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Die beliebte Reihe Philosophische Einstiege wird um einen Meilenstein erweitert: Obwohl er es selbst nie behauptet hat, war der Schotte David Hume bei seinen Zeitgenoss:innen durch seine subtile, aber zugleich tiefschürfende Kritik an der christlichen Religionslehre als Atheist verschrien.
Er selbst betonte in seinen Schriften – ohne die Vernunft zu missachten – die sinnliche Wahrnehmung, Erfahrungswerte und Gefühle als Maßstäbe unseres moralischen Handelns. Eine Position, die der späteren Common-Sense-Philosophie konträr entgegenstand. Er etablierte sich damit als wichtiger Vertreter der Aufklärung im 18. Jahrhundert, der mit Jean-Jacques Rousseau und Adam Smith verkehrte, und dessen Philosophie bis heute diskutiert wird. Dieser Comic stellt anschaulich, geistreich, aber trotzdem detailliert die Biographie und die Thesen Humes dar und geht der Frage nach, wie er es schaffte, einst sogar Immanuel Kant aus seinem „dogmatischen Schlummer“ zu wecken. Selbst ohne Vorwissen gelingt damit eine Einführung in die Gedankenwelt von einem der bedeutendsten Philosophen.
Die Idee der Energie in der französischen Spätaufklärung (1770-1820). Aus dem Französischen von Heinz Thoma
Author: Michel Delon
Translator: Heinz Thoma
Die erstmalige Übersetzung eines Standardwerks zur Geschichte der Idee der Energie im Übergang vom 18. zum 19. Jahrhundert.
Diese Ideengeschichte löst eingeführte Sichtweisen auf das Zeitalter der Aufklärung auf. Sie konstatiert am Beispiel der Energie einen Bruch mit der Kultur des Klassizismus, zieht neue Verbindungslinien zur Romantik, löst tradierte Gegensätze von Idealismus und Materialismus, Tugend und Libertinage, Empfindsamkeit und Grausamkeit auf und erlaubt einen neuen Blick auf die Epoche der Terreur.
Jacob Taubes is one of the most significant intellectual figures in the more recent German intellectual scene—and beyond. However, Taubes was either dismissed as a highly controversial character, or as a mere commentator of ongoing debates, or the reception was restricted to his considerations on religion and the ambivalences of secularity. This volume challenges these reductions by putting Taubes' original, albeit marginalised, texts into new, sometimes surprising contexts. Furthermore, it relates familiar topics in his oeuvre to lesser-known themes that are still highly pertinent for contemporary discussions on faith, modernity, and the limits of politics.
The Bible and the Academy in the Public Square. Essays for the Occasion of Professor John Barton’s 70th Birthday
Volume Editors: Hywel Clifford and Megan Daffern
Exegesis has ethical dimensions. This is the case for the Bible, which has a foundational status in traditional perspectives that is simultaneously contested in the modern world. This innovative essay collection, largely about Hebrew Bible/Old Testament texts, is written by an international team – all Doktorkinder of a pioneer in this area, Professor John Barton, whose 70th birthday this volume celebrates. With interdisciplinary angles, the essays highlight the roles and responsibilities of the biblical scholar, often located professionally between religious and secular domains. This reflects a broader reality: all readers of texts are engaged ethically in the public square of ideas.
Santayana’s political ideas, as contained in Dominations and Powers and dispersed throughout his other works, have not been given the attention they deserve. This is the first comprehensive study of Santayana’s political hermeneutics as embedded in his general philosophy and intimately connected to his cultural criticism. Managing necessity and harmonizing diversity, negative anthropology, an Apollonian individualism and naturalistic humanism, are only a few of the interpretative categories used to elucidate the dense, ambiguous and ironic ruminations of Santayana and reveal their timeliness. Discussion of other thinkers—from Plato to Ricoeur—brings to light the essentially dialogical character of his work.
Giovanni Pico Della Mirandola’s Encounter with Scholastic Philosophy
Author: Amos Edelheit
This study explains how one of the remarkable thinkers of the Italian Renaissance, Giovanni Pico della Mirandola (1463-1494), broke new ground by engaging with the scholastic tradition while maintaining his ‘humanist’ sensibilities. A central claim of the monograph is that Pico was a ‘philosopher at the crossroads’, whose sophisticated reading of numerous scholastic thinkers enabled him to advance a different conception of philosophy. The scholastic background to Pico’s work has been neglected by historians of the period. This omission has served to create not only an unreliable portrait of Pico’s thought, but a more general ignorance of the dynamism of scholastic thought in late fifteenth-century Italy. The books argues that these deficiencies of modern scholarship stand in need of correction.
Volume Editors: Andreas Lammer and Mareike Jas
This volume—the proceedings of a 2018 conference at LMU Munich funded by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation—brings together, for the first time, experts on Greek, Syriac, and Arabic traditions of doxography. Fourteen contributions provide new insight into state-of-the-art contemporary research on the widespread phenomenon of doxography. Together, they demonstrate how Greek, Syriac, and Arabic forms of doxography share common features and raise related questions that benefit interdisciplinary exchange among colleagues from various disciplines, such as classics, Arabic studies, and the history of philosophy.
Volume Editors: Olli Loukola and Leonidas Donskis
Secrets and conspiracies have always played an important role in human history, and today conspiracy theories have become a rather disconcerting practice for picturing our world and our relations with each other. How seriously are we to take them, then? Are we to completely discard them as political rhetoric, purposeful misinformation, or even individual delusions? Or should we take them as serious, perhaps even scientific theories? This collection purports to provide a sober analysis of the much-debated issues and tries to develop and outline conceptual and theoretical tools to make sense of what secrets and conspiracies truly are.
At the foundation of international law lies the notion of ius gentium or right of peoples, an idea that fully came into its own with the discovery of America and the effort to resolve the moral issues posed by the Spanish presence. Once Vitoria broadened the Augustinian concept of an international community by proposing the use of reason as the only criterion for membership in that community, it remained to formulate the laws needed to impose order on it. But before accomplishing that task, two questions must be accounted for: what is the nature of the ius gentium, and what is its relation to ius naturale? How theologians, philosophers, jurists sought the answers between 1500 and 1700 is the subject of this essay.
Volume Editors: Daniel Vázquez and Alberto Ross
The way Plato discusses time and its relation to the cosmos has puzzled and divided his readers from the very beginning. This originated rich and diverse readings that shaped and contributed to the cosmological discussion of the Hellenistic and Late Antiquity periods. Modern scholars too, have offered many and often opposed views on the matter.

This book assembles an international team of scholars to move forward the study of Plato’s conception of time, to find fresh insights for interpreting his cosmology, and to reimagine the ancient Platonic tradition.