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An identification guide to larval remains from lake sediments
This guide to Chironomidae larval remains from lake sediments in the Western and Eastern Carpathians is a result of decades of passionate research, and hundreds of fieldtrips to mountain lakes in Slovakia, Poland, Ukraine, and Romania. These lakes situated in a fascinating scenery of the Carpathians Mountains are not only breathtakingly beautiful but also important for paleolimnological reconstructions of past nature processes. The guide brings identification keys for over 100 chironomid taxa from six subfamilies recorded in more than 70 lakes. The species, morphotypes and genera, documented with numerous photos, follow up-to-date taxonomy and they are preceded by a general introduction on the area of focus as well as the history of chironomid research in the Carpathians. Ecological knowledge and most plausible palaeoecological interpretations are summarized for every genus/morphotype. The Subfossil Chironomidae of the Western and Eastern Carpathians is a essential handbook for chironomid fanatics, teachers and students of aquatic ecology and palaeoecology, but also for ecologists, and conservationists working in the Carpathians.

Abstract

Wooden ceilings were among the earliest wooden constructions in wooden houses, and stone and brick buildings. In Austria, a special type of wooden ceiling is known as the Riemenbalkendecke. In Waidhofen, in the Ybbs region, these constructions are decorated with chip carvings, year numbers, and letters. There has been no systematic study on this type of ceiling in Austria. In this study, all houses in Waidhofen an der Ybbs built before 1900 were surveyed, and their ceiling constructions described. Riemenbalkendecken decorated with chip carvings and moldings appeared in 1465 CE and lasted for almost 300 years. The number of carved years was verified using dendrochronological dating. Different chip carving patterns were identified. The letters on ten ceilings can be attributed to the initials of the house owners at the time the ceiling was installed. None of the chip carvings can be attributed to ornaments that were common at the time. The art of the chip carvings on the wooden ceilings represents a special language of form.

Open Access
In: International Journal of Wood Culture
Contribution to a Dialectical Anthropology
Author:
Translator:
In view of the new forays from biology into the Humanities, this book aims not only to demonstrate the inconsistencies of the theory of evolution in addressing cultural dynamics, but also to offer an alternative that begins from a resumption of the dialogue between anthropology and historical materialism in which dialectics reintroduces itself to anthropology from different premises and the role of symbolic language within materialism is reevaluated.
In: The Excluded Third
In: The Excluded Third
In: The Excluded Third
In: The Excluded Third
Free access
In: International Journal of Wood Culture