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In 1906, Jan Łukasiewicz, a great logician, published his classic dissertation on the concept of cause, containing not only a thorough reconstruction of the title concept, but also a systematization of the analytical method. It sparked an extremely inspiring discussion among the other representatives of the Lvov-Warsaw School. The main voices of this discussion are supplemented here with texts of contemporary Polish philosophers. They show how the concept of cause is presently functioning in various disciplines and point to the topicality of Łukasiewicz’s method of analysis.
This book of original papers offers some fresh approaches to skepticism–a topic in philosophy with a noble two-millennia history; and one that even inaugurated modern philosophy in Descartes’s Meditations. Particularly with the rise of scientific forms or models of philosophy, skepticism today is often treated as a dead-end not worthy of serious reflection. In contrast to this prevailing attitude, the skepticisms discussed in these pages are alive. Here are assembled leading thinkers who claim at least some forms of skepticism to be true (e.g. skepticism about ethics or metaphysics) or insightful enough to be a lasting source of philosophical enlightenment and inspiration.
Lawāmiʿ al-Naẓar fī Taḥqīq Maʿānī al-Mukhtaṣar is Aḥmad b. Yaʿqūb al-Wallālī's (d. 1128/1716) commentary on al-Sanūsī's (d. 895/1490) compendium of logic, al-Mukhtaṣar. Al-Wallālī was the first commentator on al-Sanūsī's compendium after the author's autocommentary. In this publication, Ibrahim Safri offers a critical edition of this work, together with a study of the author's life and oeuvre.
Safri also tries to show the indirect influence of Avicennism on logic in the Maghribī tradition in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. On the basis of his writings on logic and philosophical theology, al-Wallālī was considered a master of rational sciences by his contemporaries.
In: Commentary on the Jumal on Logic by Khūnajī
In: Commentary on the Jumal on Logic by Khūnajī
Zwölf Studien über Freges Logik
Dieser Band vereinigt zwölf zentrale Beiträge von Christian Thiel zur Logik Gottlob Freges aus vier Jahrzehnten. Christian Thiel ist ein national und international hochgeschätzter Pionier der Fregeforschung. Mit seinen seit Mitte der 1960er Jahre vorgelegten Frege-Studien initiierte und beförderte er eine signifikante Umorientierung der damaligen mathematischen und philosophischen Auseinandersetzung mit dem Werk des Jenenser Mathematikers Gottlob Frege (1848–1925), einem der Begründer der modernen Logik. Christian Thiel prägt seit jener Zeit richtungsweisend eine spezifische Form der Behandlung des Fregeschen Werkes: systematisch interessiert vor allem an Problemstellungen in Logik, Philosophie der Mathematik und Wissenschaftstheorie, philologisch genau und historisch sensibel mit einem besonderen Augenmerk auf die Einbettung Freges in die mathematik-, logik- und philosophiehistorischen Kontexte seiner Zeit. Die Beiträge erlauben es, diesen kontextuellen Zugang nachzuvollziehen.
The Impact, Spread and Decline of the Calculatores Tradition
Volume Editors: Daniel A. Di Liscia and Edith D. Sylla
Aristotelian philosophy is generally regarded as incompatible with the mathematical methods and principles that form the basis of modern science. This book offers an entirely new perspective on this presumed incompatibility. It surveys the tradition of the Oxford Calculators from its beginnings in the fourteenth century until Leibniz and the philosophy of the seventeenth century and explores how the Calculators' techniques of quantification expanded the conceptual and methodological limits of Aristotelianism. In the process, it examines a large number of authors, some of them never studied in this context. Exploring the relationship between various late medieval disciplines, the book sheds new light on the problem of continuity vs. discontinuity between scholasticism and modern science. Beyond its historiographical purpose, this book also hopes to be a source of inspiration for present-day philosophers of science.
In: Quantifying Aristotle