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New Testament Tools, Studies, and Documents (NTTSD) combines two series, New Testament Tools and Studies (NTTS) and Studies and Documents (SD). The former was founded by Bruce M. Metzger in 1965 and edited by him until 1993, when Bart D. Ehrman joined him as co-editor. The latter series was founded by Kirsopp and Silva Lake in 1935, edited by them until the death of Kirsopp Lake in 1946, then briefly by Silva Lake and Carsten Høeg (1955), followed by Jacob Geerlings (until 1969), by Irving Alan Sparks (until 1993), and finally by Eldon Jay Epp (until 2007).

The new series will promote the publication of primary sources, reference tools, and critical studies that advance the understanding of the New Testament and other early Christian writings and writers into the fourth century. Emphases of the two predecessor series have been retained, including the textual history and transmission of the New Testament and related literature, relevant manuscripts in various languages, and methodologies for research in early Christianity. The series will also publish a broader range of studies pertinent to early Christianity and its writings.

The series published an average of 2,5 volumes per year over the last 5 years.
Gibt es das „Corpus Johanneum“ oder gibt es gar mehrere Verfasser? Und ist die Johannesapokalypse dem sogenannten Corpus Johanneum zuzurechnen oder ist ihr theologischer Ansatz derart anders, dass sie als Fremdkörper nicht nur gegenüber den anderen johanneischen Schriften, sondern sogar als Sonderling im ganzen Neuen Testament zu gelten hat?
Auch in ihrem dritten Band des Frankfurter Neuen Testaments bleiben Stefan Alkier und Thomas Paulsen ihrer Übersetzungsmethodik treu, welche die neutestamentlichen Texte wörtlich aus dem Koine-Griechisch übersetzt. Das hat erhebliche Folgen für den Wortlaut und das Verständnis dieser Texte – so ist z.B. nicht von „Sünde“ oder „Teufel“, sondern von „Verfehlung“ und vom „Zerwerfer“ die Rede.
„Kaum einen Text glauben heutige Leserinnen und Leser so gut zu kennen wie das Johannesevangelium. Die neue Übersetzung von Stefan Alkier und Thomas Paulsen zeigt, wie falsch wir mit dieser Einschätzung liegen. Philologisch genau, erfrischend sperrig und fern von eingefahrenen Pfaden zeigt sie, wie aufregend und ungewöhnlich dieser Text wirklich ist; damit lädt sie uns dazu ein, ihn in seinem Anspruch ernst zu nehmen und uns auf seine Herausforderung einzulassen.“ Dr. Thomas Schmitz (Professor für Gräzistik an der Rheinischen Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn)


We argue that a better understanding of the nature of action descriptions can provide a more appropriate framework for relating metaphors and models of atonement than other frameworks that are on offer today. We begin by describing a problem that arises with the framework employed by what we call pluralist and hierarchalist approaches, namely, that the approaches operate with an understanding of metaphors best suited for inanimate objects. On the other hand, action theory—a philosophical subject that has for the most part been ignored by theologians—and more specifically, action descriptions, are better suited to describe the actions of agents. By shifting our attention to action descriptions, we will be able to retain both what pluralists are after—a notion of the multiple perspectives on atonement—and what hierarchalists are after—a nuanced and differentiated way to account for their metaphors and models of atonement.

In: Evangelical Quarterly: An International Review of Bible and Theology
Author: Kenneth Trax

Peter J. Williams, Can We Trust the Gospels? Wheaton, IL: Crossway, 2018. 153 pp. pb. $ 17.99, ISBN 978-1-4335-5295-3.

Peter J. Williams is the principal of Tyndale House, Cambridge, and recently served as the associate editor of the Tyndale House Greek New Testament. He intends Can We Trust the Gospels? to be ‘a short book explaining to a general audience some of the vast amount of evidence for the trustworthiness of the four Gospels’ (p. 13). The word ‘trust’ is carefully chosen for this project; each chapter sets out to demonstrate the reasonableness of

In: Evangelical Quarterly: An International Review of Bible and Theology
Author: Nathan Greeley

Craig A. Carter, Contemplating God with the Great Tradition: Recovering Trinitarian Classical Theism. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2021. xiii + 334 pp. pb. $ 32.99, ISBN 978-1-5409-6330-7.

Interest in classical theism appears to be at an all-time high in conservative Protestant circles these days. This is quite remarkable, given that during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries doctrines such as divine simplicity, eternity, and immutability came under frequent attack and were often seen as obscure and antiquated even by ostensibly confessional theologians. The impetus behind this self-conscious return to traditional thinking about God appears to be

In: Evangelical Quarterly: An International Review of Bible and Theology

Mark R. Stevenson, The Doctrines of Grace in an Unexpected Place: Calvinistic Soteriology in Nineteenth-Century Brethren Thought. Eugene, OR: Pickwick Publications, 2017. xvi + 304 pp. pb. $ 37.00, ISBN 978-1-4982-8109-6.

In this very useful survey and analysis, Dr. Mark Stevenson brings clarity with charity to a theological subject, which has too often been the occasion for the polemical outpouring of oceans of ink. Although his principal focus is on the soteriology of the early Brethren, the author very sensibly places their thinking in a wider context, devoting a fifth of his book to an introductory

In: Evangelical Quarterly: An International Review of Bible and Theology
This is a subseries of Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity (AJEC). It stands in the tradition of the work of Adolf von Harnack, Die Mission und Ausbreitung des Christentums in den ersten drei Jahrhunderten (4th ed., Leipzig, 1924). Each volume of ECAM will focus on the rise and expansion of Christianity in a specific geographic region of Asia Minor up to the Council of Chalcedon in 451 CE. The monographs endeavor to take into account all relevant literary and non-literary evidence, paying special attention to epigraphical and archeological material, and to document the current state of research.

Free access
In: Evangelical Quarterly: An International Review of Bible and Theology

Richard A. Muller, Grace and Freedom: William Perkins and the Early Modern Reformed Understanding of Free Choice and Divine Grace. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2020, 232 pp. hb. $ 74.00, ISBN 978-0-1975-1746-8.

How can God be sovereign in the salvation of sinners without violating their free will? Can sinners even properly be said to have a free will? Why does sin persist in the Christian life after regeneration? These are difficult and perennial theological questions, questions for which Richard Muller offers the answers given by William Perkins and his contemporaries. In so doing, he situates Perkins’s thought in

In: Evangelical Quarterly: An International Review of Bible and Theology
Author: Michael Lynch

Curt Daniel, The History and Theology of Calvinism. Durham: Evangelical Press, 2019. 906 pp. hb. £ 35.00, ISBN 978-1-7839-7282-1.

Curt Daniel wrote a doctoral dissertation at Edinburgh University on John Gill and hyper-Calvinism, with which scholars of Calvinism ought to be familiar. Less well-known is his unpublished syllabus of lectures on Calvinism, its history and theology. At long last, Daniel has finally published the latter, a fruit of his many years of academic and pastoral labor, titled The History and Theology of Calvinism. This newly-published version of that older syllabus is revised and updated, with

In: Evangelical Quarterly: An International Review of Bible and Theology