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Abstract

The historical, zooarchaeological and isotopic data concerning cattle breeding and management in the medieval Middle Nile Valley are considered in this paper in the first such comprehensive research for the region. The main source of data are the nearly 10,300 animal remains. The archaeozoological analyses focused primarily on cattle morphology. Strontium isotope analyses were used to indicate the local/non-local origin of animals encompassing the whole period studied. The empirical data indicate a developed central system of cattle management in medieval Makuria. Textual and iconographic sources additionally reflect an extensive set of values that have been experienced since prehistory in the Middle Nile and correspond to the anthropological definition of the “cattle centred behavior”. Comprehensive analysis of animal remains and the analysis of textual information enabled the formulation of a hypothesis about Makuria’s economic and cultural foundations rooted in the local tradition, constituting an important element of the Nubian identity.

In: Journal of African Archaeology
In: Rethinking Medieval Ireland and Beyond
In: Rethinking Medieval Ireland and Beyond
In: Rethinking Medieval Ireland and Beyond
In: Rethinking Medieval Ireland and Beyond
In: Rethinking Medieval Ireland and Beyond
In: Rethinking Medieval Ireland and Beyond