Hegels Wissenschaft der Logik als Paradigma moderner Subjektivität
Volume Editors: Folko Zander and Klaus Vieweg
Die Wissenschaft der Logik kann ohne Zweifel als das Hauptwerk Hegels mit epochemachender Bedeutung gelten. Die Beiträge dieses Bandes machen deutlich, dass es sich um eine moderne Logik handelt, die gegen das Märchen vom sogenannten ‚nachmetaphysischen‘ Zeitalter eine die vormalige Metaphysik aufhebende neue Metaphysik bietet und damit eine revolutionäre Zäsur in der Philosophiegeschichte darstellt. Es wird nachgewiesen, dass Hegels Logik ein sich schlüssig entfaltendes System der Bestimmungen des reinen Denkens und mit dem Verständnis des Begriffs als Freien das Paradigma moderner Subjektivität liefert – im klaren Unterschied zu den im Formalismus erstarrten Kalkülen und der toten Rechenmaschinerien analytischer Logiken.
The Science of Logic can undoubtedly be considered Hegel's major work of epoch-making significance. The contributions of this volume make it clear that it is a modern logic which, against the fairy tale of the so-called 'post-metaphysical' age, offers a new metaphysics which sublates the former metaphysics and thus represents a revolutionary break in the history of philosophy. It is demonstrated that Hegel's logic provides a coherently unfolding system of the determinations of pure thought and, with the understanding of the concept as free, the paradigm of modern subjectivity - in clear contrast to the calculi ossified in formalism and the dead calculating machinery of analytic logics.
Author: Irene Binini
This book offers a major reassessment of Peter Abelard’s modal logic and theory of modalities, presenting them as far more uniform and consistent than was until now recognized. Binini offers find new ways of connecting Abelard’s modal views with other parts of his logic, semantics, metaphysics and theology.
Further, the work also provides a comprehensive study of the logical context in which Abelard’s theories originated and developed, by presenting fresh evidence about many 11th and 12th-century sources that are still unpublished. This analysis sheds new light on the relations between Abelard and ancient authors such as Aristotle, Boethius, and Priscian, as well as between Abelard and his contemporaries, such as Anselm of Canterbury, William of Champeaux, Joscelin of Soissons, and Alberic of Paris.
Reason and Desire in the Monastic Theology of Anselm of Canterbury
Author: John Bayer
Interpretations of Anselm’s Proslogion range between the extremes of ‘rationalism’ and ‘fideism’ because of the challenge of unifying its philosophical and devotional aspects. In this book, Bayer argues that a ‘monastic interpretation’ – or an interpretation that takes seriously the intellectual significance of our existential commitments – offers a powerful compromise.

Through an extensive study of Anselm’s spiritualty, especially as it is manifested in his letters and homiletic works, coupled with a profound study of Anselm’s philosophy of language in the De grammatico and Monologion, Bayer aims to reveal the Anselmian unity of life and thought, and thereby also the harmony between faith and reason. In this way, he defends the Proslogion as a unified and probative argument.
Author: Wolfgang Lenzen
Dieses Buch bietet eine umfassende Darstellung der logischen Theorien des frühmittelalterlichen Philosophen (und Theologen) Abaelard.
Die wesentlichsten logischen Innovationen Abaelards umfassen (1) die Unterscheidung zweier verschiedener Formen der Negation, durch die das traditionelle Logische Quadrat zu einem Logischen Oktagon erweitert wird; sowie (2) die Einführung einer „relevanten“ Implikation, durch die die Paradoxien der strikten Implikation vermieden bzw. die Geltung der (zuerst von Aristoteles formulierten) Grundgesetze einer „konnexiven Logik“ gesichert werden sollen.
Series Editors: Uwe Meixner and Albert Newen
From 2020 on, Philosophiegeschichte und logische Analyse / Logical Analysis and History of Philosophy will be continued as the biannual journal History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis. The thematic and methodological aims will remain the same.
Richard Kilvington was one of the most talented Oxford Calculators. His influence on late medieval philosophy and theology remains unquestionable. He made a name for himself with his logical treatise Sophismata, which was soon followed by a series of three commentaries on Aristotle’s works and a commentary on Peter Lombard’s Sentences. Richard Kilvington on the Capacity of Created Being, Infinity, and Being Simultaneously in Rome and Paris by Monika Michałowska presents a critical edition of question 3 from Kilvington’s Quaestiones super libros Sententiarum, complete with an introduction to the edition and a guide to Kilvington’s theological concepts. Kilvington’s theological question commentary enjoyed considerable popularity and became a source of continuous inspiration for Oxonian and Parisian masters.
Eleven papers collected in the volume Philosophical Approaches to the Foundations of Logic and Mathematics address various aspects of the “roots”, basic concepts and the nature of logic and mathematics. Taken together, these papers reveal how many serious philosophical problems lie at the foundations of logic and mathematics.

The topics discussed in this volume include: transcending anti-foundationalism and two concurrent trends of "anthropological" and "practical" understanding of the foundations of mathematics, new approaches to mathematical realism, the “roots” of logic in a genetic perspective, the primacy of truth or satisfaction, and the “effectiveness” of mathematics in terms of categorical semantics.
Philosophische Überlegungen zum Verhältnis von sprachlichem und nicht-sprachlichem Verstehen
Author: Dirk Schröder
Was heißt es, etwas zu verstehen? Dieses Buch verfolgt das Ziel, einen Beitrag zu einer Theorie des Verstehens zu leisten, indem es einen Ausschnitt aus dem Bereich der Objekte und Formen des Verstehens untersucht. Die Schwerpunkte liegen dabei auf dem Verstehen einer Sprache und dem Verstehen nicht-sprachlicher Praktiken. Der Autor setzt sich mit einer Reihe von Positionen und Argumenten aus der neueren, insbesondere analytischen Philosophie der Sprache, des Geistes und der Erkenntnis auseinander, greift aber auch Gedanken aus der klassischen sowie philosophischen Hermeneutik auf. Gegen verbreitete Ansichten argumentiert er, dass Verstehen von Wissen zu unterscheiden und grundsätzlich als Fähigkeit zu erklären ist, die im Rahmen sprachlicher, aber auch sprachunabhängiger Praktiken ausgeübt werden kann. Verstehen begreift er als praktische Form der Erkenntnis, die auf sprachlichen und nicht-sprachlichen Sinn zielt.
The Use of Common Sense Reasoning in Conversation
In Enthymemes and Topoi in Dialogue, Ellen Breitholtz presents a novel and precise account of reasoning from an interactional perspective. The account draws on the concepts of enthymemes and topoi, originating in Aristotelian rhetoric and dialectic, and integrates these in a formal dialogue semantic account using TTR, a type theory with records.
Argumentation analysis and formal approaches to reasoning often focus the logical validity of arguments on inferences made in discourse from a god’s-eye perspective. In contrast, Breitholtz’s account emphasises the individual perspectives of interlocutors and the function and acceptability of their reasoning in context. This provides an analysis of interactions where interlocutors have access to different topoi and therefore make different inferences.
Concept and Judgment in Brentano's Logic Lectures is concerned with a crucial aspect of Brentano's philosophy as it was developed in his logic lectures from c. 1870 to c. 1885. The first part of the volume is an analysis of his theory of concept and judgment. The second part consists of materials, including a German edition and English translation of notes that a student took from a lecture course that Brentano gave. A short book by this student on Brentano is also translated in the materials.

The access to Brentano's philosophy is enhanced by this volume not only with regard to his logic as a theory of deductive inference, but also to his descriptive psychology, metaphysics, and philosophy of language.