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The Private International Law of Class Actions: A Functional Approach, by Michael Karayanni.

Self-Defence and “Unwilling or Unable” States, by Said Mahmoudi.
A frequently debated question in international law after the terrorist attacks against the United States on 11 September 2001 has been whether the right to self-defence is available for a victim state when the non-state actor responsible for the attack is located in and operates from another state, which is unwilling or unable to forestall the attack. The ICJ has established that the right to self-defence enshrined in Article 51 of the UN Charter can be invoked against non-state actors' armed attacks provided the attacks are attributable to the state hosting such actors.
The purpose of the ‘unwilling or unable’ standard is to do away with the attribution requirement. It is thus claimed that the mere fact that an armed attack is carried out by a non-state actor active in the territory of another state should entitle the victim to use of force in self-defence against that actor within the territorial state.

The present text discusses whether state practice, the jurisprudence of the courts and the doctrine of international law in the past two decades indicate any change in the scope of the right to self-defence and its application against armed attacks by non-state actors. Its conclusion is that there has not yet been any change and the ‘unwilling or unable’ standard remains as controversial as when it gained currency in the aftermath of the 9/11 events.
La protection internationale au profit des personnes vulnérables en droit international des droits de l’homme, par S. PERRAKIS, professeur émérite à l’Université Panteion.
We are currently living in a new normal. The Covid-19 pandemic has led to millions of deaths and is changing how we live, work, socialise and move through the world. But Covid-19 is one of many epidemics to have shaped human life throughout history, causing untold suffering and death and changing how we live. Their effects are seldom limited to one country or region, and how societies prevent, manage and recover from epidemics is inevitably influenced by international law. Epidemics are regulated not only by international health law but also by international human rights law, international environmental law, international trade and investment law, international transport law, international law of peace and security and international humanitarian law. Despite this, they have received limited attention in mainstream international legal scholarship. This volume provides a comprehensive examination of epidemics and international law from the perspective of general international law. Featuring thirty-one essays by researchers from around the world and from various areas of expertise, it demonstrates how epidemics shape – and are shaped by – international legal norms across varying domains of international law.

This volume is the product of collaborative work conducted between August 2020 and April 2021 as part of the Centre for Studies and Research on Epidemics and International Law.
In addition to the prestigious Collected Courses of The Hague Academy of International Law in hardback, the Curatorium of the Academy has decided to yearly publish, in English or French, certain courses from the private or public international law sessions in the form of low-cost "pocket books". These courses, given to the Academy’s students by eminent specialists, focus on topics which are of particular interest, especially from a pedagogical perspective, to students and, more generally, to all who take an interest in the principal questions of international law. With this new publication, the Academy hopes to fully fulfil its role in the diffusion and promotion of international law, by making it accessible to all.

A côté de la célèbre collection reliée des cours de l’Académie de droit international, le Curatorium de l’Académie a souhaité publier chaque année quelques cours des sessions de droit international privé et public, en anglais et en français, sous la forme de « livres de poche » et donc à un prix extrêmement réduit. Ces cours délivrés aux étudiants de l’Académie par des spécialistes éminents portent sur des sujets dont l’intérêt est particulièrement marqué, en particulier du point de vue pédagogique, pour la formation des étudiants et, de manière plus générale, pour l’information de tous ceux qui s’intéressent aux grandes questions du droit international. Avec cette nouvelle réalisation l’Académie a le souci de pleinement remplir son rôle en matière de diffusion et de promotion du droit international ainsi rendu accessible à tous.
Robert KOLB, Le droit international comme corps de droit privé et de droit public. Cours général de droit international public
Sylvain BOLLÉE, Les pouvoirs inhérents des arbitres internationaux
Dire TLADI, The Extraterritorial Use of Force Against Non-State Actors
Les obligations internationales, par P. D’ARGENT, professeur à l’Université catholique de Louvain
Malgré l’immense diversité des obligations internationales, ce cours soutient que toute obligation internationale est faite d’une combinaison de modalités extrinsèques et de modalités intrinsèques. Les modalités extrinsèques concernent les manières dont l’obligation lie son débiteur par rapport à d’autres sujets ou bénéficiaires. Les modalités intrinsèques concernent les manières dont l’obligation lie son débiteur par rapport à lui-même. En rassemblant des catégories et des notions bien établies, et en montrant en quoi leurs différentes combinaisons traversent toutes les obligations internationales, ce cours propose un outil d’analyse pour mieux en rendre compte, en en dégageant le régime général. Cet exercice a pour seule ambition d’aider les négociateurs, les juges et les praticiens à affiner leurs choix normatifs et leurs pratiques argumentatives, compte tenu des archétypes ici présentés.

Relationships Between International Criminal Law and Other Branches of International Law, by W. A. SCHABAS, Professor at Middlesex University.
After lengthy decades of relative inactivity, in recent years international criminal law has emerged to become an important branch of public international law. It has significant affinities with three other branches, international human rights law, international humanitarian law, and international refugee law. The course examines the relationships, interactions and overlaps of these different subject areas, as well as considering the place of international criminal law within general international law.
Author: Franco Ferrari
According to some commentators, forum shopping is an “evil” that must be eradicated. It has been suggested that the unification of substantive law through international conventions constitutes one way to achieve this outcome. This book shows that the drafting of uniform substantive law convention cannot prevent forum shopping. The reasons are classified into two main categories: convention-extrinsic and convention-intrinsic reasons. The former category comprises those reasons upon which uniform substantive law conventions do not have an impact at all. These reasons range from the costs of access to justice to the bias of potential adjudicators to the enforceability of judgments. The convention-intrinsic reasons, on the other hand, are reasons that relate to the nature and design of uniform substantive law conventions, and include their limited substantive and international spheres of application as well as their limited scope of application, the need to provide for reservations, etc. This book also focuses on another reason why forum shopping cannot be overcome: the impossibility of ensuring uniform applications and interpretations of the various uniform substantive law conventions.