This chapter first discusses the fundamental methodological problem of performing research and writing history in a postcolonial world. It reflects patterns of hegemony and epistemic violence, questions objectivity, and discusses the limits of our understanding of the Mesoamerican Other. This chapter briefly presents the available sources about Nahua culture and analyzes the main historiographical challenges. The theoretical background of the study is introduced, including the approaches of the Aesthetics of Religion, Visual Religion, and Material Religion, as well as the research on “sacred scripture” and material text practices. The study’s objectives are delineated and problems of inter- and multi-disciplinarity discussed.
This chapter summarizes the interpretative results of the study by drawing on its initial objectives and research questions. In short, the study aimed at reassessing previous academic representations of Nahua religion, scripture, and sense of reality in constant dialogue with the available primary sources. It began with revaluing common understandings of Nahua religion and ended up examining complex forms of Nahua being-in-the-world, analyzing the Nahua concept of scripture, reconstructing Nahua semiotics, and discerning their interrelations. The result is a complex interpretation of the Nahua sense of reality, Indigenous semiotics, and pictography as an expression of embodied meaning.