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Essays on the Song Cycle and on Defining the Field

Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Word and Music Studies at Ann Arbor, MI, 1999

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Edited by Walter Bernhart and Werner Wolf

This volume assembles twelve interdisciplinary essays that were originally presented at the Second International Conference on Word and Music Studies at Ann Arbor, MI, in 1999, a conference organized by the International Association for Word and Music Studies (WMA).
The contributions to this volume focus on two centres of interest. The first deals with general issues of literature and music relations from culturalist, historical, reception-aesthetic and cognitive points of view. It covers issues such as conceptual problems in devising transdisciplinary histories of both arts, cultural functions of opera as a means of reflecting postcolonial national identity, the problem of verbalizing musical experience in nineteenth-century aesthetics and of understanding reception processes triggered by musicalized fiction.
The second centre of interest deals with a specific genre of vocal music as an obvious area of word and music interaction, namely the song cycle. As a musico-literary genre, the song cycle not only permits explorations of relations between text and music in individual songs but also raises the question if, and to what extent words and/or music contribute to creating a larger unity beyond the limits of single songs. Elucidating both of these issues with stimulating diversity the essays in this section highlight classic nineteenth- and twentieth-century song cycles by Franz Schubert, Robert Schumann, Hugo Wolf, Richard Strauss and Benjamin Britten and also include the discussion of a modern successor of the song cycle, the concept album as part of today’s popular culture.

Travellers in Time and Space / Reisende durch Zeit und Raum

The German Historical Novel / Der deutschsprachige historische Roman

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Edited by Osman Durrani and Julian Preece

A Space of Anxiety

Dislocation and Abjection in Modern German-Jewish Literature

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Anne Fuchs

A Space of Anxiety engages with a body of German-Jewish literature that, from the beginning of the century onwards, explores notions of identity and kinship in the context of migration, exile and persecution. The study offers an engaging analysis of how Freud, Kafka, Roth, Drach and Hilsenrath employ, to varying degrees, the travel paradigm to question those borders and boundaries that define the space between the self and the other. A Space of Anxiety argues that from Freud to Hilsenrath, German-Jewish literature emerges from an ambivalent space of enunciation which challenges the great narrative of an historical identity authenticated by an originary past. Inspired by postcolonial and psychoanalytic theories, the author shows that modern German-Jewish writers inhabit a Third Space which poses an alternative to an understanding of culture as a homogeneous tradition based on (national) unity.
By endeavouring to explore this third space in examples of modern German-Jewish literature, the volume also aims to contribute to recent efforts to rewriting literary history. In retracing the inherent ambivalence in how German-Jewish literature situates itself in cultural discourse, this study focuses on how this literature subverts received notions of identity and racial boundaries. The study is of interest to students of German literature, German-Jewish literature and Cultural Studies.

The Spiritual Geography of Modern Writing

Essays on Dehumanization, Human Isolation and Transcendence

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Constantin V. Ponomareff

This collection of essays deals with the spiritual crisis in modern society and focusses in particular on European writers of the 19th and 20th centuries.
The essays trace themes of spiritual unease, narrowing of inner human space, impoverishment of the self, growing human isolation, dehumanization, and the writers' attempts to overcome this malaise. The essays also try to show how inhuman political and social environments and feelings of cultural impasse can become mitigated and reclaimed by socially conscious acts of creative writing. Obsession, self-delusion, creative frustration and personal tragedy are seen to haunt this kind of modern writing which is at the same time infused with the writers' profound sense of moral responsibility to society and marked, on occasion, by that rare experience of Epiphany and transcendence.

Yvan Goll – Claire Goll

Texts and Contexts

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Edited by Eric Robertson and Robert Vilain

This volume brings together for the first time essays on both Claire and Yvan Goll. The Golls made distinctive contributions to the literary cultures of France and Germany in the first half of the twentieth century. Their writings shed much light upon their respective positions within the exile communities created by the First and Second World Wars, and in the inter-war avant-gardes of Paris and Berlin, whose cosmopolitanism and eclecticism they came to embody. The Golls' literary output was shaped by, and in turn helped to enrich, the experimental trends that often challenged or transcended conventional notions according to which genre and choice of literary language are stable phenomena. The essays in this volume focus on texts by Yvan and Claire Goll in French and German, and in various literary forms: these are examined in relation to contem-porary literary, artistic and musical developments, and place particular emphasis on collaborative and interdisciplinary works. The analyses explore a wide range of theoretical perspectives, including inter-textuality, Trivialliteratur, psychoanalysis, feminism, cultural marginality and négritude. This collection represents a distinctive and wide-ranging contribution to the study of Yvan and Claire Goll at a time of renewed critical interest in their lives and work.

