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Comparing the oldest extant literary works and theological ideas of early Christianity
What is the relationship between the earliest Gospel—Mark—and the first congregational letters of the apostle Paul? Heidrun E. Mader provides a comprehensive overview of the relationship between the Pauline epistles and the Gospel of Mark. She addresses several themes that Paul and Mark treat in similar ways and integrates them into a consistent overall picture. The following themes are addressed: the universalistic concept of the gospel; the integration of gentiles in Christ; the place of the Torah in early Christian community life; the central role of the cross. Mader shows that there are specific and exclusive similarities between Paul and Mark that go beyond commonalities with other ancient writings. However, the results do not necessarily suggest direct literary dependence. Pauline theology could also have been transmitted orally, especially if we accept the hypothesis that Mark lived in Rome, where he could have encountered Paul himself in the early 60s.
This book examines enslavement, slavery and the global slave trade through the lens of law and religion in the period c. 1500–1800, revealing the discursive and practical contexts in which relations of slavery appeared across different settings around the globe. The volume adds to current research trends in the historical disciplines by incorporating underexamined geographical areas, by drawing on conceptual work on the meaning of slavery and by supporting interdisciplinary scholarship. Approaches from cultural, intellectual, religious and legal history feature in this volume and enter into conversation. Moreover, the individual chapters move across time and space, inviting the reader to consider the spectrum of slaveries in the early modern world. One key theme throughout the volume lies in taking up the perspectives of law and religion to analyse how local cultural settings as well as semantic appropriations shaped relations of slavery.
Akademisierung und Professionalisierung weiblicher Berufe am Beispiel der Katholischen Fachhochschule Nordrhein-Westfalen 1970–1989
Von der Mütterlichkeit zur Partnerschaft, von der Berufung zum Beruf, von der Helferin zur akademischen Fachkraft – den Wandel katholischer Frauenleben von den 1960er- bis zu den 1980er-Jahren untersucht dieser Band. Wie positionieren sich katholische Frauen zwischen Kirche und gesellschaftlichen Entwicklungen? Welche Gestaltungsmacht entwickelten sie und welche Begrenzungen akzeptierten sie? Der Band analysiert erstens das weibliche Rollen- und Berufsverständnis von katholischen Frauen anhand der Zeitschrift „Die christliche Frau”, zweitens den Übergang des Berufs der Seelsorgehelferin zu dem der Gemeindeassistentin/-referentin, drittens die Praxis der theologischen Ausbildung von Frauen zu Gemeindereferentinnen sowie viertens die Erschließung des Hochschulraums der Sozialen Arbeit durch Frauen. Das Untersuchungsfeld der Studien bildet die 1971 gegründete Katholische Fachhochschule Nordrhein-Westfalen.
The Variegated Ways of Separations between Jews and Christians
The essays collected in this volume are the proceedings of an international conference held in Vienna (Austria) in September 2022 on the “parting of the ways” between Jews and Christians. They demonstrate that the beginnings of what we today call “Christianity” were fully embedded in early Judaism in the first century CE. The 18 chapters of this collection span from considerations about early Jewish identity/ies (Tiwald/Öhler, Grohmann, Magness) to Pauline theology (Tiwald, Ehrensperger, Eschner), the Sayings Source (Heil), the Gospels of Matthew (Konradt), Johnine and Biblical theology (Schreiber, Scherer, Förster), the Didache (Doering) to Ignatius of Antioch (Foster, Öhler), Origen (Siquans), and the Rabbis (Stemberger). The volume ends with systematic-theological considerations on the “parting of the ways” and perspectives of Jewish-Christian dialogue.