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In: CyberResearch on the Ancient Near East and Neighboring Regions
In: Vocatives
In: Revisiting Aspect and Aktionsart
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Abstract

This is the introductory chapter of this book, which primarily focuses on the theory of Lexical Functional Grammar (LFG) as it has developed since its inception in the late 1970s. The book examines the two syntactic structures of LFG, the constituent structure and the functional structure. It discusses the nature of the linguistic information they represent, the formal structures used to represent them, and the relation between the two structures. The book outlines the formal architecture of LFG. It provides the concepts of the theory more explicitly by presenting a series of sketches of the syntax and semantics of a range of representative linguistic phenomena.

In: Lexical Functional Grammar
In: Semantic Spaces of Persian Light Verbs
In: Experiments at the Interfaces
In: Functional Structure in Morphology and the Case of Nonfinite Verbs

Abstract

This introductory chapter presents an overview of the key concepts discussed in the book. The book seeks to develop a synchronic model of the interface between lexical semantics and pragmatic interpretation. It proposes a syntactic, semantic, pragmatic and diachronic analysis of four particles that are highly frequent in modern French, viz. the so-called phasal adverbs deja, encore, toujours, and enfin. First, the chapter explores the extent to which their different contemporary uses can and should be attributed to the existence of so many different coded meanings. Secondly, it discusses phasal adverbs in their various uses convey certain elements of meaning that are of a non-truth-conditional nature. Thirdly, the chapter examines how new uses of words become entrenched in a language. The question of entrenchment of new uses involves investigating how and why pragmatic elements of utterance interpretation may become semanticized. It involves a diachronic view on the semantics/pragmatics interface.

In: Particles at the Semantics/Pragmatics Interface
In: Evidentials in Ryukyuan: the Shuri Variety of Luchuan
In: The Semantics of Grammatical Dependencies