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In the history of the twentieth century, Futurism marked the birth of the avant-garde and major artistic and literary changes. Although it first appeared in Italy and Russia, it developed in Poland between 1918 and 1929. The vast documentation and texts, most of them previously unpublished, that we have brought together in this volume constitute the most complete collection ever published on Polish Futurism. A rich critical apparatus and iconography from the 1920s complete the work.

Dans l'histoire du XXe siècle, le futurisme marque la naissance des avant-gardes et des grandes mutations artistiques et littéraires. S'il apparaît d'abord en Italie et en Russie, il se développe en Pologne entre 1918 et 1929. La vaste documentation et les textes, pour la plupart inédits que nous avons réunis dans ce volume constituent l'ensemble le plus complet jamais édité sur le futurisme polonais. Un riche appareil critique et une iconographie des années 1920 complètent l'ouvrage.
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The title concept ‘in-between’ (metaxu) refers to identity that remains in perpetual disjunction, dispersion and crisis. This book proves that ‘in-between’ is not an empty space, but a productive mode of creating new qualities, experiences, ideas and representations. The authors of individual chapters interpret selected aspects of metaxu in relevant to contemporary cultural communication areas, i.e. linguistic and more broadly semiotic, and make contemporary discourses the object of exploration. Most of the analyses are based on the Polish-language linguistic context; however, they refer to a universal perspective of culture and communication.

Abstract

This chapter discusses aspects of online discourse concerned with female body care and beautification. This discourse, taking place in the Polish beauty blogosphere, is a part of the discourse on enhancing the female body, which is, on the one hand, desired by women, but on the other, seems to be a sort of social duty imposed upon them. In the paper, discourse is identified, according to the tradition of German discourse studies, as a group of mutually related utterances which interact with each other. This means that discourse is treated as a transtextual category, an abstract structure of intertextual relations and also a type of social interaction entered into by different representatives of social groups that represent diversified attitudes, opinions and interests. The Polish beauty blogosphere is shown to be a type of discourse community, existing in virtual space, gathered around the topic of beauty care and body beautification, with specific lexis, ways of communicating and discursive strategies.

In: In-Between: Transversal Values in Contemporary Social Discourses and Culture

Abstract

The article presents preliminary results of research on the influence of gender (of senders) on the way of creating macroacts of a request. Its author adopts a binary gender division, i.e., she takes into account only male and female genders. This is due to the nature of the collected linguistic material, in which the senders of the analysed requests define themselves (or are presented in a given cultural text) either as women or men. However, in the text, attention was paid to the multidimensionality of the concept of gender, and different types of gender, distinguished on the basis of various criteria (cf. socio-cultural gender, biological sex, for example genetic, genital or phenotypic) were indicated. Due to the complexity of the concept under discussion, the author considers whether it is justified to use the terms biolect and genderlect in relation to languages of gender. The article also includes the characteristics of the title directives, including the acts of request, order and proposal. In the last part of the text, the author presents the preliminary results of a comparative analysis of the macroacts of requests made by women and by men. She also formulates research hypotheses that require verification at subsequent stages of research.

In: In-Between: Transversal Values in Contemporary Social Discourses and Culture

Abstract

The purpose of this chapter is to answer the question whether the age of the originator affects the way of asking, i.e., the linguistic shape of the macroact of a request. To verify this, the author carries out a comparative analysis of the macroacts of requests verbalised by representatives of two—in some way—extreme generations, i.e., seniors and adolescents. The introductory subchapters contain information on how to define the boundaries of the surveyed generations, the short semantic and pragmatic characteristics of the request as well as definitions of the generation term. The author states that the request can be implemented in the form of a speech macroact and lists 9 distinguished by herself components of the request macroact with the primary function of supporting this speech act/ the request’s macroact components of primary function supporting this speech act (CFSR for short). In the most important part of the chapter, the author indicates selected differences between the macroacts of requests created by representatives of the surveyed generations. She mainly discusses how the statement of a request function is constructed, such as the number and types of CFSR s used in it. She associates the specific features of macroacts created by senders belonging to different age groups with certain features ascribed to humans at particular stages of ontogenesis.

