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Non-Governmental Armed Forces in Southwest Asia, North Africa and beyond
In this volume, non-state armed groups are considered as independent actors instead of only on state level. Given the increasingly important role of such actors, they are considered not only as military forces; their social, cultural, and economic roles are also inspected. Furthermore, online operations are examined, since online and offline activities are increasing merging. This provides a new look at the violent structures of contemporary societies, allowing us to approach recent global developments beyond securitized and essentialist worldviews.
Islamische und christliche Perspektiven auf Theodizee und Theodizeesensibilität
Das Theodizeeproblem stellt den Gottesglauben in Frage. Wie ist dieser angesichts des Leidens in der Welt zu rechtfertigen? Jede Antwort auf diese Frage steht in der Gefahr, das Leid zu verharmlosen oder dem Einwand nicht mit Argumenten begegnen zu können. Die Arbeit widmet sich zunächst christlichen Lösungsversuchen, ehe sie diese in das Gespräch mit islamisch-theologischen Zugängen bringt. Unter Aufnahme der Kategorien der Philosophin Eleonore Stump wird aus christlicher Perspektive ein wertschätzender Zugang zum Koran entwickelt. Dieser soll verstehen helfen, wie Leiderfahrungen koranisch thematisiert werden. Zudem wird das islamische Recht als die symbolische Möglichkeit interpretiert, wie die im Theodizeeproblem angefragte Gerechtigkeit Gottes im Hier und Jetzt konkret werden kann. So nimmt die Arbeit das Gespräch über eine Frage auf, die sich Theologien unterschiedlicher Konfessionen stellt, und zeigt, wie die komparativ-theologische Forschung die Perspektive weiten kann.
This book explores how East Asian religions affect EU countries, both through Asian diaspora communities and through European conversion and exploration. East Asia (China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, and Vietnam) and the EU are two of the planet's most dynamic regions economically, politically, and culturally. East Asian diasporas have a long history in Europe and represent a growing part of the EU's population. Meanwhile, Europeans have long been attracted to and interested in East Asian religion and are increasingly converting or incorporating elements of East Asian religiosity into their own identities. For the first time ever, this book presents the state of the art of research in this area, with chapters on each of the EU's 27 countries and on themes such as migration, transnationalism, gender and sexuality. It covers East Asian Buddhism, East Asian Christianities, Daoism, Shinto, Cao Dai, martial arts, and looser forms of spirituality.
Since the rise of exegesis as a critical science, great emphasis has been placed on the role of the author in the process of the development of the biblical texts. However, with the current literary scientific developments regarding the reader’s position, the exegetical question about the role of the reader should be asked as well. When a text develops, it automatically means that its reader changes. Both the formation and reception of the Isaian text can be understood as a result of this process of changes. What new reader positions were necessary for the development of either new text in the Book of Isaiah, or of new text outside of the Isaiah book, such as the Gospel of Luke? In this edited volume, a group of international Isaiah experts discusses for the first time the various aspects of the role of the reader in the formation and reception of the book of Isaiah.
A man stands out on the scene, a free man. He puts forth a new way of relating to the God of Israel. He is the heir. He is the one who knows how to receive and communicate what has been given to him. He does so by impressing his unique trait on it. Many are fascinated by this figure. Others are scared to the point of precipitating events until the man is killed. However, precisely in his death, this figure will release his vision of God in all its strength. A vision that, from that moment in time, will never cease to attract, to scandalize, and to provoke reality. Today as yesterday. From this story, the idea of God emerges forever overturned, and with it the forms of power, freedom, and human identity. In this book, Christian theology is presented through engaging events, with the flavour of a contemporary novel. A fresh and groundbreaking Christology.
Orthodox churches in Ukraine and Russia share a common ecclesiastical tradition but differ in their views on practicing and interpreting it. To bolster their own views, different Orthodox churches emphasize different aspects of history, and ›forget‹ others, not favorable for their interpretations. These intentional memorizing also influence on the churches’ reflection of their position and role in society at large. Interpretations of ecclesiastical tradition also influence the Orthodox churches’ reactions to the other churches in Ukraine. Abroad, ecclesiastical organizations, especially ecumenical bodies are also influenced by the Ukrainian Orthodoxy, and have influence on the Ukrainian and Russian Orthodoxy, when recognizing or leaving without recognition the multiplicity of the Orthodox faith in Ukraine and Russia.
Ever since antiquity, the presence of evil has been considered incompatible with the existence of God. This apparent contradiction gave rise to the argument from evil, which turned into a formidable weapon against theism. Faced with this challenge, theists of all creeds have been proposing theodicies, or justifications of God’s ways.
This monograph is the first book-length treatment of the subject from a Platonic perspective. Its essential message is that Plato devised a noteworthy and influential theodicy comprised of several theodicean strategies, some of which remain relevant even today. Hence, Plato’s pioneering contribution to the field of theodicy deserves the attention of both philosophers and theologians.
In Ibn Taymiyya and the Attributes of God (orig. published in German, 2019), Farid Suleiman pieces together, on the basis of statements scattered unsystematically over numerous individual treatises, an overall picture of the methodological foundations of Ibn Taymiyya’s doctrine of the divine attributes. He then examines how Ibn Taymiyya applies these foundational principles as exemplified in his treatment of selected divine attributes. Throughout the book, Suleiman relates Ibn Taymiyya’s positions to the larger context of Islamic intellectual history.
The book was awarded the Dissertation Prize 2019 by the Academy for Islam in Research and Society (AIWG) and the Classical Islamic Book Prize by Gorgias Press (2020).