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Zur ethischen Selbstbestimmung des Einzelnen
Author: Lorenz Kähler
Der Einzelne ist nicht nur gegenüber anderen, sondern auch gegenüber sich selbst verpflichtet; denn es gibt ethische Gründe, die ihm aufgeben, Rücksicht auf sich selbst zu nehmen. Dazu gehört die Pflicht, sich selbst ernst zu nehmen. Zu diesem Zweck müssen Entscheidungen nicht allein die eigenen Interessen berücksichtigen, vielmehr soll in ihnen auch die eigene Person eine Rolle spielen. Mit Selbsterniedrigungen verfehlt man sich daher selbst. Führt man in dieser Weise Pflichten gegen sich selbst auf ethische Gründe zurück, so lassen sich die gegen sie gerichteten Einwände der Widersprüchlichkeit und Überforderung zurückweisen. Es wird deutlich, dass die Ethik unvollständig bliebe, wenn man das Selbstverhältnis der Einzelnen außer Acht ließe. Auswirkungen hat das auch für politische Institutionen. Diese können ebenfalls gegenüber sich selbst verpflichtet sein und sollen Bedingungen schaffen, unter denen die Einzelnen in verantwortbarer Weise mit sich umgehen können.
Philosophy as a Way of Life (PWL) is both a meta-philosophy and a methodological approach to the study of philosophy, inspired by the work of the French scholar Pierre Hadot (1922-2010). As a methodology, PWL emphasizes that all ancient philosophical works reflect pedagogical and psychagogic concerns, and argues that these features should continue to be taken into account in contemporary philosophy. It is based largely on the practice of “spiritual exercises”, intended to transform the practitioner’s way of perceiving the world, and hence her mode of being, in order to enable her to lead a freer, more happy existence. Thus, PWL views philosophy in its fullest sense as profoundly transformational.

Philosophy as a Way of Life: Texts and Studies will make available English translations of key studies on PWL and publish scholarly monographs and edited collections that consider its different aspects and implications.

Books in this series will explore PWL in antiquity, the renaissance, the early modern period, and up to the present, PWL as a methodological approach to the history of philosophy, the implications of PWL for understanding education and its history, the cross-cultural possibilities it opens up, the relationships between PWL, virtue ethics and philosophy of culture, and the different literary genres of PWL, including the way these genres impact the style and content of ancient, medieval and early modern philosophical works.
This peer-reviewed series aims at providing readers with new perspectives on international debates in the Philosophy of Education. It is geared towards fostering debates across methodological and philosophical divisions and is open to a plurality of philosophical themes related to education. These may include, for instance, contemporary debates on the aims of education, on moral, political, and environmental education, as well as themes related to educational ethics and the history of philosophy of education. Questions may be of a foundational theoretical nature, as well as more applied, concerning issues that arise in addressing problems of educational practice and their role in society. Contributions may be either in English or in German.
Editor: Dieter Sturma
Kaum ein Begriff hat so viele Erweiterungen und Umdeutungen erfahren wie der Begriff der Natur. Seit seiner Einführung in der ionischen Naturphilosophie befindet er sich in einem Prozess stetiger Revision und inhaltlicher Ausdifferenzierungen.
Die damit einhergehende Inkohärenz und Unübersichtlichkeit ist aber kein semantisches Unglück. In den verschiedenen begrifflichen Konstellationen zeichnen sich vielmehr der Ort der humanen Lebensform in der Natur und die epistemischen, ethischen und ästhetischen Einstellungen zur Natur ab. Die Beiträge thematisieren arbeitsteilig semantische, systematische und normative Aspekte menschlicher Naturverhältnisse wie Ursprung und Veränderung, die menschliche Natur, Verbindungen von Naturwissenschaft, Ethik, Technik und Ästhetik sowie bioethische, tierethische, umweltethische und klimaethische Herausforderungen.
Author: Brian Smith
The history of noncombatant immunity is well established. What is less understood is how militaries have rationalized violating this immunity. This book traces the development of how militaries have rationalized the killing of the innocent from the thirteenth century onward. In the process, this historiography shows how we have arrived at the ascendant convention that assumes militaries should not intentionally kill the innocent. Furthermore, it shows how moral arguments about the permissibility of killing the innocent are largely adaptations to material changes in how wars are fought, whether through technological innovations or changes in institutional structures.
This work contains the Latin text of an early medieval commentary on the first three books of Aristotle’s Ethics. The commentary appears here in print for the first time, supported by an introduction considering the significance of the work and the attribution of it to the Dominican author, Robert Kilwardby (c. 1215-1279).
Celano argues that the commentary represents an early phase in the reception of Aristotle’s Ethics in the thirteenth century, and that Kilwardby demonstrates a perceptive understanding of the meaning of Aristotle’s moral philosophy, showing its importance for the curriculum in the Arts Faculties of universities in the Middle Ages.
Author: Janne Mattila
Al-Fārābī and Avicenna are the two most influential authors of the classical period of Arabic philosophy, yet their ethical thought has been largely overlooked by scholars. In this book, Janne Mattila provides the first comprehensive account of the ethics of these important philosophers. The book argues that even if neither of them wrote a major ethical work, their ethical writings form a coherent ethical system, especially when understood in the context of philosophical psychology, cosmology, and metaphysics. The resulting ethical theory is, moreover, not derivative of their classical predecessors in any simple way. The book will appeal to those with interest in Arabic/Islamic philosophy, Islamic intellectual history, classical philosophy, and the history of moral philosophy.
How Frameworks of Communication, Care, Politics and Power Reveal and Conceal Equine Selves
Human-horse relationships take the central place in this edited collection examining the horse’s perspective by asking: How are human-equine relationships communicated, enacted, understood, encouraged, and restricted? The contributors apply varied disciplinary methods as they emphasize comprehending horses not solely in terms of their functional uses, but also as impactful participants in relationships, whether more—or less—equally. By exploring the “who” of horses, The Relational Horse offers a better understanding of horses’ lived experiences and interests within the worlds they share with humans, and a way forward for human-equine studies that more equitably represents the horse in those shared worlds.