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Peter Afflerbach


Peter Afflerbach sets out a four-part process: (1) define literacy; (2) identify the skills and knowledge needed to acquire literacy; (3) develop a curriculum and instruction that supports students acquiring those skills and knowledge; and (4) design an assessment to measure how well the curriculum and instruction build the skills and knowledge students need. In this chapter, he suggests three factors that are critical to learning the skills and knowledge of literacy: (1) motivation, (2) self-efficacy, and (3) metacognition. He also suggests that measures of these three factors should be added to formative and summative assessments.