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Animacy influences the grammar of languages in different ways, although it often goes unnoticed. Did you know that in English there is a strong tendency towards using the Saxon genitive ’s with humans instead of the preposition of? Have you ever hear that some Chinantecan languages encode the animate/inanimate distinction in almost every word, and that in Hatam only human nouns distinguish plural number? This book offers for the first time a comprehensive cross-linguistic study of its effects on morphological systems. How do real data fit the theorethical definition of animacy? Do we observe different types of animacy? Which techniques are employed to encode it? Which categories and features are affected, and how? Data from more than 300 languages provide answers to these (and other) questions.
This book offers a comprehensive survey of the agreement phenomena found in written and spoken Arabic. It focuses on both the synchronic description of these agreement systems, and the diachronic question of how they evolved. To answer these questions, large amounts of data have been collected and analysed, ranging from 6th century poetry and Quranic Arabic to the contemporary dialects. The results presented by the authors of this research greatly improve our understanding of Arabic syntax, and challenge some well-established views. Can Arabic be envisioned as possessing more than only two genders? Are some contemporary dialects more similar to the pre-Classical version of the language than MSA is? And is the Standard rule prescribing feminine singular agreement with nonhuman plurals a more recent development than previously thought?
Resultative, End-state, Benefactive, Causative, Monitoring, and Directional
In this book, Eladio Mateo Toledo presents a description and analysis of resultatives, end-states, monitoring constructions, causatives, and directional constructions in the Mayan language Q’anjob’al spoken in the northwest of Guatemala. Although causatives (analyzed as clause union) and directionals (analyzed as serial verbs) have long been studied in Mayan languages, no Mayan language has been shown to have an extensive list of complex predicates. This volume contains the first coherent account of a series of complex predicates in a Mayan language. The book shows that complex predicates in Q’anjob’al use one of two predicative frames, a verb+verb frame or a nonverbal+verb frame, and that only five general parameters explain their formal and semantic properties.
Volume Editors: Nikolaos Lavidas and Kiki Nikiforidou
The volume brings together contributions by scholars working in different theoretical frameworks interested in systematic explanation of language change and the interrelation between current linguistic theories and modern analytical tools and methodology; the integrative basis of all work included in the volume is the special focus on phenomena at the interface of semantics and syntax and the implications of corpus-based, quantitative analyses for researching diachrony.
The issues addressed in the 13 papers include the following: explanations of change in the interface of semantics and syntax; universal constraints and principles of language change (e.g., economy, reanalysis, analogy) and the possibility of predicting language change; constructional approaches to change and their relation to corpus-based research; language contact as an explanation of change and approaches to historical bilingualism and language contact, all on the basis of empirical corpus findings; the challenges of creating diachronic corpora and the question of how quantitative linguistics and diachronic corpora inform explanations of language change variation.
Every article in Cahiers Chronos is reviewed by two peer-reviewers using the double-blind system.

The study of temporal reference represents a wide subject area with various and complex issues. The Cahiers Chronos series proposes collected studies representative of the diversity of approaches in the field of temporal semantics.
The reader will find here, for example, studies on the temporality of the verb in general, particular verb tenses, aspect and actionality, temporal subordination, or the interaction between tense and temporal complementation.
The diversity of theoretical approaches (temporal logic, Vendler’s ontology, pragmatics, relevance theory, Guillaume’s model, etc.) and the survey of languages (among which, French, English, German, Spanish and many others) generate interesting and sometimes unexpected points of view on a subject area that nowadays captivates many linguists and scholars.

L'étude de la référence temporelle constitue un domaine très vaste où se dégagent des problématiques diverses et complexes. La collection Cahiers Chronos propose des recueils d'articles - et à l'avenir également des monographies - représentatifs de la diversité des approches dans le domaine de la sémantique temporelle. Le lecteur y trouvera, entre autres, des études consacrées à la temporalité du verbe en général, à des temps verbaux particuliers (par exemple, le passé simple français ou le present perfect anglais), à la problématique de l'aspect et du mode d'action, aux subordonnées temporelles ou à l'interaction entre le temps du verbe et les compléments de temps. La diversité des approches théoriques (logique temporelle reichenbachienne, ontologie de Vendler, repérages énonciatifs de Culioli, modèle guillaumien, grammaire fonctionnelle de Dik, pragmasémantique de Kleiber, théorie de la pertinence, etc.) permet de jeter des regards intéressants et parfois inattendus sur un domaine qui passionne actuellement beaucoup de linguistes. La collection ne s'intéresse pas seulement à la linguistique française; on y trouve aussi des études consacrées à l'anglais, l'allemand, les langues slaves ou la linguistique comparée.
The electronic version of the Cahiers Chronos series.

Every article in Cahiers Chronos is reviewed by two peer-reviewers using the double-blind system.

The study of temporal reference represents a wide subject area with various and complex issues. The Cahiers Chronos series proposes collected studies representative of the diversity of approaches in the field of temporal semantics.
The reader will find here, for example, studies on the temporality of the verb in general, particular verb tenses, aspect and actionality, temporal subordination, or the interaction between tense and temporal complementation.
The diversity of theoretical approaches (temporal logic, Vendler’s ontology, pragmatics, relevance theory, Guillaume’s model, etc.) and the survey of languages (among which, French, English, German, Spanish and many others) generate interesting and sometimes unexpected points of view on a subject area that nowadays captivates many linguists and scholars.

L'étude de la référence temporelle constitue un domaine très vaste où se dégagent des problématiques diverses et complexes. La collection Cahiers Chronos propose des recueils d'articles - et à l'avenir également des monographies - représentatifs de la diversité des approches dans le domaine de la sémantique temporelle. Le lecteur y trouvera, entre autres, des études consacrées à la temporalité du verbe en général, à des temps verbaux particuliers (par exemple, le passé simple français ou le present perfect anglais), à la problématique de l'aspect et du mode d'action, aux subordonnées temporelles ou à l'interaction entre le temps du verbe et les compléments de temps. La diversité des approches théoriques (logique temporelle reichenbachienne, ontologie de Vendler, repérages énonciatifs de Culioli, modèle guillaumien, grammaire fonctionnelle de Dik, pragmasémantique de Kleiber, théorie de la pertinence, etc.) permet de jeter des regards intéressants et parfois inattendus sur un domaine qui passionne actuellement beaucoup de linguistes. La collection ne s'intéresse pas seulement à la linguistique française; on y trouve aussi des études consacrées à l'anglais, l'allemand, les langues slaves ou la linguistique comparée.
The disappearance of the French simple past has been hotly debated since the early 20th century. This volume offers an overview of its fortunes since French emerged as a language, provides a description of its distinctive features, and discusses the potential impact of its supposed demise on the whole French verb system. These assumptions are tested against a large corpus of contemporary texts. The study concludes that, despite the erosion of its meaning and its increasingly infrequent use, the simple past tense is still used by native speakers in various contexts, and no single substitute has yet emerged. Nevertheless, the simple past may be evolving into a stylistic marker, making it fertile ground for future cross-linguistic studies.
In: The Decline of the French Passé Simple
In: The Decline of the French Passé Simple
In: The Decline of the French Passé Simple