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This book discusses the role Western military books and their translations played in 17th-century Russia. By tracing how these translations were produced, distributed and read, the study argues that foreign military treatises significantly shaped intellectual culture of the Russian elite. It also presents Tsar Peter the Great in a new light – not only as a military and political leader but as a devoted book reader and passionate student of military science.
Empire and Environment, Soldiers and Civilians on the Eastern Front
This volume places the Eastern, especially the Austro-Russian, fronts of the Great War centre stage, examining the little-known environmental and spatial dimensions in the history of the war. The focus is particularly on the Austrian crown land of Galicia, which was transformed from a neglected periphery into a battleground of three imperial armies, and where for the first time, nature was a key protagonist.
The book balances contributions by emerging and established scholars, and benefits from a multi-language approach, expertise in the field, and extensive archival research in national archives.
Contributors are Hanna Bazhenova, Gustavo Corni, Iaroslav Golubinov, Kerstin Susanne Jobst, Tomasz Kargol, Alexandra Likhacheva, Oksana Nagornaia, David Novotny, Christoph Nübel, Gwendal Piégais, Andrea Rendl, Kamil Ruszała, Nicolas Saunders, Kerstin von Lingen, Yulia Zherdeva, and Liubov Zhvanko.
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These collected studies dedicated to the Orthodox monastic center of Mount Athos during the Middle Ages paint a compelling picture of the Holy Mountain’s monastic communities as economic actors.
Mount Athos’ rich archival holdings allow both for the minute scrutiny of economic activity and the tracing of long-term trends. Not only were Hagiorite monasteries major players on a local level, but were also embedded within trans-Mediterranean networks of patronage. The unique status of Mount Athos as a semi-autonomous monastic polity also influenced attitudes towards landholding as well as wealth and poverty more generally.
Contributors are Tinatin Chronz, Zachary Chitwood, Stefan Eichert , Martina Filosa, Mihai-D. Grigore, Michel Kaplan, Vladimer Kekelia, Kirill A. Maksimovič, Zisis Melissakis, Nicholas Melvani, Vanessa R. de Obaldia, Daniel Oltean, Nina Richards, Kostis Smyrlis, Apolon Tabuashvili, and Alexander Watzinger.
In the mid-1920s, Uzbekistan’s countryside experienced a ‘land reform’, which aimed at solving rural poverty and satisfying radical fringes among peasants and Party, while sustaining agricultural output, especially for cotton. This book analyses the decision-making process underpinning the reform, its implementation, and economic and social effects. The reform must be understood against the background of the wreckage caused by war and revolution, and linked to subsequent policies of ‘land organisation’ and regime-sponsored ‘class struggle’.
Overall, this is the first comprehensive account of early Soviet policy in Central Asia’s agricultural heartland, encompassing land rights, irrigation, credit, resettlement, and the co-operative system.
Politics and Culture, Textual Production
The study of the Rus and its religious shaping has been an on-going discussion from the time of the emergence of this field of study in the 19th century. These volumes bring to light, and to a wider readership, cutting edge research on the religious culture and politics of the Rus and at its periphery, as well as interdisciplinary approaches to the early production of Slavonic texts during and immediately after Christianisation. One of the two volumes is dedicated to the textual production and sources of the period. By highlighting work by scholars from and working in Eastern Europe, this publication is an invitation to a global academic dialogue by making new research on Rus culture and letters available in English.
The scope of the proposed series encompasses all Slavonic-speaking societies, polities and cultures. The series will cover all regions where Slavonic speakers and the Slavonic languages are (or were) active. This includes the Balkans, the Byzantine world (such as Greece and Turkey), the Caucasus and Central Asia. The series will feature reception studies and historiography as well as the role of diasporas in imagining and birthing new ‘Worlds of the Slavs’. Chronologically, the series will extend to the present day. Although explicitly focussed on historical studies, literature, art and visual culture also fall within the series‘ scope. One of the series’ primary aims is to provide a platform for scholars, including those from Eastern Europe and Eurasia, to publish in an English-language series and make their research accessible to a wider readership. The series will publish monographs as well as dictionaries, critical editions, textological studies and historical atlases.
Eine kommentierte Edition
Anna Wasa (1568–1625) war die Tochter des schwedischen Königs Johann III. und der polnischen Prinzessin Katarina Jagellonica. Sie wurde katholisch erzogen, konvertierte jedoch bereits 1583 zum Protestantismus und blieb bis an ihr Lebensende eine glühende Lutheranerin. Sie war eine umfassend gebildete und wissenschaftlich interssierte Frau, die in der Literatur auch „Königin der polnischen Botanik“ genannt wird. Als ihr Bruder Sigismund III. von Polen König wurde, begleitete sie ihn dorthin und starb ledig. Diese mit einer ausführlichen Einleitung versehene Edition versammelt erstmals Anna Wasas Korrespondenz – ein für die Kulturgeschichte der Frühen Neuzeit bedeutsamer Quellenbestand. Die auf Schwedisch, Deutsch und Polnisch verfassten Briefe werden alle durch Regesten in deutscher Sprache erschlossen.