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Swahili Poetry of Commitment by Ustadh Mahmoud Mau
The present volume is a pioneering collection of poetry by the outstanding Kenyan poet, intellectual and imam Ustadh Mahmmoud Mau (1952 - ) from Lamu island, once an Indian Ocean hub, now on the edge of the nation state. By means of poetry in Arabic script, the poet raises his voice against social ills and injustices troubling his community on Lamu. The book situates Mahmoud Mau’s oeuvre within transoceanic exchanges of thoughts so characteristic of the Swahili coast. It shows how Swahili Indian Ocean intellectual history inhabits an individual biography and writings while also portraying a unique African Muslim thinker and his poetry in the local language, which has so often been neglected as major site for critical discourse in Islamic Africa. The authors’ approaches highlight the relevance of local epistemologies as archives for understanding the relationship between reform Islam and local communities in contemporary Africa.
The selected poetry is clustered around the following themes: jamii: societal topical issues, ilimu: the importance of education, huruma: social roles and responsabilities, matukio: biographical events and maombi: supplications. Prefaced by Prof. Rayya Timamy (Nairobi University), the volume includes contributions by Jasmin Mahazi, Kai Kresse and Kadara Swaleh, Annachiara Raia and Clarissa Vierke.
Following the traces first left by The Arabic Literature of Africa volume 3A published in 2003, this widely enlarged and precisely updated edition of that pioneering work aims at providing a full-fledged and meticulously detailed reference book on the literature produced and circulated by the Muslim communities of the Horn of Africa. This entirely revised version of ALA3A makes use of the absolutely fresh data discovered and collected by the editors from 2013 to 2018 the framework of the ERC-funded project Islam in the Horn of Africa: A Comparative Literary Approach and draws a new comprehensive picture of the textual production of the Islamic scholars of the Horn of Africa since its first attestations until the present time.

Contributors
Sara Fani, Alessandro Gori, Adday Hernández, John M. Larsen, Irmeli Perho and Michele Petrone.
In The Cooing of the Dove and the Cawing of the Crow Suzanne Pinckney Stetkevych offers original translations, close readings, and new interpretations of selected poems from the two contrasting diwans of the blind Late ʿAbbāsid master-poet, Abū al-ʿAlāʾ al-Maʿarrī (d. 449 H./1057 C.E.). The first is Saqṭ al-Zand (Sparks of the Flint), the highly esteemed collection of qaṣīdah poetry of his youth, which he later disavowed. The second is Luzūm Mā Lā Yalzam (Requiring What Is Not Required), the programmatic double-rhymed collection from his later period of withdrawal and seclusion. She argues that the contrasting ‘poetics of engagement’ and ‘poetics of disengagement’ of the two diwans reflect the transition from High Classical to Post Classical aesthetics.
Author: Hasan Kujjah
الفهارس العامة لموسوعة حلب الشهباء في عيون الشعراء: (المجلد الرابع والأخير من الموسوعة) في هذا المجلّد يصنف حسن قجّـة الفهارس ضمن 8 فصول، ثلاثة منها لفهارس الأعلام (أعلام الشعراء، الأعلام العرب، الأعلام غير العرب)، واثنان منها لفهارس الأماكن (فهرس للدول والمدن والبلدات والمناطق الطبيعية، وفهرس آخر للأماكن الواقعة ضمن مدينة حلب)، وفهرس للقوافي، ثم فهارس الموضوعات في النهاية وتتضمن فهارس كافة المجلدات، لتمكين القارئ من رؤية شاملة لفهارس الموضوعات في الموسوعة بأكملها.

