripture and, if so, how far does it go back? Do the Targums transmit traditional exegetical material in a distinct form? What is the relation between the Targums and "parabiblical" literature of the Second Temple period (including the New Testament)?
In the present volume, these and other questions are studied and debated by an international group of scholars including some of the best specialists of Targumic literature in all its diversity, as well as specialists of various Second Temple writings.

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Edited by Thierry Legrand and Jan Joosten