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Margrit Verena Zinggeler

This work analyzes texts by contemporary Swiss writer Gertrud Leutenegger in regard to the interrelationship of literary freedom and social constraints by applying different discursive variants of literary discourse analysis. How do the enigmatic texts written in an idiosyncratic and unique style, filled with myths and codes of dream and life sequences relate to the Swiss environment? Are they just free associations and combinations constituting an esoteric utopia? Is Gertrud Leutenegger ortslos as Martin Roda Becher defines postmodern writers?
Critical approaches of several schools of literary criticism; feminism, male gender studies, psychoanalysis, mythology, theory of style, linguistics, and sociolinguistics contrast the functional textual differentiations. A wide interdisciplinary need in literary projects is thus disclosed. Therefore, this volume is of interest for scholars of all branches of social and literary sciences.
Unprecedented are the models of masculinity and the images of men derived from a first person singular narrative by a Swiss woman writer. She works through the ontological process of subjectivity reflected in the image of a patriarch governor and an Italian immigrant.
The chapter on Swissness in the Text is of crucial importance concerning the categorization of German Literature and questions about minor literature.
This socio-critical analysis shows that there is a transcendence between the writing subject-(author) and literature. Yet, the body can be retrieved from literature since das Herz muß im Körper belassen werden, als Sitz der Erkenntnis, as Gertrud Leutenegger says. All her texts are body writings; her words originate in the female body experiencing constraints in Switzerland.

Arthurian Romance and Gender / Masculin/Feminin dans le roman Arthurien medieval / Geschlechterrollen im mittelalterlichen Arthurroman

Selected Proceedings of the XVIIth International Arthurian Congress / Actes choisis du XVIIe Congrès International Arthurien / Ausgewählte Akten des XVII. Internationalen Artuskongresses

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Edited by Friedrich Wolfzettel

These selected proceedings of the XVIIth International Arthurian Congress (21 to 30 July, 1993 at Bonn) are a major contribution to problems connected with the semiotics of sex, gender and gender roles in Arthurian romance and more generally in medieval narrative. With regard to this particular topic, the proceedings provide a first comprehensive discussion, covering virtually the whole range of medieval Arthurian romance from the Chronicles and the 'classical' period onto verse and prose romances in the XIIIth, XIVth, and XVth centuries, including Malory, and examining the most important works of the mainstreams of French, German, and English literatures. The variety of methods - philological, historical and sociological criticism, anthropological, psychoanalytical, semiotic and linguistic approaches - brought to bear on the texts indicate the growing importance of femininity in the narrative framework as well as a growing awareness of femininity as opposed to the chivalric, masculine set of values. In this perspective, Arthurian romance may be said to be due and revolve around the problem of the sexes or more precisely, gender studies help to define genre studies. Moreover, in pointing out - successful or thwarted - tendencies towards a reassessment of femininity, the studies of this volume may contribute to a better understanding of the civilizing process of the medieval world.

Das deutsche Irlandbild

Imagologische Untersuchungen zur Darstellung Irlands und der Iren in der deutschsprachigen Literatur

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Doris Dohmen

Heilige, edle Wilde oder Barbaren: Literarische Irlanddarstellungen aller Zeiten, die in eine übergreifende imagotype (deutsch-englisch-irische) Makrostruktur eingebunden sind, zeichnen sich durch eine eindeutige Polarisierung aus. Anders als eher thematologisch ausgerichtete Arbeiten analysiert diese Untersuchung vorhandene Irlandbilder in ihrer Genese, Entwicklung und Wirkung und leistet so einen Beitrag zur komparatistischen Imagologie. Ziel der Arbeit ist es nicht, konstatierte Irlandbilder, die durchaus eine objektiv nachweisbare Wirkung auf den außerliteratischen Bereich und die Rezeption von Literatur ausüben, im Sinne der Völkerpsychologie als wahr oder falsch zu klassifizieren. Am konkreten Beispiel Irlands wird vielmehr der Einfluß von Alteritätserfahrungen auf die Bildung literarischer Stereotypen sowie - umgekehrt - die Bedeutung von Literatur für die Wahrnehmung des Fremden, das immer in Abgrenzung zum Eigenen erfahren wird, nachgewiesen.

Niederlandbild und deutsche Germanistik 1800-1933

Ein Beitrag zur komparatistischen Imagologie

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Ulrike Kloos