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John Norton Moore

Edited by Myron H. Nordquist, Rüdiger Wolfrum and Ronán Long

Maritime security is a major challenge for the international community that cuts across a broad spectrum of scholarly disciplines and maritime operation. This volume provides in-depth analysis of current international and regional approaches to maritime security, cargo, port and supply chain security, maritime information sharing and capacity building. The work describes measures in place at multilateral and regional levels to improve information sharing and operational coordination regarding security threats to shipping, offshore installations and port facilities. Several chapters address measures aimed at reducing acts of piracy and armed robbery against shipping at sea. This edited volume contains articles by government officials, senior naval and coast guard commanders as well as by leading jurists and academics.
One unique feature of this volume is that many of the contributions are by operational commanders with first–hand experience of the practical law enforcement problems involved in minimizing disruption to legitimate trade and business. This collection will appeal to all concerned with maritime security and the protection of vital international trade by sea. The CD accompanying the volume includes important documents such as the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea as well many PowerPoint presentations from the thirty-first annual Virginia conference held in Heidelberg, Germany, May 24-26, 2007.

Terence Stewart

This book takes a look at the first two years of China’s membership in the WTO and attempts to assess the level of China’s WTO compliance achieved to date and the problems that remain ahead.

In particular, the book examines:
- China's modification to its laws and regulations, China's participation in WTO committee work, and technical assistance programs available to China from the WTO, the US and other member nations;
- How effectively the WTO’s first and second Transitional Review Mechanisms have operated;
- The US-China bilateral relationship and structures in place for discussion of US-China trade issues and major WTO compliance issues;
-The monitoring of China’s WTO compliance by the US government and private sector groups, as well as a survey of the important compliance issues that arose in the first two years of China’s WTO membership;
- The use made by the US of transitional rights outlined in China’s accession agreement, in particular, the textile and product-specific safeguards, and the non-market economy methodology used in antidumping proceedings concerning products from China.

Published under the Transnational Publishers imprint.

Benedetto Conforti

Edited by Barbara Kwiatkowska, Harm Dotinga, Merel Molenaar, Alex G. Oude Elferink and Alfred H.A. Soons

Now in its 16th year, the NILOS Documentary Yearbook provides the reader with an excellent collection of documents related to ocean affairs and the law of the sea, issued each year by organizations, organs and bodies of the United Nations system. Documents of the UN General Assembly, Meeting of States Parties to the UN Law of the Sea Convention, CLCS, ISBA, ITLOS, Follow-Up to the UN Small Island States Conference, ECOSOC, UNEP and UNCTAD are included first, followed by the documents of FAO, IAEA, ILO, IMO and UNESCO/IOC.
As in the previous volumes, documents which were issued in the course of 2000 are reproduced, while other relevant documents are listed.
The NILOS Documentary Yearbook has proved to be of invaluable assistance in facilitating access by the international community of scholars and practitioners in ocean affairs and the law of the sea to essential documentation. The entry of the 1992 UN Law of the Sea Convention into force on 16 November 1994 and of the Part XI Agreement - on 28 July 1996, as well as of the UN Fish Stocks Agreement - on 11 December 2001, coupled with the review of the UNCED Agenda 21 at the 2002 Johannesburg World Summit, make continuation of this assistance of particular significance in the years to come.
The members of the Yearbook's Advisory Board are: Judges Abdul Koroma and Shigeru Oda of the ICJ, UNDOALOS Director Mrs. Annick de Marffy, Judges Thomas Mensah, Dolliver Nelson and Tullio Treves of the ITLOS, as well as Rosalie Balkin, Edward Brown, Lee Kimball, Bernard Oxman and Shabtai Rosenne.

Terence Stewart, Amy Dwyer, Patrick McDonough, Marla Prado and Amy Karpel

This study looks at how the WTO’s existing rules, such as antidumping, antisubsidy and safeguard rules, have aided trade expansion and how certain issues, such as exchange rate disequilibrium, if left unexamined, are likely to create future trade problems and reduce trade opportunities.

Published under the Transnational Publishers imprint.

