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Politischer Mythos und historische Semantik einer spätantiken Ordnungsmetapher
Wie wurde kaiserliche Herrschaft im spätantiken Ostrom begründet? Um dies zu ergründen, lotet der vorliegende Band für den Zeitraum von etwa 457 bis 550 n. Chr. systematisch den Stellenwert republikanischer Deutungsangebote aus und ergänzt so die Forschung, die sich auf den als Sakralisierung bezeichneten Prozess der christlichen Überformung traditioneller Kommunikationsformen konzentrierte. Methodisch werden Zugänge der Historischen Semantik und der metaphorologischen Begriffsgeschichte genutzt. Das betrachtete Jahrhundert zeichnet sich durch einen Rechtfertigungsdruck dafür aus, weshalb die tradierte imperiale Monarchie die für das römische Gemeinwesen (res publica) angemessene Herrschaftsform darstelle. Die Kombination aus teils traditionellen, teils innovativen Formen von Monarchiekritik, Endzeiterwartungen und dem Umstand, dass auf ehemals römischem Boden Reiche entstanden, die von keinem Kaiser beherrscht wurden, entfaltete eine bedrohliche Begründungslast, auf die reagiert werden musste.
Ever since the early 2nd millennium BCE, Pre-Classical Anatolia has been a crossroads of languages and peoples. Indo-European peoples – Hittites, Luwians, Palaeans – and non-Indo-European ones – Hattians, but also Assyrians and Hurrians – coexisted with each other for extended periods of time during the Bronze Age, a cohabitation that left important traces in the languages they spoke and in the texts they wrote. By combining, in an interdisciplinary fashion, the complementary approaches of linguistics, history, and philology, this book offers a comprehensive, state-of-the-art study of linguistic and cultural contacts in a region that is often described as the bridge between the East and the West.
With contributions by Paola Cotticelli-Kurras, Alfredo Rizza, Maurizio Viano, and Ilya Yakubovich.
Roman Judaea, Christian origins, and Roman-Judaean-Christian relations are flourishing fields of endless fascination. Amid the flurry of new research, however, which uses ever new methods in the humanities and social sciences, basic questions about what happened and how people then understood events are easily obscured. This book argues that a simple but consistent historical method can throw new light – and challenge entrenched views – on such familiar topics as Roman provincial governance, the Jewish War, Flavian politics, Judaea after King Herod, Jewish and Christian historiography, Pharisees and Essenes, John the Baptist, the apostle Paul, and Luke-Acts.
This edition contains quaestiones 1-5 of book III of the commentary on the Sentences, by Marsilius of Inghen (†1396), the founding rector and first doctor of theology of the University of Heidelberg. These questions are devoted to the Christology, Mariology, and Trinitology, and deal with the issue of the Incarnation of Christ, with quaestiones 1-3 considering it in relation to the individual Persons of the Trinity, and quaestiones 4-5 in relation to the Blessed Virgin Mary. In all questions, Marsilius advocates the via media of sound faith, even above any school traditions.
Studies in the Representation of Physical and Mental Suffering
Volume Editors: , , and
Why is it so difficult to talk about pain? As we do today, the Greeks and Romans struggled to communicate their pain: this required a rich and subtle vocabulary which had to be developed over time. Pain Narratives traces the development of this language in literary, philosophical, and medical texts from across antiquity: poets, physicians, and philosophers contributed to an ever-growing lexicon to articulate their own and others’ feelings. The essays within this volume uncover the expanding Greco-Roman vocabulary of pain, analyse the medical discussions on pain symptoms, and explore the religious reinterpretations of pain concepts in late antiquity.
Volume Editors: and
The cryptic figure of the cinaedus recurs in both the literature and daily life of the Roman world. His afterlife – the equally cryptic catamite – appears to be well and alive as late as Victorian England. But who was the cinaedus? Should we think of a real group of individuals, or is the term but a scare name to keep at bay any form of threating otherness? This book, the first coherent collection of essays on the topic, addresses the matter and fleshes out the complexity of a debate that concerns not only Roman cinaedi but the foundations of our theoretical approach to the study of ancient sexuality.
