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Author: Nicolas Quirion

Abstract

This study seeks to examine relations between Brazilian inhabitants of favelas and Angolan immigrants in the Maré district of Rio de Janeiro through the performance of a theatrical creation: Hoje não saio daqui. Some of the questions raised in the play relate to ethnographic data from fieldwork to explore the nature of relations between Angola and Brazil, two Portuguese-speaking countries connected by the South Atlantic Ocean.

In: Lusotopie
Author: Andréa Lobo

Résumé

L’objectif de cet article est de réfléchir à deux aspects centraux pour comprendre la valeur de la mobilité dans la société capverdienne : les processus de production de familiarité et leur relation avec les valeurs du foyer et du vivre ensemble. J’observe un contexte dans lequel les déplacements sont structurants, les familles étant impliquées dans des circulations à différents niveaux. J’analyse cet univers à partir de deux axes : les trajectoires de mobilité et la construction de proximité dans cet univers marqué par une circulation importante de personnes, de choses, de valeurs et d’argent. Les données analysées sont le résultat de plus de 15 ans de recherches dans l’archipel, sur deux îles en particulier, Ilha da Boa Vista et Ilha de Santiago, prenant comme point de départ les univers familiaux de ce que j’appelle des « familles dispersées ». Mes interlocuteurs sont à la fois les personnes qui sont restées sur les îles et qui vivent la dynamique migratoire sur place, ainsi que les émigrants qui reviennent sur leur terre et chez eux, périodiquement ou définitivement. C’est donc dans cet univers entre aller, partir et rester que se fondent mes réflexions.

In: Lusotopie

Résumé

Cet article présente une étude de cas des macanais euro-asiatiques – ethniquement et culturellement métissés – du point de vue de l’expérience phénoménologique résultant de leur identité ambivalente. Les questions traitées ici englobent les forces structurelles des régimes politiques coloniaux et post-coloniaux à Macao, les influences historiques sur les identités contemporaines et les expressions socioculturelles de la créolisation. On fait valoir que les macanais représentent la mémoire d’une rencontre ambivalente entre les deux extrémités de l’Eurasie (Chine et Portugal) qui depuis le XVI e s. jusqu’à nos jours n’ont jamais cessé de mesurer leurs forces. Dans le cadre d’une enquête de terrain menée auprès de la communauté macanaise au Portugal, l’approche ethnographique a aussi permis de révéler les dynamiques ambivalentes de similarité et de différence en matière de commensalité et de pratiques alimentaires exprimées par un groupe d’amis proches lors d’un dîner à Lisbonne.

In: Lusotopie

Résumé

Série télévisée portugaise diffusée en prime time sur RTP 1 courant 2013, Depois do Adeus porte à l’écran des évènements qui jusque-là ont été peu abordés dans la culture populaire. Deux trames narratives souvent traitées séparément y sont superposées : celle du retorno des portugais blancs des anciennes colonies et celle de la radicalisation du PREC. Il s’agira de montrer comment la série construit un “roman national” autour du phantasme du double pouvoir et de l’idée que les retornados ont été les acteurs de la pacification et de la reprise économique du pays.

In: Lusotopie
In: Lusotopie
Author: Lorenzo Macagno

Abstract

This paper addresses a specific aspect of the social and cultural life of the Luso-Chinese in Mozambique, whose first contingents came from the Chinese province of Guangdong in the second half of the 19th century. Most settled in the city of Beira. By the 1950s, the Chinese community was already well integrated into modern life in colonial Beira. The city was going through an unprecedented urban and architectural boom. At that time, the Luso-Chinese, who were essentially merchants, also began to stand out in the field of photography. Based on a multi-sited ethnography among the Portuguese-Chinese diaspora – and their family photo albums – this paper reflects on two inseparable aspects of late-colonial modernity: architecture and photography.

In: Lusotopie

Abstract

The history of Islam and Muslims in contemporary Portugal has unquestionably been shaped by colonial dynamics, as well as post-colonial processes. The institutional configurations of Public Islam in Portuguese society reveal this role, while also creating a hierarchy between certain projects and voices among Muslims.

This article is based on ethnographic fieldwork with the Islamic and Cultural Association of the South Bank, representing the congregation associated with a mosque of Sufi inspiration in the municipality of Almada, Noor Fatima, a charity project headed by a Muslim woman of Mozambican origin, and the Bangladesh Islamic Centre (CIB), involved in the new Praça da Mouraria project. The purpose of this article is to demonstrate, on the one hand, that this hierarchy is sustained by dominant discourses on Islam, underscoring “the rift between ‘Portuguese Muslims’ and ‘other Muslims’” and, on the other hand, the existence of marginal groups challenging such representations, thereby disclosing an interesting (dis)articulation between mobility, colonial and post-imperial dynamics, recognition policies and production of otherness.

In: Lusotopie
In: Lusotopie
Author: Ester Minga

Resumo

Este artigo discute a forma como os jornais portugueses Público e Expresso veicularam o fenómeno da recente emigração portuguesa para o Brasil. Com base nos métodos de análise crítica do discurso e análise de enquadramento, o artigo coloca em evidência, primeiramente, as representações sobre o Brasil e os emigrantes portugueses para este país. Seguidamente, demonstra como algumas dessas representações contemporâneas dialogam com algumas outras forjadas no século XIX, no momento do apogeu da emigração portuguesa para aquele território do continente americano, já após a sua independência de Portugal. Finalmente, o artigo elucida como uma certa leitura da identidade portuguesa foi mobilizada para caracterizar esses novos emigrantes.

In: Lusotopie

Abstract

By qualitatively drawing on relevant empirical and secondary data sources, the present study sought to investigate the relationship and the practice between the Ethiopian state and csos through the illustration of different relationship patterns, i.e. cooperation and/or co-optation and confrontation, between the two actors and the implications thereof for the imperative of democratization in the country. The study primarily analyzed two supplementary notions: the politico-legal changes in the governance of Ethiopian csos, between 1991 and 2018, on the one hand, and the strategies employed by cso actors to deal with such changes in the same period, on the other hand. The analysis could be further divided into two analytical time periods i.e., the first is from 1991 up to 2005 and the second is from 2005 up to 2018. In doing so, the study found out that the state-civil society relations in Ethiopia since 1991 was more complicated than implied by the liberal discourse, and reflected a continuum of accommodation and confrontation dynamics. The study concluded by arguing that the commonly held dichotomy which polarized the relation between the state and csos as a whole may have overlooked the nature of relationship between the two actors, which can range from overt and hidden tensions and active hostility to cooperation and collaboration, depending on various factors across time and space.

In: Bandung