Recharacterizing Restructuring

Law, Distribution and Gender in Market Reform

Kerry Rittich

In the last decade, market-centered economic reforms have been implemented in a wide range of developing and transitional countries under the auspices of the international financial institutions. Whether or not they deliver the promised prosperity, they appear to be associated with widening economic inequality as well as disadvantage for particular social groups, among them women and workers. Recharacterizing Restructuring argues that such effects are neither temporary nor accidental. Instead, efforts to promote growth through greater efficiency inevitably engage distributive concerns. Change in the status of different groups is connected to the process of legal and institutional reform.
Part I analyzes the place of law and institutional reform in current economic restructuring policies. Through post-realist legal analysis and institutional economics, it discusses the role of background legal rules in the allocation of resources and power among different groups.
Part II traces how disadvantage might result for women in the course of economic reform, through an analysis of the World Bank's proposals for states in transition from plan to market economies. It considers such foundational issues as the place of unpaid work in economic activity, as well as the gendered nature of proposals to re-organize productive activity and the role of the state.

The State of Democracy

Democracy Assessments in Eight Nations Around the World

Edited by David Beetham, Iain Kearton, Nalini Vittal, Sarah Bracking and Stuart Weir

The State of Democracy: Democracy Assessments in Eight Nations Around the World is the robust and sensitive study of democratisation in eight very different countries at varying stages of democratisation - Bangladesh, El Salvador, Italy, Kenya, Malawi, New Zealand, Peru and South Korea. This unique comparative study first presents the findings of in-country teams of experts in the eight countries on the state of democracy in their own country; and concludes with an analysis and synthesis of their findings to suggest an overall general trajectory of the democratisation process. In doing so, the conclusions examine a variety of issues of significance to democracy, including for example the creation of electoral space, the formation of political parties, the political inclusion of minorities, mechanisms of accountability, and the reduction of corruption.
The strength of The State of Democracy lies in the common use by the eight teams of the same democracy assessment framework developed under the auspices of the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA), Stockholm. This innovative assessment framework covers every aspect of democracy: citizen rights and the rule of law, representative and accountable government, civil society and popular participation, and the international dimensions of democracy. The expert teams used the same methodology to answer the same questions: how democratic are we? In what respects have we made progress? What are the major defects of our governing arrangements from a democratic point of view? How do we stand in comparison with our past and with other comparator countries?
Thus their findings are both comprehensive and directly comparable. The State of Democracy contains summaries of each democracy assessment; presents detailed comparative data on key democratic indicators for the eight countries; and then concludes with an overall analysis. The eight studies were pilot schemes, funded and organised by International IDEA, to validate and test the democracy assessment framework, set out in the companion volume, The International IDEA Handbook on Democracy Assessment, also published by Kluwer Law International. Some studies are also being published separately in their country of origin as promotional tools for democratic reform. International IDEA is continuing to cumulate these comparative studies and analysis of democratic trends around the world, see
The State of Democracy: Democracy Assessments in Eight Nations Around the World comprises: an introduction explaining the methodology being used; summary findings in systematic form for each of the eight countries; comparative tables covering a range of democratic features in both qualitative and quantitative aspects; a conclusion drawing out the implications of the country findings for the future of democratisation generally. The book will be of value to all those interested in the progress of democracy, whether as academics, practitioners or citizens, and in finding effective ways to assess it.

Edited by Council of Europe/Conseil de l'Europe

This volume of the Yearbook of the European Convention on Human Rights, prepared by the Directorate of Human Rights of the Council of Europe, relates to 2001. Its presentation follows that of previous volumes. Part one contains
basic texts and information of a general nature; part two deals with the European Commission of Human Rights; part three with the European Court
of Human Rights; part four with the Resolutions of the Committee of Ministers; and parts five and six with the other work of the Council of Europe
in the field of human rights, the situation in the Member States, and developments within the European Communities. A bibliography and index are included.

Kirsten Young

Volume 26 in the Procedural Aspects of International Law Monograph Series
The Law and Process of the U.N. Human Rights Committee focuses attention how the Committee functions as a decision-making body and brings to light troubling flaws in the Committee’s operations that may undermine its ability to induce compliance.

Published under the auspices of the Procedural Aspects of International Law Institute (PAIL). For more information about PAIL please go to

Published under the Transnational Publishers imprint.

Edited by Laurence Boisson de Chazournes, Cesare Romano and Ruth Mackenzie

This book contains the thoughts of officials of international organizations and NGOs, member of judicial bodies, and academics on the role of international organizations and the settlement of contentious cases before international judicial bodies. The timely work will undoubtedly be of interest to practitioners and scholars who are involved in issues related to cases before international judicial bodies.

Published under the Transnational Publishers imprint.