AutorIn: Bit-Chee Kwok

Based on a fine-grained description on Cantonese tones authored by the Chi-nese scholar Chan Sene Ch’an in 1900, this paper chiefly explores the origins and different forms of grammatical tone change in early Cantonese. This follows by a detailed comparison between the features of grammatical tone change in early Cantonese and those in contemporary Cantonese. The notion of “grammaticalization cycle” is used to conclude the development of Cantonese tone change in the last 100 years.

in Bulletin of Chinese Linguistics
AutorInnen: Hiroyuki Akitani und Li Wang

This paper analyzes the phonological system of The Gospel of Mark in Wenchow Colloquial (1902), a text that allows an historical investigation of the Wenzhou phonology. Sounds are reconstructed. Characters are listed in homophony sets.

in Bulletin of Chinese Linguistics
in Bulletin of Chinese Linguistics
in Bulletin of Chinese Linguistics
in Bulletin of Chinese Linguistics

提要

本文提出時量詞組在句法結構上應該被分析成一種數量詞組,而從這種分析衍生而來的句法-語意錯置的問題必須透過一個深層詞組結構中的對稱原則來解決,這個對稱原則乃是建立在句法上動詞性cp與名詞性dp的結構對稱關係。我們可以把這個對稱的原則看作語言學理論裡的「阿基米德定律」。本文更進一步指出,其它在英語與漢語裡發現的句法-語意錯置現象的例子也都可以透過此對稱性定律來得到完整而統一的解釋。

in Bulletin of Chinese Linguistics

提要

目前,學界對漢語方言歷史的了解還不夠完整。語言學家運用各種傳統方法與標準,試圖從假設的共同祖語來擬定聲調或音段的發展,從而界定主要的方言區。但是,有關聲調、音段的發展細節,學界尚遠未達成共識。學者們意見不統一的主要原因在於語言接觸在漢語方言歷史上所扮演的角色。漢語方言的情況跟其他語言不一樣:它們從來沒有真正分開過,也從來沒有獨立地發展,而是不斷在相互影響中演變。因此,我們很難確定方言之間的共同特征是從祖語繼承而來的還是從其他方言中借過來的。最新的生物學演化網絡方法可以作為借鑒,這昭示出歷史語言學一個新的探索方向。這類方法運用縱向及橫向網絡以了解細菌的演化過程。語言學家開始運用這些方法來研究語言的發展,并已獲得可喜的初步成績。本文以漢語方言作為專題研究,運用演化網絡方法來分析漢語歷史語言學的問題。在具體操作上,我們精心挑選了200個核心詞彙,並在該基礎上建立了23種漢語方言的數據集。隨後,筆者針對漢語方言的各種分類理論作出了不同的比較和測試,從而判斷其普遍合理性。比較的結果表明,演化網絡方法對漢語方言史的定量和定性研究起到了舉足輕重的補充作用。為了充分發揮其潛力,我們需要建立更適合語言學研究的演化發展模型,例如加入地理信息等其他佐證,才能夠更全面、更細緻地描述漢語方言的歷史演變。

in Bulletin of Chinese Linguistics
Produced mostly by the Central Newsreel and Documentary Film Studio of China, documentary films and newsreels were two of the major mass media and communication channels in China from the 1950’s through the 1970’s. They covered all aspects of social activities, though the emphasis was on developments and achievements in the building of a socialist country. In order to reach even broader public audiences, government agents produced and printed the transcripts and shot lists for the films and sent them to cities and rural areas. The bulk of the items in the collection are transcripts for the documentary films and newsreels from the Cultural Revolution, 1966-1976. Few of these printed materials have survived due to the poor quality of the paper upon which they were printed. All documents in the collection are in Chinese.

• Dates: (inclusive): 1946-1985
• Languages used: Chinese
• EAD finding aids are available

Location of originals: Duke University Library, Durham
• Dates: (inclusive): 1946-1985 • Languages used: Chinese • EAD finding aids are available Produced mostly by the Central Newsreel and Documentary Film Studio of China, documentary films and newsreels were two of the major mass media and communication channels in China from the 1950’s through the 1970’s. They covered all aspects of social activities, though the emphasis was on developments and achievements in the building of a socialist country. In order to reach even broader public audiences, government agents produced and printed the transcripts and shot lists for the films and sent them to cities and rural areas. The bulk of the items in the collection are transcripts for the documentary films and newsreels from the Cultural Revolution, 1966-1976. Few of these printed materials have survived due to the poor quality of the paper upon which they were printed. All documents in the collection are in Chinese. Location of originals: Duke University Library, Durham
The Compilation of Chinese Medicine Periodicals Online, 1897-1952 is a collection of 49 periodicals on Chinese medicine published in the late Qing and Republican periods in China. This collection includes 212 books in 5 parts of more than 120,000 pages. The late Qing and Republican eras are crucial periods to the development of medicine and science in China. Considered one of the best sources for observing the changing nature of medical practice and education during the late Qing and Republican eras in China, this collection provides unique insight into not only the modern transformation of Chinese medicine, but also the larger role of medicine in Chinese society. This collection includes published documents authored by prominent figures both in support of, and opposed to, Chinese medicine. The periodicals included in this collection are among the oldest, most influential and authoritative of all scholarship on Chinese medicine from the late Qing and Republican periods. The content has important reference value and unique academic significance for research on Chinese medicine as well as Chinese culture, history and society. The periodicals included are both aged and rare. The editorial team worked with over 50 libraries to compile them all together in this work. The print version of this collection was jointly published in Chinese by Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Shanghai Lexicographical Publishing House in 2012. Brill was granted the exclusive rights in 2017 to distribute the online version of this collection. Key features - Chinese material plus English overviews; - A massive primary source collection that includes 212 volumes in 5 parts of approximately 120,000 pages; - Two extensive, full-text searchable Indexes: Index by Author and Index by Category; - Both print and online versions are available.