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History of Korean Modern Retailing

Repressed Consumption and Retail Industry, Perceived Equality and Economic Growth

Jong-Hyun Yi

In History of Korean Modern Retailing Jong-Hyun Yi shows how the Korean retail industry has developed since the 1970s, focusing on the relationship among government, consumers and retail companies, especially the department store. While generally it is said that underdevelopment of the Korean retail industry in the 1970s was attributed to economic immaturity, he argues it was artificially formed by strong consumption repression by the government. He also examines how consumption repression contributed to economic growth. Such initial condition in developmental period is a crucial factor to explain other distinctions like explosive growth and remarkably short heyday of the department store afterward.

With this, Jong-Hyun Yi traces the correlation between economic growth and stratification of the consumption since the 1970s. He proves that equality or inequality of consumption is a more influential factor for economic growth than that of income.

Verguisd en vergeten (3 vols.)

Tan Malaka, de linkse beweging en de Indonesische Revolutie, 1945-1949

Series:

Harry A. Poeze

De legendarische en mysterieuze Tan Malaka verscheen, na twintig jaar verbanning en ondergrondse actie, kort na de Proclamatie van de Indonesische onafhankelijkheid op 17 augustus 1945 weer in de openbaarheid. Hij bood een radicaal alternatief voor de gematigde koers van Soekarno en Hatta, het leidersduo van de Republik Indonesia, maar hij dolf het onderspit en werd in maart 1946 gevangengezet. Pas in september 1948 kwam hij vrij. Hij richtte toen de Partai Murba op, die de plaats wilde innemen van de in de Madioen-opstand neergeslagen communistische partij. Na de Nederlandse militaire actie van december 1948 volgde hij het guerrillaverzet; in februari 1949 werd hij doodgeschoten bij een interne afrekening.
Tan Malaka's levensloop is vaak in mysterie gehuld. In dit boek wordt dit grotendeels ontrafeld, zoals ook waar en door wie hij om het leven werd gebracht. Zijn prominente rol tijdens de Indonesische Revolutie—actief en als symbool—maken het noodzakelijk uitgebreid de politieke verwikkelingen in de Republik en in de verdeelde linkse beweging te beschrijven. In vele opzichten worden over doorslaggevende gebeurtenissen in de Revolutie nieuwe gegevens en visies verschaft.
In een uitgebreide epiloog worden de lotgevallen gevolgd van Tan Malaka's geesteskind Partai Murba en van Tan Malaka's naleven, dat zich pas sinds kort aan de kenschets 'verguisd en vergeten' begint te onttrekken.

Jemma Purdey

Indonesians of Chinese descent constitute only two to three per cent of the country’s population but dominate the private business sector. Serious acts of violence against this ethnic minority occurred during Indonesia’s colonial past, and after a period relatively free of such incidents became increasingly frequent during the final years of Suharto’s New Order. In this first book-length study of anti-Chinese hostility during the collapse of Suharto’s regime, Jemma Purdey presents a close analysis of the main incidents of violence during the transitional period between 1996 and 1999, and the unprecedented process of national reflection that ensued. The mass violence that accompanied the fall of the regime in May 1998 affected not only ethnic Chinese but also indigenous or pribumi Indonesians. The author places anti-Chinese riots within this broader context, considering causes and agency as well as the way violence has been represented. While ethnicity and prejudice are central to the explanation put forward, she concludes that politics, economics and religion offer additional keys to understanding why such outbreaks occurred.

Series:

Yong Mun Cheong

This book explores a phase in the history of both Indonesia and Singapore that is little known. It is a narrative analysis of how the dynamics of the Indonesian revolution (1945-1949) overflowed into Singapore. In turn, Singapore was a base for the Indonesian nationalists, the British, the Dutch, and Chinese traders, with each group exploiting prevailing circumstances for their own interests. Indeed, the author argues that the success of Indonesia’s struggle against the Dutch was due in no small measure to the opportunities available in Singapore to advance Indonesia’s strategic aims. The Singapore connection during these years was a vital link.

Post-Soeharto Indonesia

Renewal or Chaos?

Edited by G. Forrester

Indonesia's economy has been ravaged by the Asian economic crisis. Its leader for 32 years, President Soeharto, was forced from office in May 1998 amidst rioting and student demonstrations. This book examines the political and economic trends which are shaping Indonesia's future. The contributors are leading politicians, business people, academics and international journalists with an intimate knowledge of Indonesia.
Co-published with ISEAS