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The Walls between Conflict and Peace discusses how walls are not merely static entities, but are in constant flux, subject to the movement of time. Walls often begin life as a line marking a radical division, but then become an area, that is to say a border, within which function civil and political societies, national and supranational societies. Such changes occur because over time cooperation between populations produces an active quest for peace, which is therefore a peace in constant movement. These are the concepts and lines of political development analysed in the book.

The first part of the book deals with political walls and how they evolve into borders, or even disappear. The second part discusses possible and actual walls between empires, and also walls which may take shape within present-day empires. The third part analyses various ways of being of walls between and within states: Berlin, the Vatican State and Italy, Cyprus, Israel and Palestine, Belfast, Northern European Countries, Gorizia and Nova Gorica, the USA and Mexico. In addition, discussion centres on a possible new Iron Curtain between the two Mediterranean shores and new and different walls within the EU. The last part of the book looks at how walls and borders change as a result of cooperation between the communities on either side of them.

The book takes on particular relevance in the present circumstances of the proliferation of walls between empires and states and within single states, but it also analyses processes of conflict and peace which come about as a result of walls.

Contributors are: Eliezer Ben-Rafael, Sigal Ben-Rafael Galanti, Melania-Gabriela Ciot, Hastings Donnan, Anneli Ute Gabanyi, Alberto Gasparini, Maria Hadjipavlou, Max Haller, Neil Jarman, Thomas Lunden, Domenico Mogavero, Alejandro Palma, Dennis Soden.
The International Year Book and Statesmen’s Who’s Who is published in September each year. This unique single-volume reference work is a unique, authoritative and esteemed source of information on:

- All countries of the world, including territories and federal states. Detailed overviews include details on political and economic structure, listings of cabinet members, comprehensive figures, statistics, tables and text on a wide range of topics including demographics, finance, education, transport, communications, environment, industry, education and many more.
- All significant international and national organisations. It features detailed entries on the UN, its specialised and affiliated agencies, the EU and major inter-governmental organisations. It also includes overviews of a futher 500 organisations from political and humanitarian groups to environment and agriculture, international trade and law.
- Comprehensive biographical profiles of over 2,000 of the most important people in the world, including heads of state, politicians, diplomats, heads of international organisations, central bankers and many more.

The work is thoroughly revised annually. It Is an invaluable reference source for anyone interested in international affairs or international business and is used by governments, MPs, embassies, libraries and IGOS. It is the only directory that includes profiles of international organisations, states of the world and extensive biographies in one volume. Full colour flags are included along with a table detailing country memberships of international organisations and a calendar of forthcoming elections.
The International Year Book and Statesmen’s Who’s Who is also available online. The online product has regular updates, a clear interface and comprehensive search facilities and additional extensive content. Entries also include a colour national flag and are linked to clear state maps. Hypertext links provide access to full constitutions. The International Year Book and Statesmen’s Who’s Who Online includes the prestigious Who’s Who in Public International Law, providing access to the main players within international law.

Bridging the Legal Divide
In The EU and the Security-Development Nexus, Hans Merket unravels the long-standing commitment of the European Union (EU) to integrate its policies across the security-development nexus. By fine-tuning the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) – which includes the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) – with its development cooperation policies, the EU aims to end the devastating vicious cycle of insecurity and poverty in fragile states. This book undertakes a comprehensive analysis of the EU’s words and deeds that result from this engagement across its entire policy, and its institutional and legal system. This gives a complete picture of the significance, impact, limits, potential and remaining challenges of this policy commitment, and simultaneously elucidates the practical impact of Treaty reform in the area of EU external action.
Promoting Coherence through Autonomy and Coordination
In European External Action Service, Mauro Gatti provides a legal analysis of the EU’s ‘foreign ministry’. The European External Action Service (EEAS) was created to coordinate the supranational and intergovernmental areas of EU external relations, but it is unclear whether and how it may attain this objective. Through an analysis of law and practice, Gatti demonstrates that the EEAS is capable of effectively promoting coherence in EU external relations. Although working independently from EU institutions and Member States, the EEAS can coordinate their activities at an administrative level. The EEAS is thus ideally placed to bring together EU external action instruments, including diplomatic efforts, development cooperation, and security policies.
Editor: Eddy Souffrant
A Future without Borders (FWB) offers an explanation of why the recent, but by now distant, movements of the “Occupy Wall Street” activists have repeated themselves across the globe. The book demonstrates some of the processes inherent to an adapting cosmopolitanism (a call for civility, a call for Justice, a call for a collective responsibility or accountability) that is not individualistic in nature.
Until recently, the statal/national problems understood as politico-economic failures were conceived as isolated problems, failures of statal institutions that are particular to certain countries. FWB contests the Westphalian logic that explains these circumstances, as national failures and argues instead that the conditions be assessed as extensions of the global economic and ideological failures that they surely are.

