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  • Philosophy, Theology & Science x
  • Langue primair: French x

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Abdelilah Ljamai

Ibn ḥazm († 1064) was one of the most original religious thinkers in the cultural history of Islam and the first polemicist from Andalusia to attempt - in his Fisal - to refute the tenets of Judaism and Christianity. This book focuses mainly on his doctrine on the relation between Islam and Christianity in theory and practice. He lived in a society, which was characterised by religious pluralism: Jews, Christians and Muslims lived together in a single community, so that his views can only be understood in the social-political context of his times. The author first discusses the biography of Ibn ḥazm, the question of his Christian origins and personal contacts with Christians as well as the chronology of his oeuvre. He then looks at his evaluation of Christianity, the sources for his treatment, his understanding of Christian doctrine and ritual, and the degree of originality of his treatment, and concludes by examining his influence on later Islamic polemicists. In three appendices the author shows relations between the printed text of al-Fisal and its only manuscript source, MS Vienna 975, presents the texts of the Epistles of Paul from MS National Library Madrid ms 4971 (Novum Testamentum Arabicum) and of the Kitāb 'alā 'l-Tawrāt (MS Köprülü, 794 M. 196 YK) of the later polemicist 'Alā' al-Dīn al-Bājī.

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Roshdi Rashed and Hélène Bellosta

Ibrāhīm Ibn Sinān was one of the most famous scientists of the tenth century. His specialities were geometry, logic and philosophy of mathematics. In this volume, three new hypotheses are presented.
The first one concerns the existence and the development of philosophy of mathematics in Arabic, independently of traditional metaphysics and philosophy. It is mainly concerned with the logic of discovery and the logic of proof. The second hypothesis concerns the development of a new chapter in mathematics devoted to geometrical transformations. The close connection between astronomy and mathematics, used to develop this last chapter, is discussed in the third hypothesis.
The book presents a critical edition done for the first time and based on all available manuscripts, French translations, and long historical and mathematical commentaries.

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Michel Lagarde

This work contains indexes of the proper names and the subjects of the Great Commentary of Fa hr al-Dîn al-Râzî, which comprises 32 volumes and forms an immense encyclopedia of the Middle Ages, invaluable for the knowledge of Classical Islam.
The work is based on the Beirut edition (1981), but it contains a synopsis which allows for the use of the editions of Cairo (1933) and Teheran (n.d.).
In the introduction, one finds a synthesis of the text's important elements, the statement of exegetical principles of the Great Commentary, and information relating to its chronology and authorship.

Michel Lagarde

This first of three volumes comprising ‘Abd al Qâdir’s work contains 215 of the 372 original chapters. Based on the Dār al-yaqaza al-‘arabiyya (1966-1967) and on the manuscript of the Library of Alger, this translation addresses the work done so far by Michel Chodkiewicz and by A. Khurshīd. It deals with mystic comments on Qur’anic verses and prophetic translations inspired by Ibn ‘Arabi’s work. It serves as a useful introduction to Futuḥāt and Fusus.

Michel Lagarde

This second volume, out of three, contains the chapters 216 up to 320 of the alltogether 372 chapters. Based on the Dār al-yaqaza al-‘arabiyya (1966-1967) and on the manuscript of the Library of Alger, this translation has taken into account the work accomplished by Michel Chodkiewicz (Éditions du Seuil, 1982) and by A. Khurshīd (Alif Ëditions, 1996). It deals with mystic comments on Qur’anic verses and prophetic translations inspired by Ibn ‘Arabi’s work. This volume also contains long comments on the Futuḥāt. Chapter 248 deals with the synthesis of Shaykh al-Akbar's view on the world, which helps to get an idea of this rather well organised vision, which is however often hard to understand.

‘Abd al-Qâdir al-Djazâ'irî

Edited by Michel Lagarde

The third and final volume of the "Livre des Haltes" of the Algerian ‘Abd al-Qâdir contains the chapters 299 to 372. It comprises 524 text pages and, in addition, the following indices: lexical index of subjects, index of proper names, index of qur'anic quotations, index of hadiths, index of logical and exegetical principles, index of remarks on the Arabic text (omissions, textual differences, corrections). A concise bibliography rounds off the volume.

