In: African Diaspora

Abstract

This article examines the cyberactivism of Eritrean asylum seekers in Israel. It adopts the concept of digital diasporas to probe the role that the Internet plays for members of the community. Based on interviews with Eritrean asylum seekers in Israel, content analysis of Eritrean websites and other online platforms, as well as government and third-sector reports, the article discusses the potential and limitations of the Internet in promoting the struggle of members of the Eritrean diaspora against dictatorship in their homeland, and in enabling them to deal with hardships in their host country. The research reveals three main uses of the Internet by members of the community: social-cultural uses, consumption of news, and anti-government activism. These uses enable the Eritrean diaspora in Israel to create a political sphere that cannot exist outside the web, maintain the cohesiveness of the community, make informed decisions concerning their future, and preserve individual identities.

In: African Diaspora

Résumé

Quel est le point commun entre un chérif musulman (descendant du prophète Mohammed) de la confédération Aït Ba’amran des tribus du Sud-Ouest marocain et un Indigène animiste d’Amazonie brésilienne ? À la surprise de l’ethnologue, tous deux sont affiliés à une ascendance juive. Cette judaïté, conçue davantage comme une origine que comme une pratique religieuse, participe à préciser le lien au sol des générations actuelles. La mise en regard de deux cas ethnographiques permet une discussion plus large sur la multiplicité des origines en contexte migratoire dans le temps long. La judaïté des origines participe à asseoir pleinement l’inscription actuelle des populations au sein d’un espace marqué par l’histoire de la construction des Etats empires portugais et espagnols.

In: Lusotopie

Resumo

Neste artigo reflicto sobre as repercussões da “descoberta” dos Marranos em Portugal, no princípio do século XX, na questão do resgate da identidade brasileira pelos judeus do Brasil. Esta “descoberta” despertou grande interesse de especialistas da História dos Judeus, de cientistas sociais, e também da Média europeia. Mas foi igualmente alvo do interesse de pessoas que, no outro lado do Atlântico, tentavam comprovar a presença de uma população de origem judaica desde os tempos coloniais em Terra de Santa Cruz e, portanto, o seu papel fundamental para a construção da colónia que se tornaria o país Brasil.

In: Lusotopie
In: Lusotopie

Abstract

The relations between Iberia and its Sephardic diasporas have undergone innumerable reversals and revivals as Spain and Portugal experienced processes of nation-state building. These relations reached a climax with the 2015 New Nationality Laws for Sephardic Jews, that allow them to become Portuguese or Spanish citizens. Given an unexcepted worldwide interest, the governments provided different redefinitions of the criteria of the process. Initially seen as a symbolic act, the attribution of nationality to Sephardic Jews raises questions not just about culture and collective memory, but, above all, about economy, diplomacy and realpolitik in the Iberian countries as much as in the Israeli society itself.

In: Lusotopie