In: In-Between: Transversal Values in Contemporary Social Discourses and Culture

Abstract

The primary aim of this chapter is to present crucial determinants of life and fiction in the postmodern Polish “denunciations of reality” in the light of the metaxu concept. “Denunciations of reality” are identified with chosen postmodern Polish book reportages, which create a genre pattern with a specific structure, pragmatics, a subject matter and concrete linguistic features. The genre of reportage is deeply embedded in culture. It describes elements of the culture of a given society, specific behaviours that are part of the traditions and customs of all nationalities. Through book reportages, it is possible to learn about the cultural heritage of a given nation, their religion, language, as well as various socio-political problems. The term life relates to factual reporting, verifiable content, ordinary people, current events, and significant social cultural and political issues culture, whereas fiction is connected with narrative rhetorical techniques and symbolics, which are important when exploring borderline issues. The author discusses the space between life and fiction, using the tools of quantitative linguistics, which reveal linguistic characteristics of the journalistic, scientific, and literary styles. The analysed postmodern reportages, which are a realisation of the genre pattern, are the following four texts: Czwarty pożar Teheranu [The Fourth Fire of Teheran] by Marek Kęskrawiec (2010), Krasnojarsk zero [Krasnoyarsk Zero] by Bartosz Jastrzębski and Jędrzej Morawiecki (2012), Dom and rzeką Loes [The House by the River Loes] by Mateusz Janiszewski (2014), and Wielki przypływ [The Great Tide] by Jarosław Mikołajewski (2015).

In: In-Between: Transversal Values in Contemporary Social Discourses and Culture

Abstract

The main objective of the chapter is to present the ways in which Polish immigrants in London apply specific acculturation strategies, with special attention paid to their reflections on personal experiences of living in a foreign-speaking community and learning its culture. Acculturation can be understood as the process of second-culture learning and at the individual level, it refers to the socialisation process by which not-dominant culture individuals (foreign-born or people representing ethnic/national minorities) combine their native values, norms and behaviour patterns with those of the dominant/host culture. The study is based on a structured interview method and it reveals, among others, that Polish immigrants apply various acculturation strategies and the strategies can differ between their private and public life spheres. Moreover, the analysis shows that there are numerous aspects contributing to the potential development of individual’s multicultural integrated identity which is the most desirable result of effective acculturation. An equally important aim is to present acculturation process theories, especially that formulated by J.W. Berry, to a wide range of readers.

In: In-Between: Transversal Values in Contemporary Social Discourses and Culture

Abstract

The space where language as a product of culture and the extralinguistic reality defined as nature meet is a place of incubation for many borderline phenomena, including, among others, ecolinguistics. The chapter considers the link between nature and culture as represented by newspaper articles concerning climate change. The focus of the study is on the attitudes towards environmental problems conveyed through diversified linguistic devices and the overall portrayal of ecological issues. The paper explores the significance of the representation of environmental topics, especially of climate change, and the possible consequences of diversified manners of said representation. The variables taken into account in the study include the language of the press—Polish and English (US), as well as their political spectrum—liberal and conservative. The material exemplifying and supporting the arguments in the study comprises 4 newspapers—Polityka, Gazeta Polska, The New York Times, and National Review. The methodology employed consists of tools made available by corpus software with the aim of identifying patterns that influence the relationship between the culture and the environment, especially within the context of climate change.

In: In-Between: Transversal Values in Contemporary Social Discourses and Culture
Author:

Abstract

The chapter is based on the analysis of contemporary trends occurring in educational discourse and affecting its transformations. For the purposes of the present findings, a narrow understanding of educational discourse is adopted, understood as a communicative practice occurring within socially modelled educational situations, taking into account the need for knowledge transfer from a professional sender to a non-professional receiver. Pointing to contemporary changes in both the purpose of education and its methods (the shift from teaching as cultural transmission to learning as an active process of knowledge construction), the extremely important role of interactivity and relationality is discussed. This applies both to interaction in terms of the main discourse actors (teacher-student) and interaction with digital interfaces as indispensable tools for knowledge creation.

In: In-Between: Transversal Values in Contemporary Social Discourses and Culture

Abstract

Human language is a system of arbitrary rules governing arbitrary properties and symbols. Language puts together the following ways of expressing speech as well as written and gestural cues with meanings. To communicate, people code and decode context embedded in the intended messages. They create social worlds whose cultural and linguistic backgrounds differ. In the course of interaction, interlocutors try to understand each other. Their choice of (para)linguistic cues can help them approximate and establish the positive inter-human borderland, the metaxú sphere. The linguistic cues used for this purpose can be divided into interlocutor-centred, topic-centred and meta-conversation-centred. Likewise, mentor-mentee interaction of a post-lesson observation feedback session type can be divided into educative, supportive and evaluative frames. The educative frame helps develop mentees’/trainee’s knowledge, skills, competence, beliefs, and predisposition to ambitious/challenging teaching by means of productive conversational interaction. This study adopts an interactional sociolinguistic approach to analyse conversational discourse in academic settings. The corpus are transcripts of three post-lesson observation feedback sessions whose microanalysis via the abovementioned framework, pairing six types of cues, cast light on a mentor’s conversational style. This analysis reveals that this supervisor’s utterances of educative, supportive and evaluative frames are topic-centred. This framework can serve as an awareness raising and a self-assessment tool for (preservice) teacher educators, language students and prospective language teachers.

In: In-Between: Transversal Values in Contemporary Social Discourses and Culture