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Genèse et problématiques
Cet ouvrage analyse la genèse de la notion d’adab, quelques grandes œuvres fondatrices depuis le milieu du 19° siècle, la constitution des grands genres à partir des grands modèles classiques mis au contact de la littérature occidentale. Il traite également de la fonction dévolue à la littérature dans la compréhension du sens de la vie. Il insiste particulièrement sur l’engagement de la littérature dans l’identification des principaux obstacles à la modernisation des structures sociales, politiques et culturelles, à la démocratie, au rapport individu/collectif. Il met en lumière certains grands combats: pour l’indépendance l’altérité, l’universalisme et la créativité. Cet ouvrage traite la culture arabe comme totalité, sans privilégier un pays ou, comme c’est l’habitude, le critère religieux, à savoir l’islam.

This work analyses the emergence of the notion of adab, some major foundational works from the mid-19th century onwards, and the formation of major genres based on the cross-fertilisation of the iconic classical models and Western literature. It also deals with the function assigned to literature in understanding the meaning of life. The volume particularly emphasizes the commitment of literature to the identification of the main obstacles to the modernization of social, political and cultural structures, democracy, and the individual/collective relationship. It highlights certain major struggles: for independence, otherness, universalism and creativity. This work has a holistic approach to Arab culture, without favouring a country or, as is usual, the religious criterion, namely Islam.

Abstract

Many Jewish communities around the world have maintained a special site, known as a genizah, for discarding written materials. This article focuses on the genizah of the town of Safed in the Galilee. At the end of the sixteenth century, the Safed Genizah preserved Hebrew manuscripts written by Ḥayyim Vital (d. 1620), foremost student of the influential kabbalist Yitsḥaḳ Luria (d. 1572). These manuscripts were excavated and edited in the mid-seventeenth century and became authoritative texts in the history of Jewish esotericism. My study describes Vital’s burial of his manuscripts and the editorial efforts of the Jewish scholars who followed him, particularly Avraham Azulai (d. 1643) in Hebron and Ya‘akov Tsemaḥ (d. 1666) and his fellowship in Jerusalem. Through analysis of their rhetoric and scribal practices, I explore the ethical, philological, and material aspects of this chapter in the pre-history of Genizah research.

Open Access
In: Philological Encounters
Beautifying the Ugly and Uglifying the Beautiful by Abū Manṣūr al-Thaʿālibī (d. 429/1038)
In his Beautifying the Ugly and Uglifying the Beautiful (Taḥsīn al-qabīḥ wa-taqbīḥ al-ḥasan) the prolific anthologist al-Thaʿālibī (d. 429/1038) offers a thematically arranged selection of Arabic poems and prose anecdotes or sayings with contrary or paradoxical purport, such as praise of miserliness, boredom, sickness, and death, or condemnation of generosity, intelligence, youth, and music. The book is both entertaining and informative, giving insight in premodern Arab and Islamic culture. It contains a new edition of the Arabic text and a complete English translation (the first in any language) with extensive annotation, preceded by an introduction with the necessary background of the genre.
Free access
In: Philological Encounters
In: Contrariness in Classical Arabic Literature
In: Contrariness in Classical Arabic Literature
In: Contrariness in Classical Arabic Literature
Author:
This groundbreaking work studies the Arabic literary culture of early modern Southeast Asia on the basis of largely unstudied and unknown manuscripts. It offers new perspectives on intellectual interactions between the Middle East and Southeast Asia, the development of Islam and especially Sufism in the region, the relationship between the Arabic and Malay literary traditions, and the manuscript culture of the Indian Ocean world. It brings to light a large number of hitherto unknown texts produced at or for the courts of Southeast Asia, and examines the role of royal patronage in supporting Arabic literary production in Southeast Asia.
In: Philological Encounters
In: Arabic Literary Culture in Southeast Asia in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries