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The Origins of the Notion in Gregory of Nyssa and its Influence unto the Italian Renaissance
This book explores the invention, significance and actual history of self-creative freedom from Late Antiquity to the Renaissance.
Gregory of Nyssa, the great Cappadocian Father of the IV century, is not as yet deemed one of the outstanding figures in our Histories of Philosophy. However, this monograph argues that his remarkable theories of freedom transcend his own time and, traversing centuries of Medieval and Byzantine history, they become one of the core theoretical inspirations for the anthropological revolution of the Quattrocento, as evinced in eminent philosophers such as Nicholas of Cusa and Giovanni Pico della Mirandola. Our research methodology integrates a thorough study of the Greek and Latin sources ‒ resorting to Philology, Palaeography and Codicology ‒ with a systematic historical and philosophical analysis of different theories and argumentative strategies.
The articles in the book show that today’s Orthodox theology is constructively relating to modernity in politics, society and culture.
In 20 articles very prominent Orthodox theologians and experts on Orthodox theology and Orthodox Christianity from academic fields like sociology of religion or political studies are discussing, in what sense politics, society and culture are considered in Orthodox Theology in a global horizon. Contributors are Alfons Brüning, Ina Merdjanova, Nathaniel Wood, Cyril Hovorun, Dimitrios Moschos, Lucien Turcescu, K. M. George (Kondortha), Pantelis Kalaitzidis, Branko Sekulić, Georgios Vlantis, Nikolaos Asproulis, Atanas Slavov, Sveto Riboloff, Haralambos Ventis, Ioannis Kaminis, Irena Pavlović, Athanasios N. Papathanasiou, Chris Durante, Kateřina Kočandrle Bauer, Vasilios N. Makrides.
Salo W. Baron was considered the greatest Jewish historian of the twentieth century. He laid the ground work for how Jews perceive themselves and are perceived by others. The present series publishes new perspectives in the research on the Jewish experience of both distinguished and aspiring scholars who continue Salo Baron’s work. Contributions to the series focus on the relationship of Jews and non-Jews and perceptions and understandings of Judaism, including but not limited to the history, culture, religion, and institutions of the Jewish people, as well as on their persecution.
Leading historians examine the meaning of being Jewish from early-modern times to the present day.
Classification is an inherent feature of all societies. The distinction between Jews and non-Jews has been a major theme of Western society for over two millennia. In the middle of the twentieth century, dire consequences were associated with being Jewish. Even after the Shoah, the labelling of Jews as “other” continued. In this book, leading historians including Michael Brenner, Elisheva Carlebach and Michael Miller illuminate the meaning of Jewishness from pre-modern and early-modern times to the present day. Their studies offer new perspectives on constructing and experiencing Jewish identity.
Biblische Perspektiven in Krisen und Ängsten unserer Zeit. Band 1
Editor:
Der Band analysiert, reflektiert und bearbeitet im Gespräch mit biblischen Texten gegenwärtige gesellschaftliche Konflikte und Problemlagen. Der erste von zwei Bänden thematisiert aktuelle gesellschaftliche Gefährdungen und Tendenzen wachsender Diskriminierung und Gewalt.
Theolog:innen verschiedener theologischer Fachgebiete erarbeiten Zuversichtsargumente auf Basis der Interpretation biblischer Texte, Denkweisen, Haltungen und Überzeugungen, die argumentativen Erschließungscharakter in Diskursen und Problemlagen der Gegenwart entfalten. Die Zuversichtsargumente zeigen biblische Perspektiven auf, die angesichts nachvollziehbarer Gefühle von Ohnmacht, Hoffnungslosigkeit, Angst und Verzweiflung, aber auch angesichts von Tendenzen grassierender Irrationalismen, Radikalisierung und Gesprächsverweigerung Kontrapunkte ins Spiel bringen, weil biblisches Denken die Möglichkeit eines Umdenkens (metánoia) und damit Perspektiven für produktive und heilsame Veränderungen eröffnet.

Abstract

The feeling of boredom during a speech is not a new phenomenon, but in a late modern information society this challenge is intensified. This article explores what sort of rhetorical opening strategy which may ‘charge’ a sermon with an appropriate suspense to help the congregation to remain attentive throughout the sermon. The article analyses a selective, digital sample of video recorded confirmation sermons from Church of Norway confirmation services in 2020. Drawing on theories on suspense, attention, and boredom, the article uses classical rhetorical theory on the different styles of speech to suggest three possible rhetorical opening strategies for a preacher who wants to ‘charge’ a (confirmation) sermon with a relevant suspense, that of the teacher, the poet, and the prophet.

