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Humanitarian Islam is an innovative concept that has begun emerging from the traditions of Islam in Indonesia in recent years. The most important contemporary Islamic organizations in Indonesia support it. Nevertheless, it seems to be unknown beyond the Southeast Asian context, despite its global potential, aspirations and claims. Moreover, the concept has not received any academic attention so far. This volume presents reflections on the idea of Humanitarian Islam by Muslim and non-Muslim scholars from Europe and beyond.
The overarching goal of the book is to examine the relations between Lutheran majority traditions and the development of secular law in the Nordic region in the early modern period, from the 16th to the 18th century. The early modern Nordic region included the kingdoms of Denmark/Norway and Sweden – with the Finnish diocese Åbo as part of the Swedish realm. Both kingdoms were consolidated as Lutheran countries after the reformation. While this change occurred in a determined and radical way in Denmark, in Sweden the transformation was more hesitant. Due to its mixed Protestant (Lutheran/Calvinist) and Roman-Catholic heritage, case studies dealing with Germany offer interesting comparative perspectives. Integral to the project is the awareness of tensions between different religious, legal and philosophical traditions in the interface between majority/minority/equality positions, including Protestant minority movements and the Eastern-Orthodox church. The authors are experts in church history and legal history from Germany, Belgium, Denmark, Sweden, Finland, and Norway.
Zeugen der Entwicklung und Überlieferung des Septuagintatextes
Die Texte des Neuen Testaments sind mit ihren Zitaten aus dem Alten Testament ein wichtiges Zeugnis für die Textgeschichte und damit für die Textkritik des ersten Teils der christlichen Bibel. Die synoptischen Evangelien sind in diesem Kontext von besonderer Bedeutung, da die ältesten Quellen der synoptischen Überlieferung sehr nahe an der frühesten christlichen Rezeption des Alten Testaments stehen, und die redaktionelle Bearbeitung durch die Evangelisten die unterschiedlichsten Strömungen der alttestamentlichen Textgeschichte spiegeln. Daher werden in den synoptischen Evangelien unterschiedlichste rezensionelle Tendenzen und Textformen der Septuaginta ansichtig. Manche Indizien lassen sich als direkten Einfluss aus der hebräischen Überlieferung der alttestamentlichen Texte deuten. Die vorliegende Untersuchung unternimmt eine eingehende, textgeschichtlich fokussierte Revision dieses Sachverhaltes.
Es handelt sich beim vorliegenden Band um Studien zu verschiedenen theologischen und literarischen Fragestellungen des Hebräerbriefes, u.a. Absicht und Zielsetzung, Adressaten, Ekklesiologie, Bundesvorstellung, Jesus als „Mittler“, Bedeutung des Todes Jesu, Rede von Gott, Christologie, Hebräer 13, Schriftrezeption, Kirche und Israel. Der Hebräerbrief erfreut sich in der jüngeren Forschung eines lebhaften Interesses. Der Autor desselben wird zunehmend als der dritte große Theologe des Neuen Testaments neben Paulus und Johannes angesehen. Viele Detailfragen sind noch ungeklärt. Die Studien sind entstanden in den letzten 15 Jahren als Vorarbeiten zu einer Kommentierung des Hebr. Sie behandeln wichtige Fragestellungen der Auslegung des Hebr und versuchen, die Forschung einen Schritt voranzubringen.
Thomas Hobbes and the Theology of the Old Covenant in Early Modern England
Covenant theology was a popular and controversial topic in early modern England. In particular, the biblical old covenant with Moses generated tremendous theological and political debates during the years of the English Civil Wars. And yet, the disciplinary boundaries of historical theology and the history of political thought make it hard to understand why early modern preachers and philosophers wrestled over this topic with such vigour. This interdisciplinary historical theological study explains the development of the covenant theology in the major works of Thomas Hobbes and his contemporaries, including Bishop Robert Sanderson and the puritan and presbyterian circles of the Westminster Assembly.
Contemporary Philosophical Perspectives in Turkey on the Understanding and Interpretation of the Qur’an
The Turkish market of Qur’anic translations and studies is exceedingly oversaturated. Critics find some of these lacking in proper hermeneutical judgment, impelling them to reflect on the conditions of judicious Qur’anic exegesis. These reflections have remained relatively unexplored in English academic literature. In Critical Hermeneutics, Çelik explores and compares the hermeneutical philosophies of three Turkish intellectuals, namely Alpyağıl, Cündioğlu, and Öztürk. By exploring their philosophical views on subjectivity and objectivity in the context of interpreting the Qur’an, Çelik draws major implications for reading the Qur’an in new and different ways.
This study of the pioneer mission to the Zulu people differs from others in South African mission studies by offering a more nuanced understanding of the relationship between mission and church during the formatives stages in the making of an African Christian community, both in America and in British Natal. Critical scholars continue to view the Western mission enterprise as an adjunct if not a tool of colonialism or at best a clash of cultures between white mission powerbrokers and powerless black Christian acolytes. The author argues that they were partners from the beginning, and in this endeavor the Christian identities of the missionaries as well as the Zulu were changed forever.
This edition contains quaestiones 1-5 of book III of the commentary on the Sentences, by Marsilius of Inghen (†1396), the founding rector and first doctor of theology of the University of Heidelberg. These questions are devoted to the Christology, Mariology, and Trinitology, and deal with the issue of the Incarnation of Christ, with quaestiones 1-3 considering it in relation to the individual Persons of the Trinity, and quaestiones 4-5 in relation to the Blessed Virgin Mary. In all questions, Marsilius advocates the via media of sound faith, even above any school traditions.
Deconstruction, Pacifism, and Displacement
Ontologies of Violence provides a new paradigm for understanding the concept of violence through comparative interpretations of French philosopher Jacques Derrida, philosophical theologians in the Mennonite pacifist tradition, and Grace M. Jantzen’s feminist philosophy of religion. By drawing out and challenging the remarkably similar priorities shared by its three sources, and by challenging the assumption that differences necessarily lead to displacement, Ontologies of Violence provides a critical theory of violence by treating it as a diagnostic concept that implies the violation of value-laden boundaries.
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