[Ancient Architecture in Syria: The ͑Alā and Ḳaṣr Ibn Wardân]
Editor / Translator:
العلا وقصر ابن وردان من تأليف باتلر وترجمة عائشة موسى يسلط الضوء على (19) موقعًا أثريًا في المنطقة الشمالية من وسط سوريا. ويعد قصر ابن وردان تحفة عمرانية منقطعة النظير تنفرد بين جميع المواقع الأثرية في شمال سوريا بجمالها الأخَّاذ وتنوعها المذهل. وقد بدت مساقطه الأفقية وطرز عمارته ومواد بنائه مماثلة إلى حدٍ كبير لتلك المتَّبعة في تشييد الصروح الإمبراطورية التي اشتهرت في القسطنطينية خلال عهد الإمبراطور جاستينيان.
وتتباهى المنطقة بأكملها بكثرة مبانيها الأثرية التي تمثل فنونًا معماريةً متنوعةً تجسدت في نمطٍ فريدٍ اختصت به سوريا دون غيرها من البلدان؛ إذ لا يوجد في أي مكان آخر في العالم مثل هذا الغنى في أوابده الأثرية الدينية والعسكرية والسكنية والجنائزية والتي تفتح الباب واسعًا أمام كل راغبٍ في دراستها وكشف خفاياها.

The ͑Alā and Ḳaṣr Ibn Wardân, written by Butler and translated by Aisha Moussa, covers (19) ancient sites in Northern Central Syria. Ḳaṣr Ibn Wardân is the most prominent architectural masterpiece which is unmatched in beauty and diversity of style among all ancient ruins in Northern Syria. It was built on a ground plan, in a style, and of material similar to those employed in the imperial edifices of Constantinople during the reign of Justinian.
The whole area boasts its great body of buildings representing every variety of architecture, in a style which is peculiar to the country. No where else are there such abundant remains of the religious, military, domestic and funerary architecture open for study and research activities.
Essays in Honour of Chris Carey and Michael J. Edwards
Friendship (philia) is a complex and multi-faceted concept that is frequently attested in ancient Greek literature and thought. It is also an important social phenomenon and an institution that features in classical Greek social, cultural, and intellectual history. This collected volume seeks to complement the extensive modern scholarship on this topic by shedding light on complementary representations, nuances and tensions of friendship in a range of different sources, literary, epigraphic, and visual. It offers a broad overview of the contours of this important social phenomenon and helps the reader get a glimpse of its depth and richness.
A Regional Study of Inscriptions: towards a Social and Legal Framework
Can we study the social and legal practices related to families in an ancient society even in the absence of relevant literary and legal sources? In Lycia, thanks to our rich corpus of inscriptions, and the regional funerary epigraphic habit, we can. This book brings together for the first time the full range of Lycian epigraphic evidence, examines it in a systematic way, and investigates three central elements of familial life in the Hellenistic and Roman periods: marriage, children, and inheritance practices; in doing so it briefly touches on a number of prosopographical, demographic, and anthropological questions. The book makes an innovative contribution not only to the history of Lycia but also to the wider study of ancient families.
With this analysis of Sol images, Steven E. Hijmans paints a new picture of the solar cult in ancient Rome. The paucity of literary evidence led Hijmans to prioritize visual sources, and he opens this study with a thorough discussion of the theoretical and methodological issues involved. Emphasizing the danger of facile equivalencies between visual and verbal meanings, his primary focus is Roman praxis, manifest in, for instance, the strict patterning of Sol imagery. These patterns encode core concepts that Sol imagery evoked when deployed, and in those concepts we recognize the bedrock of Rome’s understandings of the sun and his cult. Case studies illustrate these concepts in action and the final chapter analyzes the historical context in which previous, now discredited views on Sol could arise.