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An International Review of Empirical Research on the Psychology of Fundamentalism is a sequel to Williamson (2020), who examined the sociohistorical emergence of fundamentalism and controversial conceptions of the movement that have dominated decades of empirical research in psychology. He concluded by calling for a critical review of this sizable literature, amassed from the early 20th century. In the present book, W. Paul Williamson and Sarah Demmrich respond by providing summaries and critical observations for 365 empirical studies, collected and organized from peer-reviewed journals. A summary of findings indicated that the largest share of statistical associations between study variables and fundamentalism was moderate in size, followed by those that were weak, and then by strong relationships, which were much less frequent. However, this observed pattern of relationships, particularly those characterized by moderate and especially strong associations, much reflected the findings from sexual bias studies. Finally, the authors offer critical considerations for sample selection, methodology, and theoretical applications in future fundamentalism research.
History and Phenomenology of a Janus-faced Emotion
Wounded pride of the hero motivated one of the primal poems, pride of the angel caused his downfall and hubris of man cost him his expulsion from earthly paradise and the sale of his soul to the devil. Different forms of pride play a central role in many myths. This book conscientiously reviews the history of these emotions, literary recreations and philosophical approaches and accounts for their relevance in the contemporary world. It offers an original phenomenology of pride, which draws on preceding historical and analytical work, and a conceptual and musical speculation on the future of posthuman pride.
How has man dealt in daily practice with the uncertainty intrinsic to the future? Prognostication in History is a peer-reviewed, international book series that investigates the concepts, techniques and practices and their development in different societies and in different periods. Its main focus is on Asia and Europe.
Prognostication in all its forms is an extremely diverse anthropological phenomenon, which so far has been understudied in the Humanities. The book series approaches the topic from a cross-cultural and multi-disciplinary perspective, aiming to both broaden specific knowledge and enhance critical reflection. Published in close cooperation with the Society for the Critical Study of Divination, it builds on the work of the International Consortium for Research in the Humanities at Erlangen University on “Fate, Freedom, and Prognostication – Strategies for Coping with the Future in East Asia and Europe”, thus providing a platform for scholars world-wide to present and connect their research on a subject of ever-growing importance for a wide variety of disciplines.
Volume 33 of Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion brings together an open section and two special sections that illuminate new vistas in the study of religious and non-religious belief. Special section 1 examines the historical roots of religious practice emerging from Greater Khurāsān – a historical ‘cross-road’ for many world religions. Special section 2 initiates a paradigm shift in study of religious and non-religious belief in relation to children, insisting upon foregrounding children’s narratives. Both special sections explore under-researched areas, underlining the significance of historical and contextual approaches. At an intrinsic level the volume interrogates the power dynamics that determine why particular voices and approaches are prioritised in the study of religious and non-religious belief, and why others remain under- or mis-heard.
Since psychology and religion share the same ground in terms of providing explanations about the human being, many religious teachings also contain psychological descriptions. Islamic civilization, which has existed in vast geographies for centuries, offers unique sources to explain human feelings, thoughts, and behaviors. Scientific Western psychology has asserted important theories and researches in understanding human beings. Today, Western psychology needs to be enriched with new perspectives to make more comprehensive explanations about people with different cultural backgrounds. Written by Sevde Düzgüner, this book is the product of an effort to discuss the human model of Islam and the human theories of psychology with a complementary approach. This book recommends methodological points that must be considered while studying both fields. It also attempts to draw a a road map for further studies by determining the areas where Islamic psychology could contribute to Western psychology.
This book brings together the theoretical and research perspectives of scholars who are looking for the right relationship between religiousness and spirituality. With this question as her basis, and backed by many years of research, Katarzyna Skrzypińska introduces the Meaning Making Beliefs-Spirituality-Religiousness (MM B-S-R) and the Threefold Nature of Spirituality (TNS) models. These points of view specify the psychological elements as well as hypothetical and researched mechanisms of spirituality, paving the way for further exploration in the field. The whole is a proposal for a new approach to the concept of the spiritual sphere as a multi-factorial, multi-level phenomenon, involved in cooperation with the cognitive system and personality – which are important in the process of searching for the meaning of life as they have behavioral consequences resulting from the attitude towards the sacred / a-sacred and life.
Le florilège de l’invocation d’après Ḫālid b. Yazīd (IIIe/IXe siècle)
Volume Editors: and
In Supplier Dieu dans l’Égypte toulounide, Mathieu Tillier and Naïm Vanthieghem provide the edition, translation and study of a booklet preserved on papyrus and dated 267/880-881. It offers a selection of some forty hadiths heard by Khālid ibn Yazīd, a minor local scholar, concerning the invocations that every pious Muslim has to use when addressing God. Composed during the reign of the famous governor Aḥmad ibn Ṭūlūn, the first autonomous ruler of Islamic Egypt, this manuscript bears exceptional testimony to the way traditional sciences were taught at the time. Not only does it open an unprecedented window on the milieu of ordinary transmitters, whose names soon fell into oblivion, but it also sheds new light on the Tulunids’ religious policy and on the islamisation of Egypt.

