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al-Masʿūdī’s Kitāb al-Tanbīh wa l-ishrāf

Kitab al-Tanbih wa-al-israf / li-Abi al-Hasan Ali b. al-Husayn al-Masudi. M.J. de Goeje’s Classic Edition (1894) with Indices and Glossary to BGA I: 7–8


Ediert von M.J. de Goeje

Al-Masʿūdī composed his Kitāb al-Tanbīh wal-ishrāf in the years 955 and 956, finishing it not long before his death. Based in part on earlier historical-geographical works, it offers a description of astronomical and meteorological phenomena; the divisions of the earth; the seas; ancient nations; universal chronology, and then the history of Islam until the caliphate of al-Muṭīʿ (r. 946-74).

Bibliotheca Geographorum Arabicorum

Indices, Glossarium et Addenda et Emendanda ad Part I-III

de Goeje

1. Abu Ishāk al-Fārisī al- Istakhrī. Viae regnorum descriptio ditionis moslemicae; 2. Ibn ḥauḳal. Opus geographicum; 3. al-Moqaddasi. Descriptio imperii moslemici; 4. Indices, glossarium et addenda et emendanda ad part I-III; 5. Ibn al-Fakīh al-Hamadhānī. Compendium libri Kitāb al-Boldān; 6. Ibn Khordādhbeh. Kitāb al-Masālik wa 'l-Mamālik (Liber viarum et regnorum); 7. Ibn Rosteh. Kitāb al-A‘lāk an-Nafīsa VII. — al-Jakūbi. Kitāb al-Boldān; 8. al-Masūdī Kitāb at-Tanbīh wa 'l-Ischrāf.

Description de l'Afrique et de l'Espagne

Texte arabe publié pour la première fois d'après les manuscrits de Paris et d'Oxford avec une traduction, des notes et un glossaire par R. Dozy et M.J. de Goeje


Description de l’Afrique et de l’Espagne offers a partial edition of the Arabic descriptive geography by Abu ʿAbdallāh Muḥammad al-Idrīsī (d. c. 560 AH/1165 CE) entitled Kitāb Nuzhat al-mushtāq fī’ khtirāq al-āfāq. The author lived at the court of the Norman King Roger II in Sicily where he composed this work for him. Little is known about al-Idrīsī’s life, except that he had travelled extensively and had acquired first-hand information about the areas he described in the Nuzhat, which is also known as the Book of Roger.

Originally published by Brill in 1866, this edition of the Arabic text concerning Africa and the Iberian Peninsula by R. Dozy and M.J. de Goeje was based on the Paris and Oxford manuscripts. It includes a translation into French, with notes, a glossary (Arabic-French), and Index.

Muslim Sources on the Magyars in the Second Half of the 9th Century

The Magyar Chapter of the Jayhānī Tradition


Istvan Zimonyi

The Jayhānī tradition contains the most detailed description of the Magyars/Hungarians before the Conquest of the Carpathian Basin (895). Unfortunately, the book itself was lost and it can only be reconstructed from late Arabic, Persian and Turkic copies. The reconstruction is primarily based on the texts of al-Marwazī, Ibn Rusta and Gardīzī. The original text has shorter and longer versions. The basic text was reformed at least twice and later copyists added further emendation. This study focuses on the philological comments and historical interpretation of the Magyar chapter, integrating the results in the fields of medieval Islamic studies, the medieval history of Eurasian steppe, and the historiography of early Hungarian history.