Xiaguang Peng

Abstract

The Plan for Promoting Special Education: 2014–2016 (《特殊教育提升计划 2014–2016》) puts forward an overall scheme for the development of China’s special education. Based on the Plan, within three years, China will establish a special education system characterized by rational overall arrangement, interrelated phases of education, integration of general education with vocational education, and combination of medicine and education, and build a smooth, convenient, and full-coverage system for guaranteeing special education service that relies on government finance and social support, so as to upgrade the overall development level of special education. In order to implement the Plan and its objectives, China needs to take effective measures, such as stressing the development of inclusive education, rendering more financial support to special education, attaching importance to the needs of students with disabilities, raising the salaries of special education teachers, and developing inclusive education in an all-round way, thus enabling every student with disabilities to receive proper education.

Volume-editor Dongping Yang, Min Yang and Shengli Huang

Volume-editor Dongping Yang, Min Yang and Shengli Huang

Jin Ke, Yaojiang Shi, Linxiu Zhang and Scott Douglas Rozelle

Abstract

In the coming decades when China’s economic growth is expected to slow down, industrial structure upgrading calls for the support of talents with higher quality and skills, especially a labor force and talent pool consisting of people who are at least graduates from senior high schools. In accordance with the Rural Education Action Plan (农村教育行动计划), students in urban areas enjoy a 35-time-higher probability of being admitted by renowned universities, and a 21-time-higher probability of being admitted by regular colleges and universities with four-year schooling (普通四 年制本科大学) than those in rural and poverty-stricken areas. Although secondary vocational education has been a priority for China’s education policy, studies suggest that most students in secondary vocational schools have not only failed to acquire advanced skills after two years of learning, but also regressed in their basic knowledge. These problems have become major barriers to the development of senior secondary education (including secondary vocational education) in China.

Bingyu Wang (王炳钰)

Abstract

Drawing on qualitative research with 45 Chinese 1.5 generation migrants in New Zealand, this paper examines how migration processes intersect with cosmopolitan manifestations at an everyday level. Theoretically, it takes shape within a growing body of literature on cosmopolitanism that provides new insights into understanding migration and mobilities. Empirically, it is situated within the context of a growing trend of Chinese migration to New Zealand, a country experiencing increasing ethnic diversity. Employing the concept of “rooted cosmopolitanism,” the paper explores how different degrees of a sense of rootedness interrelate with the strength of cosmopolitan openness to cultural others, as displayed in daily interactions. It demonstrates that rootedness and cosmopolitan openness are not mutually exclusive, but simultaneously coexist and even mutually strengthen each other. It argues that the process of becoming a rooted cosmopolitan is not straightforward but demands constant work to strategically negotiate the interacting dynamics between openness and its seeming counter-discourse–rootedness.

Diverging Opportunities

Chinese Migrants in the Transnational Immigrant Economy in Vienna

Kim Kwok (郭俭)

Abstract

This paper aims to explore firstly, the distribution of economic opportunities in the Chinese immigrant economy, and, secondly, how opportunities have gradually diverged among Chinese migrants against the backdrop of increased globalization and Chinese transnationalization. Conceptually, it departs from the literature of immigrant economy as well as transnationalism, in particular, Chinese transnationalism. Methodologically, qualitative and inductive methods including in-depth interviews and participant observation are employed. By revealing that some Chinese migrants enjoy economic opportunities induced by transnationalization process while some others are deprived of them, this paper questions the much-celebrated effects of the social mobility of immigrant economy. This paper sheds light on how unequal opportunities can be exported from China channeled by transnationalization, as unequal pathways of Chinese migrants in Vienna, among other cases in Europe, appear to extend the divergent experiences of winners and losers of the late-socialist economic reform in China.