At the height of the deadlocks around global climate change discussions and negotiations, Pope Francis made entry with a morally captivating encyclical letter (Laudato Si) on the Care for Creation. Using a scoping review approach, we focused on a five-year-old body of research around the encyclical, identifying impacts as well as other issues arising from the scholarly engagements. Here, 150 English written publications from 2015 to 2020 were reviewed. The majority of these texts (80 %) addressed the significance and vision of Laudato Si. The rest were distributed between those that presented criticisms of the letter (11 %) and those that gauged the impact of the letter on environmental worldviews (9 %). Second, the climate change (technological advancement)-poverty (climate justice) connection, which is the encyclical’s major focus, remains contested and inconclusive as some critics have rather found and presented a positive relationship between these variables. Third, Laudato Si has recorded a mixed impact. To some people, it has not only led to increased credibility of the Pope but also the increased concern for climate change, whereas to others, it has led to a decreased credibility of the Pope as well as a lessened concern for climate change. Fourth, studies gauging Laudato Si’s impact is geographically biased as they have largely focused on the US and Europe while neglecting other regions especially Africa. The implications of these findings for research and policy are discussed.
Cisiojanus is what we call a medieval mnemonic device designed to provide temporal orientation by transforming the sequence of immovable religious feast days into a short and memorable poem. Mapping the sacred calendar onto a textual surface enabled its user to determine dates by counting the poem’s syllables, words or lines. As an integral part of elementary education, the cisiojanus is believed to have been one of the most popular poems of the Middle Ages. It survived in hundreds of copies all over Europe and was translated into numerous languages. While the cisiojanus formed what could be one of the largest premodern, text-based temporal communities, it also adapted to the requirements of its users, leading to an astonishing amount of nearly identical, yet significally different poems. This article explores different cisiojani as individual perspectives on time. While some make adjustments for regional and local variants of the calendar, some even bear witness to personal interpretations of the calendar.
The COVID-19 pandemic has caused a major change in everyday life and also reinvigorated the theoretical and political discussion on the temporal rhythms of social existence. Taking the situation of the coronavirus crisis as a starting point, the present paper attempts to provide the outlines of a theoretical account of social deceleration, a topic that has been hitherto barely explored in the field of social studies of time. In view of the complexity of the phenomenon, a distinction is made between two ways of theoretically approaching it, namely, a descriptive and a normative perspective. The paper proceeds in three steps: First, upon adopting a descriptive perspective, it advances a definition of social deceleration and proposes a typology of its different manifestations. The second step analyzes the coronavirus crisis as a process of partial deceleration of social life. The final step gives an overview of the current normative, i.e., ethical-political, disputes over social speed.