Contributors are: Anton Allahar, Arnold Farr, Andrew Fiala, Pierre-André Gagnon, Bill Gay, Kurtis Hagen, Linden F. Lewis, Tracey Nicholls, Richard T. Peterson, Jorge Rodriguez, Eddy M. Souffrant, and Hilbourne A. Watson.     



Between Separating Differences and Engaging Commonalities
Since the publication of Der Derian’s seminal work On Diplomacy, diplomacy has been thought of as the mediation of estrangement between separated individuals, groups or political entities. In Paradiplomacy as a Diplomatic Broker, Manuel Duran focuses on paradiplomacy, the diplomatic practices of sub-state entities. He presents paradiplomacy as a specific site of diplomatic mediation, striking a middle ground between “realist” power play and the humanist need to connect to and engage with others. Indeed, the mediating of estrangement can be situated between both extremes of a continuum, with on the one hand absolute humanist diplomacy, aimed at rescinding all forms of separation between peoples, and on the other hand absolute power play diplomacy, maximizing these differences.
Dynamic Interplay between Foreign Policy and Jurisprudence
The State Practice of India and the Development of International Law by Bimal N. Patel provides a critical analysis of India’s state practice and development of international law. Providing insight into the historical evolution of Indian state practice from pre-1945 period through the 21st century, the work meticulously and systematically examines the interpretation and execution of international law by national legislative executive and judicial organs individually as well as collectively. The author demonstrates India’s ambitions as a rising global power and emerging role in shaping international affairs, and convincingly argues how India will continue to resist and prevent consolidation of Euro-American centric influence of international law in areas of her political, economic and culture influence.
The UN celebrated its 70th anniversary in 2015. In the Volume Reforming the UN: A Chronology by Joachim Müller an exciting story is told describing the evolution of the UN through the main change initiatives applied by each Secretary-General, characterized by political confrontations, crises of confidence and organizational constraints. Initiatives included approving the Sustainable Development Goals, strengthening peacekeeping, enlarging the Security Council, establishing mechanisms to protect human rights, improving aid efficiency, and reforming management practices. This story is completed by a Chronology of Reform Events to enhance the transparency of parallel, multi-layer reform tracks. Lessons learned highlight the main drivers of changes, the interests and constraints, and the dynamics of the reform process: valuable insight for capitalizing on future change opportunities.
Editor: Ying-jeou Ma
The Chinese (Taiwan) Yearbook of International Law and Affairs includes articles and international law materials relating to the Asia-Pacific and the Republic of China on Taiwan. This volume discusses issues pertaining to the ASEAN Community, East Asian FTAs and the South China Sea disputes. It provides a detailed account of Taiwan’s implementation of international human rights treaties and the government’s positions on the Diayutai/Senkaku Islands and high-level cross-strait negotiations.

Authors should submit their manuscripts to the Yearbook via e-mail at yearbook@nccu.edu.tw.
Results from a Cross-National Comparison
Despite growing interest in digital diplomacy, few studies to date have evaluated the extent to which foreign ministries have been able to realize its potential. Studies have also neglected to understand the manner in which diplomats define digital diplomacy and envision its practice. This article explores the digital diplomacy model employed by four foreign ministries through interviews and questionnaires with practitioners.