In: Journal of Youth and Theology
Studies in Interreligious and Intercultural Relations
Editor-in-Chief:
Currents of Encounter invites scholarly contributions that utilize interreligious, intercultural, comparative, postcolonial, and other contemporary critical interdisciplinary approaches from across all religious traditions, to address topical questions on the challenges and opportunities arising from intercultural/interreligious engagements, or the intersections of cultures and religions.

Studies dealing explicitly with the dynamics of the intersection of religious and cultural traditions are increasing every year, and scholars have become aware of the complexity and diversity of interreligious and intercultural relations. Recent literature offers a broad panoply of theoretical approaches from theologies of religions to comparative theologies, from discourse analysis to a postcolonial critique focusing on issues of power, from feminist readings asking about the specific role of women in interreligious dialogue to interreligious hermeneutics exploring how meaning may travel across cultural and religious traditions. Currents of Encounter welcomes this variety of works in these disciplines and from interdisciplinary perspectives aiming thus to contribute to a better understanding of the complexities of interreligious and intercultural themes. The board welcomes both monographs and edited volumes.
Possible domains:
- interreligious studies
- intercultural theology and philosophy
- comparative theology and philosophy
- theologies of religions

Abstract

In this essay, I attend to an under-analyzed topic in the history of Kalām and Falsafa studies, the contribution of Theodore Abū Qurrah, a Melkite-Chalcedonian Arab-Speaking mutakallim of the early Abbasid era, to the Greek-Arabic translation movement and to Falsafa and Kalām, via the translations he made or through the philosophical ideas that underpin his own Kalām discourses. I will pay specific attention to a possible transmission of the Neoplatonic-Aristotelian heritage of Proclus through Abū Qurrah’s use of Proclean ideas in his own Christian Kalām. I will argue that some of Abū Qurrah’s literary output is expressive of his endeavor to develop an independent reading of Proclus and offer a fresh implementation of Proclean legacy in a Kalām-form that exceeds the boundaries of the traditional reading of Proclus. I will begin with insights on Kalām and the translation movement. I will move then to discuss the place of Ḥarrān (the city which Abū Qurrah belonged to and was the Melkite bishop in) on the map of the transmission of Greek sciences to Arabic, before paying attention to the role of the Bishop of Ḥarrān in this transmission activity. After setting the contextual framework, I will focus in the ensuing sections on some traces of Proclus’s legacy in Theodore Abū Qurrah’s extant texts.

In: Journal of Eastern Christian Studies
Der „Faktor Mensch“ in der digitalen Transformation
Author:
Angesichts einer zunehmenden Digitalisierung unserer Lebensbereiche mit Blick auf Algorithmen und soziotechnische (KI)-Systeme ist (Sozial-)Ethik in besonderem Maße angefragt, Perspektiven auf eine menschengerechte Gestaltung dieses Wandels zu eröffnen. In diesem Zusammenhang wird die Frage nach der Rolle und der Stellung des „Faktor Mensch“ innerhalb dieser Strukturen immer wichtiger. Denn sogar im populärsten Sport der Welt, dem sonst so traditionsreichen Fußball, finden zunehmend technische Systeme (Torlinientechnologie – GLT, Videoschiedsrichterassistent:in – VAR) Einzug und führen zu neuen Herausforderungen, insbesondere im Kontext schiedsrichterlicher Entscheidungsprozesse. Daher werden im Rahmen dieser Arbeit Fragen des Verhältnisses von Mensch–KI und der ethisch-rechtlichen Regulierungsbedürftigkeit dieser Systeme ebenso in den Blick genommen wie sportethische Schlaglichter sowie Werte und ethische Prinzipien, die solche Perspektiven eröffnen sollen. Algorithmen und soziotechnische (KI)-Systeme müssen letztlich so konstruiert werden, dass der Mensch im Mittelpunkt bleibt.
Ausgewählte Ansätze evangelischer und katholischer Ostkirchenkundler
Vor dem Hintergrund der Biographien von 20 ausgewählten Ostkirchenkundlern des 20. Jahrhunderts wird deren ostkirchliche Hermeneutik untersucht. Dabei kommen sowohl die Ansätze der evangelischen Ostkirchenkunde als auch die der römisch-katholischen Ostkirchenkunde aus Ost- und aus Westdeutschland in den Blick. Vorgestellt werden so unterschiedliche Zugänge zu den Ostkirchen wie die Hermeneutiken Friedrich Heilers, Fairy von Lilienfelds, Hildegard Schaeders, Hans-Joachim Schulz’ oder Eduard Winters. Neben Beiträgen der beiden Herausgeber enthält der Band auch Beiträge u.a. von Gisa Bauer (Köln), Hacik Gazer (Erlangen), Irena Pavlović (Erlangen) und Robert Rapljenović (Eichstätt).