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Distinguished Lectures in Cognitive Linguistics publishes the keynote lectures series given by prominent international scholars at the China International Forum on Cognitive Linguistics since 2004. Each volume contains the transcripts of 10 lectures under one theme given by an acknowledged expert on a subject, and readers have access to the audio recordings of the lectures through links in the e-book and QR-codes in the printed volume. This series provides a unique course on the broad subject of Cognitive Linguistics. Speakers include George Lakoff, Ronald Langacker, Leonard Talmy, Laura Janda, Dirk Geeraerts, Ewa Dąbrowska and many others.
In this book, Christopher Hart provides a comprehensive description of an applied form of Cognitive Linguistics in Cognitive Critical Discourse Analysis (Cognitive CDA). Cognitive CDA applies frameworks in cognitive linguistics in analyses of political texts and talk to highlight the ideological qualities and legitimating functions of conceptualisations associated with dominant discourse practices. Across the ten lectures, various frameworks in cognitive linguistics are applied, including cognitive grammar, conceptual semantics, conceptual metaphor theory and discourse space theory. Texts and talk from a variety of contexts and genres are analysed. In the final two lectures, Cognitive CDA is extended to multimodal data in the form of images and gestures.
Grundzüge einer semantischen Weltbeschreibung
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Weltbeschreibungen haben vor allem in Zeiten von Wahrnehmungsumbrüchen ihre Konjunktur. Man erhofft sich von ihnen Übersicht und bestenfalls Hilfestellung für kommende Weltgestaltungen. So erscheint es sinnvoll, aus sprachwissenschaftlicher und gerade auch sprachphilosophisch-theoretischer Sicht genauer nachzuschauen, wie diese Ansichten sich historisch entwickelt haben und wie sie heutzutage den öffentlichen Sprachraum prägen. Hilfestellung dafür können Autoren wie Wilhelm und Alexander von Humboldt, Ferdinand de Saussure, Augustinus und Ludwig Wittgenstein geben. Wie ist unser heutiges Weltwissen entstanden und wie zeigt sich dies im öffentlichen Gespräch? Das zweibändige Werk bietet einen Antwortversuch auf der semantischen Langstrecke.>br/> Im ersten Teil des ersten Bandes steht zunächst der ›Welt‹-Begriff in einer begriffsgeschichtlich-hermeneutischen Sprachanschauung im Mittelpunkt. Zur Kritik und Erwartung strukturalistisch gedachter Weltanordnung schließt sich ein zweiter Teil an, der dazu den öffentlichen Sprachraum untersucht.

Abstract

This essay establishes a connection between the late medieval fairy tale Der fünfmal getötete Pfarrer and the penitential of John of Erfurt. A critical examination of the state of research takes place and an alternative is offered. The tale can also be a critical examination of church rules that are ridiculously pushed to their limits.

In: Amsterdamer Beiträge zur älteren Germanistik

Abstract

Of the rhyming Apocalypse, which may have been written in Westphalia at the end of the thirteenth century, two abbreviated versions were made in North German monasteries in the fifteenth century, which were regularly used in the context of monastic reforms. A text edition of the second abridged version is presented here, as it appears in the manuscript Hannover Ms I 84a.

In: Amsterdamer Beiträge zur älteren Germanistik
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Abstract

Pragmatics has made a Copernican shift from Gricean intentional approaches to normative approaches based in commitments. This has been good news for assertions, and questions of several stripes, but we still don’t know whether the commitment approach can be extended to expressive speech acts in general, and exclamations in particular. In this article, I will show that an approach to exclamations based on commitments at different levels of meaning, namely, the descriptive and expressive level, can be devised and it can offer interesting answers to old issues, like the contribution of exclamations to discourse, or their at-issue status, while raising new theoretical and empirical questions on lying and deceiving and commitment strength.

In: International Review of Pragmatics

Abstract

In this paper, we review recent findings on the development of communicative behaviour of monolingual and bilingual toddlers and preschoolers. We describe how the unique experience of growing up with two (or more) languages affects children’s everyday experiences and the pragmatics of their communicative behaviour. Deriving from this literature, we introduce a novel perspective on children’s development of communicative behaviour (COMmmunicative-Experience, COME), discussing potential mechanisms behind this pragmatic behaviour. It assumes that children experience communicative situations of varying efficiency and that these experiences shape their communicative behaviour: The more experiences children have with non-effective communicative situations, the larger their communicative repertoire becomes and the more flexibly this repertoire can be applied in a given situation. Notably, the COME perspective is not limited to bilingual communicative development but can be applied to a variety of other pragmatic contexts. Therefore, we broaden the discussion by identifying open questions for future research.

In: International Review of Pragmatics
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In: International Review of Pragmatics

Abstract

The paper aims at studying how the discourse of the Iranian Supreme Leader communicates threat and how it presents the reality of Iran’s future in light of policy options. Our data comes from 50 speeches of the Iranian Supreme Leader, delivered between 2005–2020. Adopting the Proximisation Theory, we indicate that spatial and axiological threats are conceptualised in the SL’s discourse as encroaching upon the present and future to impact the Islamic Republic of Iran. But, at the same time, the SL’s discourse depicts the impact consequences as relatively remote from Iran’s present and possible to materialise in the future space provided that certain preliminary circumstances are fulfilled. In this regard, aiming to neutralise the construed threats, the SL’s discourse depicts the privileged vision of the future space involving hortatory preemptive policies. We indicate that the SL’s discourse employs the construal of threats to necessitate and justify taking up future-building preemptive policies.

In: International Review of Pragmatics