Le Livre du Qarasṭūn de Tābit ibn Qurra

Étude sur l'origine de la notion de travail et du calcul du moment statique d'une barre homogène

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Jaouiche

L’imamat et l’Occultation selon l’imamisme

Étude bibliographique et histoire des textes

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Hassan Ansari

La présente étude, L’imamat et l’Occultation selon l’imamisme, Étude bibliographique et histoire de textes, concerne l’évolution religieuse et historique du Hadith imamite autour de la constitution progressive et complexe des doctrines aussi fondamentales que l’imamat et l’Occultation. L’annexe de ce travail comprend les textes en arabe de ces écrits identifiés et reconstitués à travers leurs citations.

In his work, L’imamat et l’Occultation selon l’imamisme, Etude bibliographique et histoire de textes, Hassan Ansari has attempted to reconstruct a number of doctrines related to the concepts of religious authority ( imāma) as well as occultation ( ghayba) in Twelver Shi‘i Islam ( Ithnā'ashariyya). This has been done through identifying and collecting numerous references to quotations of early works in later Shiʿi texts. Ansari has reconstructed earlier layers of primary materials that are entirely lost and only pre-served in later sources.The book's Appendix comprises fragments of early works of Hadith reconstructed from later sources.

Le plaisir, le bonheur, et l’acquisition des vertus: Édition du Livre X du Commentaire moyen d’Averroès à l’Éthique à Nicomaque d’Aristote

Accompagnée d’une traduction française annotée, et précédée de deux études sur le Commentaire moyen d’Averroès à l’Éthique à Nicomaque

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Frédérique Woerther

This volume contains the first edition of the Latin version of the Middle Commentary of Averroes on Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics Book X, the original arabic version being lost. It is accompanied by an annotated French translation. The volume also contains a full study of the manuscript tradition of the Latin text and sets outs the principles used in the edition, which takes into account, where necessary, the Hebrew version of the Commentary. Two further studies complete the volume: the first is devoted to the genre of “Middle Commentary” ( talḫīṣ); the second considers how Averroes uses an analogy with medicine to place ethics at the heart of practical philosophy, and how, in a manner that is foreign to Aristotle, he conceives of ethics as a “science.” Ce volume propose la toute première édition, accompagnée d’une traduction française annotée, de la version latine du Commentaire moyen d’Averroès à l’Éthique à Nicomaque d’Aristote Livre X, dont l’original arabe est perdu. Il présente également une étude complète de la tradition manuscrite du texte latin, et les principes d’édition, qui prennent en compte, ponctuellement, la version hébraïque du Commentaire. Deux études viennent compléter ce volume: l’une, consacrée à la notion de “commentaire moyen” ( talḫīṣ), l’autre à la place qu’Averroès — par le biais d’une analogie avec la médecine — réserve à l’éthique au sein de la philosophie pratique, et à la façon dont il conçoit désormais, de façon non aristotélicienne, l’éthique comme une “science.”

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Ahmed Oulddali

Dans cet ouvrage, Ahmed Oulddali étudie les idées psychologiques et épistémologiques qui sous-tendent l’exégèse spéculative de Faḫr al-Dīn al-Rāzī. Connu pour être l’un des rares théologiens musulmans à avoir proposé une interprétation philosophique du Coran, Rāzī se révèle ici un penseur novateur, profondément convaincu de la nécessité de prendre appui sur les sciences et les méthodes rationnelles pour appréhender la révélation. Son rejet formel du littéralisme et ses multiples emprunts à la philosophie d’Avicenne apparaissent comme la conséquence d’une conception de la connaissance dans laquelle la raison joue un rôle déterminant. Basée sur une documentation très riche, comprenant de nombreuses sources arabes, la présente étude offre une vue d’ensemble des enjeux philosophiques, théologiques et exégétiques auxquels répond la pensée de Rāzī.

In Reason and Revelation in Islam, Ahmed Oulddali presents the psychological and epistemological ideas which underlie Faḫr al-Dīn al-Rāzī’s speculative exegesis. Known as one of the few Muslim theologians to have proposed a philosophical interpretation of the Qurʾān, Rāzī appears here as an innovative thinker, deeply convinced of the need to rely on rational methods to understand revelation. His formal rejection of literalism and his multiple borrowings from Avicenna’s philosophy are explained as a consequence of a conception of knowledge in which reason plays a decisive role. Richly infused with illustrative texts and original translations from Arab sources, Oulddali’s book offers an overview of the philosophical, theological and exegetical issues to which the thinking of Rāzī responds.