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Histoire et archéologie antiques et médiévales
Les Chrétiens de Najrān sont célèbres grâce à leur martyrs (en novembre 523) et à leurs relations avec la principauté théocratique fondée par Muḥammad à Médine en 622. Mais, jusqu’à ces dernières années, seule la tradition savante manuscrite, chrétienne et musulmane, prouvait leur existence. Ce n’est plus le cas désormais. Depuis 2014, d’importants vestiges archéologiques, principalement des inscriptions rupestres, peuvent leur être attribués.
La nature et la distribution chronologique de ces vestiges apportent de substantielles inflexions aux connaissances sur l’histoire de ces Chrétiens, encore influents au xe siècle, et sur les langues et les écritures en usage à Najrān.

The Christians of Najrān are known by their martyrdom (November 523), described in Christian sources. According to Muslim tradition, the community was in relation with the polity of Medina, founded by Muḥammad in 622. Recent archeological discoveries attest this community in more details and bring substantial changes to our knowledge. Situated between Yemen and Medina, Najrān was not only an influential Christian community persisting until the 10th century, but has seen remarkable transformations. The Christians of Najrān underwent developments, some of which find an echo in the Qurʾān, the earliest layer of Arabic script and the Muslim tradition.
Leadership, Charity, and Literacy
Author:
This book is a history of Ottoman Jews that challenges prevailing assumptions about Jews’ arrival in the empire, their relations with Muslims, and the role of religious and lay leaders. The book argues that rabbis played a less prominent role as communal and spiritual leaders than we have thought; and that the religious community was one of several frameworks within which Ottoman Jews operated. A focus on charitable and educational communal practices shows that with time Jews preferred to avoid the scrutiny of rabbis and the community, leading to private initiatives that undermined rabbinical and lay authority.
Author:
“The most important of all things sought.” Thus the Syriac Orthodox monk Rabban Daniel Ibn al-Ḥaṭṭāb describes the subject of The Principles of Religion, written in the 13th century, probably in South-East Anatolia. In this treatise, Rabban Daniel Ibn al-Ḥaṭṭāb systematically explained and defended fundamental commitments of Syriac Orthodox theology.
This volume provides an introduction, a critical edition of the Arabic text, an English translation, and extensive commentary on the influences on The Principles of Religion, particularly from Syriac sources. This editio princeps offers the reader a new window into the literary culture of the Syriac Orthodox Church during the years of the Syriac Renaissance.
This is the first critical edition and study of a unique and important Muslim polemic against Christians and Jews. The Book of Disputation was written in Arabic by a Mudejar (subject Muslim living under Christian rule in late medieval Iberia) and offers new insight into the cultural and intellectual life of this Muslim minority. The text advances arguments drawn from natural philosophy—largely from Aristotle and Averroes—along with more traditional revealed sources such as the Qurʾān and the Bible.
Mudejar communities suffered a diminution of religious and political intelligentsia over time. This text, however, highlights the author's particular conception of the world as the creation of God in his defense of Islam, demonstrates the vitality of intellectual life among Muslims in medieval Christian Iberia, and documents the continued cultivation of natural philosophy within these Muslim communities.
In: The Book of Disputation: A Mudejar Religious-Philosophical Treatise against Christians and Jews
In: The Book of Disputation: A Mudejar Religious-Philosophical Treatise against Christians and Jews
In: The Book of Disputation: A Mudejar Religious-Philosophical Treatise against Christians and Jews
In: The Book of Disputation: A Mudejar Religious-Philosophical Treatise against Christians and Jews
In: The Book of Disputation: A Mudejar Religious-Philosophical Treatise against Christians and Jews
In: The Book of Disputation: A Mudejar Religious-Philosophical Treatise against Christians and Jews