In the year 921/2, the Jewish leaders of Palestine and Babylonia disagreed on how to calculate the calendar. This controversy led to the celebration of Passover and other festivals, through two years, on different dates. Although the whole Jewish Near East was drawn into the controversy, it was later forgotten, until its 19th-century rediscovery in the Cairo Genizah. The faulty editions of these texts have led to much misunderstanding about the nature and aftermath of the controversy. In this book, Sacha Stern re-edits completely the texts, discovers many more, and challenges the consensus on the controversy’s history. This book sheds light on medieval Rabbanite relations, and on the processes that brought about the standardization of the calendar in medieval Jewry.
This book examines the social, institutional and cultural setting of medical practices in the medieval town of Montpellier which boasted one of the first universities of the middle ages and a famous school of medicine. Some of its most celebrated masters and their medical works have been thoroughly studied but few of them try to put these in context with a thriving urban community of merchants and craftsmen that were at the core of the city council. Their concurrent efforts will endow Montpellier of a rich health care system featuring not only the university masters but also the city’s barber-surgeons and apothecaries. Their collective fate is revealed here in an integrated picture of health and society in the middle ages.
A Study with Five Editions and Translations
C. Philipp E. Nothaft
During the later Middle Ages (twelfth to fifteenth centuries), the study of chronology, astronomy, and scriptural exegesis among Christian scholars gave rise to Latin treatises that dealt specifically with the Jewish calendar and its adaptation to Christian purposes. In Medieval Latin Christian Texts on the Jewish Calendar C. Philipp E. Nothaft offers the first assessment of this phenomenon in the form of critical editions, English translations, and in-depth studies of five key texts, which together shed fascinating new light on the avenues of intellectual exchange between medieval Jews and Christians.