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Abstract

The “refugee crisis” after the 1947 Partition of British India generated new contestations over urban resources, especially for securing accommodation. It resulted in a proliferation of encampment laws and policies with outcomes at multiple levels: city, neighborhood, and community. This article traces the uneven geographies produced by Bombay’s encampment laws and the (spatial) politics of refugee rehabilitation. It focuses on the state’s use of “camps” to segregate impoverished refugees and consolidate the urban periphery. The article explores the interplay between law, space, and property to illustrate how refugee entitlements created and sustained various forms of power and precarity in the metropolis. Refugee camps provided “conditional access” to shelter for indigent Sindhi refugees and became markers of social identification. Middle-class Sindhi refugees, on the other hand, secured their place in the city by establishing cooperative housing societies. This article highlights how caste and regional distinctions in pre-Partition Sindh translated into class-based spatial divisions among the displaced Sindhis in post-colonial Bombay.

In: Journal of Sindhi Studies
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Abstract

This contribution aims to approach the theme of a traveling Islam by starting from moving people and considering how their religious “luggage”—in terms of beliefs, ideas, and practices—travels with them and what this means for the circulation of religious ideas in Africa and beyond. The paper focuses particularly on Senegalese migrants of the Murid Sufi order residing in Italy and the Netherlands; it investigates how their religious luggage is important to them in the migration context and may circulate further from there. In addition, it explores how their religious luggage is moulded in, and through, their migration experiences: for instance, its meaning may change, or another layer may be added. Finally, ideas on (the force of) the Muridiyya may travel back to Senegal, adding other layers to the meaning of religion there as well.

Open Access
In: Islamic Africa
Free access
In: Journal of Islamic Ethics
In: Muslim Religious Authority in Central Eurasia
In: Muslim Religious Authority in Central Eurasia
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Résumé

De ‘Alī ibn Muḥammad al-Jurjānī (740-816 /1340-1413) on connaît davantage sa maîtrise des subtilités des débats en matière de théologie argumentative que son approche du soufisme qui fait l’objet du présent article, à l’appui d’une documentation inédite fournie par quelques-uns de ses traités persans et complétée par son fameux livre des définitions Kitāb al-Taʿrīfāt ainsi sa glose sur Tasdīd al-Qawāʿid de Shams al-Dīn al-Iṣfahānī. Le but est d’éclairer l’attachement de l’auteur à la connaissance mystique et sa vénération pour les maîtres soufis, sur fond d’apologie de la théorie de l’unicité de l’Être (waḥdat al-wujūd) d’Ibn ‘Arabī et de son école, à une époque où la mystique spéculative akbarienne s’apprête à entrer en résonance avec la gnose philosophique iranienne, à la suite du déclin du kalām ashʿarite.

In: Studia Islamica
In: Muslim Religious Authority in Central Eurasia
Free access
In: Studia Islamica