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The Book of Curiosities, Edited with an Annotated Translation
Acquired by the Bodleian Library in 2002, the Book of Curiosities is now recognized as one of the most important discoveries in the history of cartography in recent decades. This eleventh-century Arabic treatise, composed in Egypt under the Fatimid caliphs, is a detailed account of the heavens and the Earth, illustrated by an unparalleled series of maps and astronomical diagrams. With topics ranging from comets to the island of Sicily, from lunar mansions to the sources of the Nile, it represents the extent of geographical, astronomical and astrological knowledge of the time. This authoritative edition and translation, accompanied by a colour facsimile reproduction, opens a unique window onto the worldview of medieval Islam.

An extensive glossary of star-names and seven indices, on birds, animals and other items have been added for easy reference.
Warrior and Saint
This study examines the evolution of the image of Aleksandr Nevskiy in close connection with the dynamics of the political and cultural history of medieval Russia. It demonstrates that historians often misinterpret the Life of Aleksandr Nevskiy and treat it as a source for political and military history. By putting the Life in the context of Christian (not only Orthodox) culture, the study achieves remarkable and impressive results in its analysis of the Life. With its mature and innovative methodology it also demonstrates how the Life impacted on common historical consciousness, as it was placed into the historical framework of the medieval Russian chronicles. This researches places Isoaho among those scholars of medieval Russian history, who study the role of political leaders in the formation of the Russian state.
Studies in Theology and Religion (STAR) - 9

Evangelienharmonien sind in Westeuropa zumindest vom sechsten Jahrhundert an nachweisbar, wurden aber im Hoch- und Spätmittelalter verstärkt tradiert, bearbeitet oder auch neu verfaßt. Diese Texte bieten zumeist Zusammenstellungen des Stoffes der vier neutestamentlichen Evangelien, die alle darin erzählten Inhalte in einenfortlaufenden Erzählzusammenhang bringen. Auf diese Weise geben sie dem Leser oder Hörer Gelegenheit, die ganze Fülle der Aussagen der Evangelisten in einer einzigen Darstellung zur Kenntnis zu nehmen, und nehmen den Anstoß weg, daß in dem einen Evangelium diese, im anderen jene Reihenfolge gewählt wird, daß im einen Evangelium diese Erzählung fehlt, im anderen jene. Leser oder Hörer können sich dadurch ganz auf Leben, Leiden und Auferweckung des Erlösers konzentrieren. Die Geschichte der Gattung der Evangelienharmonien ist bisher ebenso wenig erforscht worden wie ihre Rezeptionsweisen und ihre Funktionen in den wechselnden Kontexten dieser jahrhundertelangen Geschichte.

Der vorliegende Sammelband will auf einige Aspekte der Geschichte von Evangelienharmonien im Mittelalter und auf ihre Einordnung in Kontexte aufmerksam machen. Neben Harmonien aller vier Evangelien werden auch eine Passionsharmonie und ein Evangelienkommentar vorgestellt, um auf diese Weise die verwandten Gattungen in den Blick zu bekommen.

Evangelien-harmonien des Mittelalters

I – MITTELALTERLICHE EVANGELIENHARMONIEN
Evangelienharmonien des Mittelalters: Forschungsgeschichtliche und systematische Aspekte
Ulrich Schmid
Lateinische Evangelienharmonien – Die Konturen der abendländischen Harmonietradition
Ulrich Schmid
Zur Funktion des Monotessaron des Johannes Gerson
Marc Vial
Liturgie, Leben-Jesu-Darstellungen und Evangelienharmonien als wesentliche Bestandteile der spätmittelalterlichen Frömmigkeit:
Erforschung und Vergleich
Charles Caspers
Mittelniederländische Evangelienharmonien – Form und Funktion: Eine erste Orientierung
August den Hollander

