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The open access publication of this book has been published with the support of the Swiss National Science Foundation.

Blockchain is the first global mechanism for the transfer and storage of value. Despite being conceived as an alternative to state and law, the technology and its use cases raise many legal questions, most notably, regarding jurisdiction and applicable law with respect to transactions and assets recorded on the blockchain. The issue is complex given the decentralised nature of the network. In this volume, academics and practitioners from various countries try to provide detailed answers to these questions as they relate to stablecoins, crypto-assets, crypto derivatives, Central Bank Digital Currencies, and Decentralised Autonomous Organisations (DAOs), as well as specific transactions and issues, such as property rights and bankruptcy. With specific chapters on national approaches (Germany, Japan, Liechtenstein, Switzerland, United States), the volume explores the need and possibility for legal harmonisation of these issues through global fora, such as the Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH).
Published under the Transnational Publishers imprint.
Please note this series has been discontinued. Contemporary Issues in International Arbitration and Mediation - The Fordham Papers is an ongoing Series devoted to international arbitration and mediation, written by leading figures in the field. Based on the papers of global experts who participate in the prestigious annual Fordham Law School Conference on International Arbitration and Mediation, volumes are organized into parts corresponding to critical conference themes and focus on both practical considerations and scholarly analyses.

Each unique volume is a valuable resource for anyone involved in investor-state and international commercial arbitration and mediation, including arbitrators, mediators, advocates, scholars, government officials, international institutions, educators, and students.

The series published an average of one volume per year over the last 5 years.
In FX Law and Regulations in Korea: Problems and Prospects, Min-woo Kang offers a comprehensive and thorough discussion of the FX regulatory system in Korea, with a special focus on its chronic problems and possible remedies under the overhauled legal system. The author has provided technical analysis on each provision of the complex Korean law, which is commonly accepted as too convoluted, even for legal professionals. Fully utilising a host of legal materials as well as documents in the relevant economic theory, Min-woo Kang convincingly provides the rationale for FX regulation and a robust argument for amending the current Korean law in a significant way. This piece sheds a light on the path Korean lawmakers and regulatory authorities will take. Academics and practitioners interested in the Korean FX law will find this a good reference.
This volume offers new insight into key developments in the history of protection for patent rights during the period 1791-1883. The author presents a detailed examination of the underlying theoretical bases advanced for the protection of patents in various key European countries, and including new material focusing on the political rhetoric of protagonists and opponents of the patent system during the course of the patent abolitionist debates of the 1860s and 1870s. Finally, the book examines in detail the factors which prompted the movement towards international protection of patents, culminating in the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property of 1883.
In Investor State Arbitration In A Changing World Order, the authors examine the sustained worldwide challenges to investor state arbitration arising from across the political spectrum. These challenges have led to extensive and thoughtful proposals for reform from the international arbitration community, domestic lawmakers, and international bureaucrats. These reforms play an important role in the continuous evolution of investor state arbitration, and will enhance the quality of justice rendered.

However, the authors argue, these reforms are insufficient to resolve the domestic political challenges that investor state arbitration faces. Only political solutions that justify for broad populations the international flow of capital and the independent resolution of disputes arising therefrom can preserve the institution of investor state arbitration. Absent the more equitable distribution of the benefits associated with the international flow of capital, political support for investor state arbitration will remain tenuous, notwithstanding the significant de-escalatory benefits investor state arbitration offers.
Since the 1979 Islamic Revolution, Iran has implemented Sharia-compliant banking and finance which makes it one of the few countries that has adopted Islamic banking. The post-war liberalization and privatization of the economy and subsequent deregulation had paved the ground for emergence of private banks and financial institutions which had been subject to strict government control and ownership of banks. Further reform of the banking sector included authorization for the establishment and operations of foreign-owned banks in Iran and ratification of international treaties for the reciprocal protection and promotion of capital investments. The most recent government reform plan concerning adoption of a comprehensive banking law aims to create a single regulator for the prudential regulation and supervision of banks and financial institutions. The implementation of the aforesaid banking reform will be instrumental for achieving a sound and safe banking system and restoring investor confidence in the Iranian banking and money markets.
Enabling the victims of international crimes to obtain reparation is crucial to fighting impunity. In Universal Civil Jurisdiction – Which Way Forward? experts of public and private international law discuss one of the key challenges that victims face, namely access to justice. Civil courts in the country where the crime was committed may be biased, or otherwise unwilling or unable to hear the case. Are the courts of other countries permitted, or required, to rule on the victim’s claim? Trends at the international and the domestic level after the Naït-Liman judgment of the European Court of Human Rights offer a nuanced answer, suggesting that civil jurisdiction is not only concerned with sovereignty, but is also a tool for the governance of global problems.
In recent years, the tendency has been to settle international disputes by informal methods. Among those methods conciliation has seen a successful revival, after many years of decline, in the case of Timor Leste v. Australia while inter-State complaint proceedings under the UN-sponsored human rights treaties have unexpectedly reached their merits stage of conciliation. The present book takes stock of these developments by portraying, at the same time, the potential of the OSCE Court of Conciliation and Arbitration which still remains to be fully activated. Additionally, the contributions reach out to geographical areas in Africa and Asia. An analysis of the relevant procedural mechanisms completes the study to which 14 authors from nine different countries have contributed.

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The BRICS in the New International Legal Order on Investment: Reformers or Disruptors is written by international experts with BRICS backgrounds. The book investigates why and how the BRICS countries modernize their approach to the investment treaty regime. The chapters are organized by BRICS countries and discuss whether they can develop a common approach to investment treaties as well as what these countries will bring to the investment treaty regime in the future. The volume provides important perspectives on how the BRICS, an emerging power hub in international society, engage in the international legal order.