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Neue Perspektiven auf Natur/Kultur
Gegenwärtig etabliert sich in den Geistes-, Kultur- und Sozialwissenschaften eine neue Denk- und Forschungsrichtung, die eine folgenreiche Blickverschiebung auf den Menschen, seine Stellung in der Welt, seine Selbstbeschreibung und seine Zentralstellung in den Wissenschaften propagiert. Bei aller Unterschiedlichkeit eint diese posthumanistischen Ansätze, dass sie eine humandezentrierende Perspektive einnehmen, etablierte dualistische Sichtweisen auf Natur und Kultur herausfordern und die Beziehungen zwischen Menschen und Nicht-Menschen neu denken. Der vorliegende Band mit theoretischen und empirischen Beiträgen u.a. aus den Themenbereichen Anthropozän, Ökologie, Robotik, Künstliche Intelligenz und Kunst sondiert das Feld posthumanistischen Denkens, erörtert den gegenwärtigen Stand der Debatte und fragt kritisch nach Voraussetzungen, Potenzialen und Grenzen.
This interdisciplinary book focuses on Charles Darwin’s extensively detailed observations of all forms of animate life across the global world—humans included. These existential realities of Nature are not commonly recognized in today’s world, yet they are all of sizable import in impacting both flora and fauna, thus in human understandings of the nature of the world and the nature of all forms of animate life. Darwin’s descriptively anchored observations furthermore tie in directly with Edmund Husserl’s phenomenological analyses of experience. However different their inquiries and wonder at the world and at human experience, their analyses show how descriptive foundations and a concern with origins are integral to both, and how methodology and a living dynamics are central to a recognition of the complementarity of biological-neurological sciences and phenomenology.
When does eating become art? The Aesthetics of Taste answers this question by exploring the position of taste in contemporary culture and the manner in which taste meanders its way into the realm of art. The argument identifies aesthetic values not only in artistic practices, where they are naturally expected, but also in the spaces of everydayness that seem far removed from the domain of fine arts. As such, it seeks to grasp what artists – who offer aesthetic as well as culinary experiences – actually try to communicate, while also pondering whether a cook can be an artist.
Why do people wage war? How can wars be won? How has warfare been an engine of change for human civilization—for better and for worse? In this book Paul Schuurman shows how some of the best Western minds between 1650 and 1900 tried to answer these questions in an epoch when European developments became a matter of global concern. In eight wide-ranging chapters he discusses the key concepts that philosophers and generals of this era developed to grasp and influence the dramatic phenomenon of war. Their concepts remain fresh and relevant down to the present day.
The Hadhrami Arabs in the Netherlands East Indies and Indonesia (1900-1950)
In In Search of Identity: The Hadhrami Arabs in the Netherlands East Indies and Indonesia (1900-1950) Huub de Jonge discusses changes in social, economic, cultural and national identity of Arabs originating from Hadhramaut (Yemen) in the Netherlands East Indies and Indonesia. Within the relatively isolated and traditionally oriented Hadhrami community, all sorts of rifts and divisions arose under the influence of segregating colonial policies, the rise of Indonesian nationalism, the Japanese occupation, and the colonial war. The internal turmoil, hardly noticed by the outside world, led to the flourishing of new ideas, orientations, loyalties and ambitions, while traditional values, customs, and beliefs were called into question.
Identität – Einheit – Würde
Diese Studie entwickelt einen umfassenden Begriff personaler Identität, der gleichermaßen theoretische wie praktische Fragestellungen betrifft. Personen werden dabei als Lebensformen verstanden, die komplexe Selbst- und Fremdverhältnisse eingehen. Im kritischen Durchgang durch klassische und neuere Theorien der Person entwickelt die Arbeit einen neuartigen Ansatz, der es erlaubt, Personen als Lebewesen zu denken, denen eine unantastbare Würde zukommt. Indem die Studie auf die personale Form unseres Lebens reflektiert, grenzt sie sich einerseits von Auffassungen ab, die unsere Identität allein in unserer biologischen Natur erblicken, und andererseits von solchen, die unsere Identität auf rein kognitive Prozesse zurückführen.
A great number of historical examples show how desperate people sought to obtain a glimpse of the future or explain certain incidents retrospectively through signs that had occurred in advance. In that sense, signs are always considered a portent of future events. In different societies, and at different times, the written or unwritten rules regarding their interpretation varied, although there was perhaps a common understanding of these processes.
This present volume collates essays from specialists in the field of prognostication in the European Middle Ages.
Contributors are Klaus Herbers, Wolfram Brandes, Zhao Lu, Rolf Scheuermann, Thomas Krümpel, Bernardo Bertholin Kerr, Gaelle Bosseman, Julia Eva Wannenmacher (†), Matthias Kaup, Vincent Gossaert, Jürgen Gebhardt, Matthias Gebauer, Richard Landes.
How Frameworks of Communication, Care, Politics and Power Reveal and Conceal Equine Selves
Human-horse relationships take the central place in this edited collection examining the horse’s perspective by asking: How are human-equine relationships communicated, enacted, understood, encouraged, and restricted? The contributors apply varied disciplinary methods as they emphasize comprehending horses not solely in terms of their functional uses, but also as impactful participants in relationships, whether more—or less—equally. By exploring the “who” of horses, The Relational Horse offers a better understanding of horses’ lived experiences and interests within the worlds they share with humans, and a way forward for human-equine studies that more equitably represents the horse in those shared worlds.
This essay presents Gould’s distinctive system for analyzing kin terminologies showing the system’s power, importance, and usefulness—and showing its relationship to other approaches and the payoffs each aims at. In revealing significant new empirical regularities and simplifications, Gould’s analytic system implies important constraints on future analytic and interpretative approaches to kin terminologies. Some of these new insights involve the demonstration of the effect of distributed collective cognitive systems over and above the effects of repeated iterations of individual cognitive constraints or pressures. It is the peculiar nature of the kinterm domain that allows these findings to be so directly shown, but the implication is that these findings apply more generally to the collective cognitive systems that make up language and culture.
Ein philosophischer Versuch
Was ist Liebe? Dieses Buch will mit analytischem Handwerkszeug die Frage nach dem Wesen der Liebe beantworten. Dabei soll weder ihre Vielgestaltigkeit aus dem Blick geraten noch soll das Phänomen mit der definitorischen Schere zurechtgestutzt werden.
In insgesamt zehn Kapiteln werden sowohl die Grenzen klassischer Versuche aufgezeigt, die Liebe zu verstehen, wie auch ein neues Modell der Liebe entwickelt. Auf der Grundlage einer allgemeinen Theorie, derzufolge nur durch Emotionen für uns etwas bedeutsam ist, wird der emotionale Charakter der Liebe in den Vordergrund gestellt. Bei dem Versuch, das spezifische emotionale Phänomen der Liebe zu bestimmen, zeigt sich: Liebe gibt es auf drei Ebenen – als Liebesanfall, als Emotionsmuster und als Meta-Emotion.