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From Antiquity to the Twentieth Century
This volume offers an extensive introduction to Western legal traditions from antiquity to the twentieth century. Drawing from a variety of scholarly writings, both in English and in translation, thirteen leading scholars present the current state of western legal history research and pave the way for new debates and future study. This is the ideal sourcebook for graduate students, as it enables them to approach the key questions of the field in an accessible way.

Contributors are: Aniceto Masferrer, C.H. (Remco) van Rhee, Seán P. Donlan, Stephan Dusil, Gerald Schwedler, Jean-Louis Halpérin, Jan Hallebeek, Agustín Parise, Heikki Pihlajamäki, Dirk Heirbaut, Bernd Kannowski, Adolfo Giuliani, Olivier Moréteau, and Jacques Vanderlinden.
Volume Editor:
This interdisciplinary textbook serves as a solid introduction to the future of legal education against the background of the widespread use of AI written by colleagues from different disciplines, e.g. law, philosophy/ethics, economy, and computer science, whose common interest concerns AI and its impact on legal and ethical issues. The book provides, first, a general overview of the effects of AI on major disciplines such as ethics, law, economy, political science, and healthcare. Secondly, it offers a comprehensive analysis of major key issues concerning law: (a) AI decision-making, (b) rights, status, and responsibility, (c) regulation and standardisation, and (d) education.
Rechtsethische Aufsätze zu Krieg und Frieden, Freiheit und Schuld, Leben und Tod
Author:
Grund- und damit Ewigkeitsfragen des Rechts sind der Gegenstand dieser Aufsätze. Sie öffnen weitläufige Flanken zur Philosophie, insbesondere zur Ethik und zur politischen Philosophie, aber auch zu anderen philosophischen Sphären wie der Philosophie des Geistes und der Metaphysik.
Im ersten Teil geht es um Grenzen der Rechtfertigung tödlicher Gewalt, die Staaten ausüben: in Kriegen gegeneinander, aber in Ausnahmelagen des innerstaatlichen Notstands auch gegen die eigenen Bürger.
Eine legitime Form staatlicher Gewalt ist das Strafrecht. Lässt sich sein Begriff aus archaischen Wurzeln von Rache und Vergeltung erhellen? Setzt strafrechtliche Schuld den freien Willen des Täters voraus? Darf ihn das Recht wegen besonders gravierender Verbrechen als „Feind“, statt als Bürger der Gesellschaft behandeln? Grundfragen, denen der zweite Teil nachgeht.
Der dritte Teil fragt nach den Grenzen zwischen Leben und Tod in der Medizin und nach Zuständigkeit wie Berechtigung, darüber zu entscheiden.
Author:
This book introduces readers to the legal epistemology that is advocated within Twelver Shiʿite uṣūl al-fiqh (legal theory). It critically surveys the epistemological underpinnings upheld by post-19th century Uṣūlī clerics that impel them to mainly deduce and interpret Sharia using scripture and literalist hermeneutical methods. An evaluation of these underpinnings uncovers the important juxtaposition that exists between the seminarian discourses of uṣūl al-fiqh and philosophy. The book hypothesises that uṣūl al-fiqh has both space and historical precedence to accept alternative epistemological theories that may enable orthodox Shiʿite clerics to display greater dynamism in deducing and interpreting Sharia.
Spanish Jesuits such as Francisco Suárez (1548–1617), José de Acosta (1540–1600), Pedro de Ribadeneira (1526-1611) and Juan de Mariana (1536-1624) had a powerful impact on English thinkers of the magnitude of John Locke (1632–1704), Francis Bacon (1561-1626), Robert Persons (1546-1610), Algernon Sidney (1623-1683), and, later, William Robertson (1721–1793), Thomas de Quincey (1785–1859) and Hilaire Belloc (1870–1953). An influence that was sometimes hidden and always controversial.
This work highlights the importance of this influence regarding thought on politics, law and natural rights. A constitutionalist understanding of political power, the recognition and promotion of innate rights and the necessary subjection of rulers to the law, all form part of the important legacy of these scholastic doctors for European intellectual heritage.

Contributors to this volume: Rafael Alé Ruiz, Francisco T. Baciero Ruiz, Francisco Castilla Urbano, José Luis Cendejas Bueno, Alfonso Díaz Vera, Francisco Javier Gómez Díez, Cecilia Font de Villanueva, León M. Gómez Rivas, Fermín del Pino Díaz, Leopoldo J. Prieto López, Daniel Schwartz, Lorena Velasco Guerrero, and María Idoya Zorroza Huarte.
This volume offers original research on religious freedom from around the globe. Individual chapters address the issues related to defining and understanding the concept of religious freedom and incorporate sociological thinking into interdisciplinary analysis of this topic. By interpreting legal cases, analyzing cross-national data, interviewing policy-makers, and reviewing policy-papers concerning religious freedom, the authors highlight the necessity of sociology engaging with other disciplines in this type of research. By applying theories of religious pluralism, secularity, secularization, judicialization of religion, “lived religion”, total institutions, and others, this volume contributes theoretical perspectives, sociological concepts and empirical analyses that highlight the development of religious freedom as an area of study in the social sciences.
Versuch über den Zusammenhang von Recht und Moral
Der in den modernen Gesellschaften ausgeprägte moralische Pluralismus macht es zunehmend schwieriger, das geltende Recht gegenüber allen Rechtsunterworfenen als legitim zu erweisen.
Das Buch untersucht, mit welchen Argumentationsformen die Anhänger unterschiedlicher Moralen einander von der Akzeptabilität eines bestimmten rechtlichen Rahmens überzeugen können. Dazu gehört die Verständigung auf eine Verfassung, die einen elementaren Schutz garantiert und Prozeduren für die Lösung von normativen Konflikten festlegt. Zudem wird deutlich, dass ein modernes Recht nur noch legitim sein kann, wenn es die Gefahr einer Tyrannei der Mehrheit mindert, indem es Möglichkeiten zur Regionalisierung des Rechts sowie zur Sezession bietet.
Mit der abschließenden Analyse der Toleranz als einer dem Legitimitätskonzept angepassten Tugend wird eine zentrale Anforderung an die Bürger moderner Staaten präzisiert.
Naturrecht, Moralphilosophie und Eigentumstheorie in Kants "Naturrecht Feyerabend"
In recent decades, Kant's philosophy of law has increasingly moved into the focus of moral-philosophical discussions. In this context, the "Naturrecht Feyerabend" is of particular importance. On the one hand, it is the only surviving transcription of the lectures on natural law that Kant gave twelve times between 1767 and 1788; on the other hand, it is based on his lectures in the summer semester of 1784 and thus provides important evidence of Kant's reflections during an important phase in the development of his moral philosophy. Despite this special significance, the text has received little attention in previous research. Dieter Hüning, Stefan Klingner and Gianluca Sadun Bordoni present here a volume that emphasizes this special significance. The ten contributions in the volume ask about the relationship of "Naturrecht Feyerabend" to the tradition of natural law as well as its relationship to critical moral philosophy and the late "Doctrine of Right".

Contributors are: Manfred Baum, Franz Hespe, Philipp-Al