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Yiddish-Slavic Language Contact and its Linguistic Outcome
Yiddish, the language of Eastern-European Jews, has so far been mostly described as Germanic within the framework of the traditional, divergence-based Language Tree Model. Meanwhile, advances in contact linguistics allow for a new approach, placing the idiom within the mixed language spectrum, with the Slavic component playing a significant role. So far, the Slavic elements were studied as isolated, adstratal borrowings. This book argues that they represent a coherent system within the grammar. This suggests that the Slavic languages had at least as much of a constitutive role in the inception and development of Yiddish as German and Hebrew. The volume is copiously illustrated with examples from the vernacular language.
With a contribution of Anna Pilarski, University of Szczecin.
Leben und Sterben einer polnisch-jüdischen Stadt: Tarnów 1918–1945
Series:  FOKUS, Volume: 5
Dies ist die Geschichte einer Stadt in Polen, Tarnów, in den Jahren 1918–1945, in der die Hälfte der Bevölkerung vor dem Zweiten Weltkrieg jüdisch war. Die große Mehrheit der Juden in Polen lebte in Städten und ihre Geschichte eröffnet eine alternative Sichtweise auf die Geschichte Polens.
Das Buch erzählt über den Alltag des multiethnischen Tarnów, überschreitet aber zeitliche Zäsuren und beschreibt, wie das soziale Gewebe zerriss, als die Deutschen 1939 einmarschierten. Diese Studie zeigt auf, wie sich das Verhältnis der nichtjüdischen Polen zu ihren jüdischen Nachbarn während des Holocaust wandelte und wie letztere um ihr Überleben kämpften. Durch das Prisma einer Stadt werden die wichtigsten Fragen polnisch-jüdischer Beziehungsgeschichte gestellt, u.a. zur Rolle der nichtjüdischen Polen während des Holocaust und zum Antisemitismus im Polen der Nachkriegszeit.
This source-reader invites you to encounter the world of one thousand years of Jewish self-government in eastern Europe. It tells about the beginnings in the Middle Ages, delves into the unfolding of communal hierarchies and supra-communal representation in the early modern period, and reflects on the impact of the partitions of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and of growing state interference, as well as on the communist and post-communist periods. Translated into English from Hebrew, Latin, Yiddish, Polish, Russian, German, and other languages, in most cases for the first time, the sources illustrate communal life, the interdependence of civil and religious leadership, the impact of state legislation, Jewish-non-Jewish encounters, reform projects and political movements, but also Jewish resilience during the Holocaust.
In: Sources on Jewish Self-Government in the Polish Lands from Its Inception to the Present
In: Sources on Jewish Self-Government in the Polish Lands from Its Inception to the Present
In: Sources on Jewish Self-Government in the Polish Lands from Its Inception to the Present
In: Sources on Jewish Self-Government in the Polish Lands from Its Inception to the Present
In: Sources on Jewish Self-Government in the Polish Lands from Its Inception to the Present
In: Sources on Jewish Self-Government in the Polish Lands from Its Inception to the Present
In: Sources on Jewish Self-Government in the Polish Lands from Its Inception to the Present