Dans la seconde moitié du IIIe/IXe siècle, un savant répondant au nom de Ḫālid b. Yazīd enseigna une quarantaine de hadiths sur le thème des invocations que tout pieux musulman se devait d’adresser à Dieu. Un opuscule issu de son enseignement, portant la date de 267/880–881, a survécu sur papyrus. Mathieu Tillier et Naïm Vanthieghem en proposent ici l’édition, la traduction et l’étude. Composé sous le règne du fameux gouverneur Aḥmad b. Ṭūlūn, premier souverain autonome de l’Égypte islamique, ce manuscrit offre un témoignage exceptionnel sur la manière dont les sciences traditionnelles étaient alors enseignées. Il ouvre non seulement une fenêtre inédite sur le milieu des transmetteurs ordinaires, dont les noms tombèrent rapidement dans l’oubli, mais vient aussi éclairer d’un nouveau jour la politique religieuse des Toulounides et la dynamique d’islamisation de l’Égypte.
The present volume brings together scholars from all over the world in an open section and three special sections that explore how lesser-heard and unheard voices may be studied. Special section 1, Religion in Higher Education interrogates lived experiences of religion in higher education contexts and how certain voices are marginalised and minoritised. Special section 2, Cultural Blindness in Psychology, explores how culture as a lived experience, especially in its religious dimension, is rendered invisible in psychological science. Finally, special section 3 entitled Religious Authority in Practice in Contemporary Evangelical, Charismatic, and Pentecostal Christianity outlines “evangelicalism” and introduces “authority” as a sociological concept from various theoretical perspectives.

Contributors are Kusha Anand, Amin Al-Astewani, Amarina Ashar Ariyanto, Ryan T. Cragun, Sariya Cheruvallil-Contractor, Abhijit Dasgupta, Al Dueck, Johan Eriksson, Maren Freudenber, Mathew Guest, Gagan Hartana Tupah Brama, Stephen Heap, Ralph W. Hood, Joevarian Hudiyana, Thomas Kern, Tomas Lindgren, Josefa Loebell, Nina Monowski, Jenny Morgans, Laraib Niaz, Insa Pruisken, Martin Radermacher, Asgar Halim Rajput, Victoria Redclift, Sebastian Schüler, Kundan Singh, Hannes Sonnenschein, Mohammad Soltani Renani, Louise Sundarajan, Nicole Lee-Thung Tan, Xiaoqi Tang, Thomas Teo, Amanda tho Seeth, Rachel Sing-Kiat Ting, Min-Min Tan, Nicole Wagner, Paul Weller, Chee-Khong Yap, and YueYun Aw Yong.
Das vorliegende Buch bietet einen umfassenden Beitrag zum Bestreben neuro- und kognitionswissenschaftliche Erkenntnisse in die neutestamentliche Exegese zu integrieren. Für dieses Vorhaben eignen sich veränderte Bewusstseinszustände insbesondere, da sie auf allgemein menschlichen Strukturen des Gehirns beruhen und in sehr vielen Kulturen Teil der religiösen Praxis waren und sind. Anklänge daran finden sich auch in biblischen Visionserzählungen. Die Untersuchung bietet neben einer Einführung in die Philosophie des Geistes und notwendigen naturwissenschaftlichen Grundlagen sowie einer hermeneutischen Reflexion eine breit angelegte Darstellung der antiken Erfahrungen mit veränderten Bewusstseinszuständen anhand ihrer Induktionsrituale. Die gewonnenen Erkenntnisse werden dann auf die Verklärungserzählung angewendet.


This book is a comprehensive contribution to the ongoing effort to integrate findings in cognitive science into New Testament studies. Altered states of consciousness are particularly suitable for this attempt as they are a common human property and a widespread religious practice. This study contains an introduction to the basics of philosophy of mind and cognitive studies as well as a hermeneutical reflection. The wide portrayal of ASCs in ancient religious contexts according to the type of induction rituals provides the historic context for the cognitive analysis of the Transfiguration narrative.
This book brings together the disciplines of history and psychology. It is the first study to apply attachment theory to self-narratives of the past, namely examples of life-writing (letters and proto-autobiographies) from medieval England, written in broad religious contexts. It examines whether God could appear as an adequate attachment figure in times of high mortality and often inadequate childrearing practices, and whether the emphasis on God’s proximity to believers benefited their psychological reorganisation. The main method of enquiry is discourse analysis based on the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) coding.