II – MITTELALTERLICHE EVANGELIENKOMMENTARE UND
PASSIONSHARMONIEN
Die Harmonisierungstendenzen im Evangelienkommentar des
Simon Fidati von Cascia OESA (ca. 1295–1348)
Willigis Eckermann
Die Passionsharmonie des Augustiner-Eremiten Johannes von Paltz
(ca. 1445-1511)
Christoph Burger 3
vi Evangelienharmonien des Mittelalters
Verzeichnis der genannten Literatur
Verzeichnis der zitierten Handschriften
Register der Bibelstellen
Personenregister
Ethnic and Theological Tensions in Medieval al-Andalus
This volume deals with the medieval shu'ūbiyyah movement (in which non-Arab Muslims sought equality of power and status with Arabs) in al-Andalus, Muslim Spain. By analysing a letter composed by Ibn García during the 11th century, the tensions between Arab and non-Arab Muslims are discussed in detail. Symbols, stories and legends used in the shu'ūbiyyah corpus of writings are analysed in the light of the political and theological development in al-Andalus and the Muslim world. Authority, legitimacy and power are central both to the discussion of Ibn García’s letter and the history of the shu'ūbiyyah movement.
The first part gives the historical background to the history of al-Andalus. Ethnic conflicts and tensions related to authority and power are of special interest. The second part, gives a detailed analysis of Ibn García’s shu'ūbiyyah letter in relation to the historical and contemporary situation in al-Andalus.
Byzantine Material Culture and Religious Iconography (11th - 15th Centuries)
This volume examines the occurrence of secular contemporary artefacts (realia) in Middle and Late Byzantine religious painting. It explores the potential of Byzantine art as a source of information on material culture and inquires into the semiotic function of realia in religious pictorial contexts.
The first part of the book comprises five case studies dedicated to imperial, official, aristocratic, and military dress, furniture, furnishings, and implements. The creative processes that led to the introduction of realia into religious iconography are discussed in the commentary.
The book conveys a wealth of information especially on Byzantine dress and provides valuable new insights into the workings of Byzantine art. It is an original and thorough investigation of a fascinating, yet surprisingly little-studied subject.
Editors: Graham Loud and Alex Metcalfe
This book is a wide-ranging collection of essays about different aspects of the society of southern Italy and Sicily from the eleventh through to the thirteenth centuries. Of the eleven contributors, seven are from Continental Europe, most of whom have never before published in English. The volume devotes particular attention to the evolution of the social structure, to regional differences, the Church, and to the position of Greek and Arabic Christians and Muslims within the Norman Kingdom of Sicily. The authors, all acknowledged experts in this field, draw upon an unrivalled knowledge of the contemporary sources, both published and unpublished. This volume will therefore be a most important resource for both scholars and students of this fascinating area of medieval history, on which relatively little has hitherto been written in English.
This fascinating study examines the customs, legal codes, and socioeconomic mechanisms that evolved from the initial Christian-Muslim encounter on Crusader battlefields. It pinpoints changes in European mentality, and conduct of war, tracing acculturation processes in Frankish society in the Levant. These changes emerged from the need to redeem captives, making payment of ransom to the infidel conceivable and acceptable. The book pays special attention to the story of the vanquished, to the situation of women, to the behavior of the Military Orders toward captives, and to the image of the captive in Crusader literature, in the context of making war and peace.
The early fourteenth century saw the resistance of the Franciscans to the conduct of the ecclesiastical Inquisition in the wake of the Cathar heresy, the crisis and destruction of the Spiritual Franciscan movement and the struggle to maintain the unity of France under Philip the Fair. The movement to suppress the Inquisition - unique in the Middle Ages - was conceived of and directed by Bernard Delicieux, one of the last leaders of the Spiritual Franciscans, whose rise to fame and involvement in these controversies forms the focus of this first monographic treatment in 70 years.
This volume traces the development of Carmelite foundations in Medieval Catalonia and shows how they reflected the dichotomy between the Order's eremitical origins and the active mendicant apostolate in which it was engaged.
In discussing Carmelite life in an urban setting, mention is made of secular involvement with its positive and negative effects, popular piety and miraculous sightings and outstanding intellectual achievement. The conclusion raises the question that Carmelite friars might have migrated to Europe at an earlier date than traditionally suggested; similarly, that the inaccurate foundation document for Peralada dated 1206 was a fourteenth-century falsification.
The appendices provide supplementary material: archival documents, names of priors, royal chaplains, students and graduates and finally an alphabetical list of known medieval Catalan Carmelites. A bibliography and index complete the volume.
Ian Macpherson and Angus MacKay bring together versions in English of sixteen articles published in journals and festschrift volumes over the past two decades. The articles are revised and selected from those which deal with questions of love, religion and politics in the fifteenth-century Kingdom of Spain.
Ian Macpherson is a linguist and literary critic who aims to set his judgements in a historical and social context, and Angus MacKay a historian whose writings are informed by an awareness of the social context and literary production of the Spanish fifteenth century. The two authors have collaborated on many occasions, and the joint volume provides insights into the complex relationships between real life and imaginative writing in this turbulent period of Spanish history.