Aleppo through Poets' Eyes: Index Volume contains 8 indices, three of which are of personal names (poets, Arab names, non-Arab names), and two for place names (an index for countries, cities, towns and natural areas, another one for places located within the city of Aleppo), and an index of rhymes. The volume concludes with a general thematic index. These indices cover all volumes, and present a comprehensive search tool for the entire encyclopedia.
Author: Hasan Kujjah
في كتاب حلب في كتابات المؤرّخين والباحثين والزوّار والأدباء يسعى حسن قجّـة إلى تسليط الضوء على التاريخ العريق لمدينة حلب من خلال الأوصاف والانطباعات والشهادات التي كتبها حولها مئات المؤرّخين والزوّار والأدباء من أنحاء العالم، عبر 15 قرناً. ويرصد الكتاب علاقة هذه النصوص بالأوجُه الحضارية المتعددة للمدينة، التي تُعرّف عراقتُها بالمفهوم الزمني التاريخي المديد والمتنوع، وبمفهوم الإرث الثقافيّ الواسع بأشكاله الماديّة وغير الماديّة، وبمفهوم الطابع التعدّدي المنفتح الذي رافق المدينة عبر معظم مراحلها التاريخية. ويهدف الكتاب إلى استقصاء القيمة الفعليّة والرمزيّة لمدينة حلب في نظر تلك الكتابات، من النواحي الموضوعية بصورةٍ رئيسة، ومن النواحي العاطفية في بعض الأحيان.
ويُستهلّ الكتاب بتقديم لمحةٍ عن تاريخ مدينة حلب، معزّزةٍ بملحقٍ للصور، كما يوْرِد عناوين مئات المؤلفات التي كُتبت عن حلب، أكثرها تتمحور حولها بالتحديد، وبعضُها يتحدث عنها في سياقاتٍ متّصلة.

Aleppo in the Writings of Historians, Scholars, Visitors and Literati sheds light on the ancient history of Aleppo, through descriptions, impressions and testimonies written by hundreds of historians, visitors, and writers, from across the globe, and over a time span of fifteen centuries.
In this book, Hasan Kujjah discusses the relationship of these texts with the various civilizational aspects of the city, whose authenticity is characterized by its long existence, broad cultural heritage (in both tangible and intangible forms), and the open, pluralistic character, that distinguished the city through most of its historical stages.
The book begins by providing an overview of the history of Aleppo, is supplemented by an appendix of photos, and lists the titles of hundreds of books written about the city.
Author: Riffi Daoud

Résumé

L’histoire du wahhabisme est le parent pauvre de l’historiographie francophone. Le sujet, plus souvent abordé des points de vue géopolitique et sociologique, n’est que rarement abordé dans son histoire longue, et encore moins depuis le prisme de l’histoire intellectuelle. La parution de la version française du livre de Natana Delong-Bas, Islam wahhabite, qui se caractérise par de nombreuses faiblesses, est l’occasion de faire ici un bilan historiographique : que sait-on de l’émergence du wahhabisme, de la personnalité et de l’œuvre de son fondateur ? Comment écrire cette histoire qui s’inscrit dans celle, plus large, du taǧdīd ? Quelles relations le wahhabisme entretint-il avec les courants réformateurs héritiers, concomitamment, de l’œuvre d’Ibn ʿArabī et Ibn Taymiyya ? La présente note critique est également l’occasion de revenir sur les écueils et enjeux du travail d’écriture et d’interprétation du wahhabisme, doctrine proprement révolutionnaire. Par bien des aspects, le livre de Natana Delong-Bas s’inscrit dans une historiographie plus ancienne – à la fois présente dans des courants de la salafiyya et dans l’orientalisme – établissant une dichotomie entre le wahhabisme et Ibn ʿAbd al-Wahhāb, et pensant l’œuvre de ce dernier comme une tentative de sursaut dans un cadre général de décadence généralisée du monde musulman. Le présent article vise à déconstruire ce récit, problématique à plus d’un titre.

In: Arabica
In: Arabica

Abstract

The problem of anthropomorphism has been an important source of the conflict between traditionalism and rationalism in Islamic theology. Theologians have had to reconcile the anthropomorphic expressions about God in the Koran and hadiths with their conceptions of His unity (tawḥīd) and transcendence (tanzīh). The Māturīdite theologian Abū l-Yusr al-Bazdawī devoted several chapters of his Uṣūl al-dīn to dealing with the problem. He lays the mainly rational grounds for God’s incomparability and incorporeality before turning to the anthropomorphic expressions, some of which he interprets symbolically, and others simply accepts. He also refutes the later Karrāmite idea that God is “elevated,” which creates ambivalence in his position towards the Prophet’s Ascension. His negotiation between the traditionalist and rationalist approaches to the topic highlights the impact of his intellectual environment on his thought as well as the rise of Māturīdite theology in Transoxania.

In: Arabica