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Gallipoli 1915/16

Britanniens bitterste Niederlage

Series:

Frank Jacob

Der Name Gallipoli steht bis heute für den vielleicht verheerendsten Misserfolg der britischen Militärgeschichte, zugefügt durch das Osmanische Reich. Bei Gallipoli bewährte sich der junge türkische Befehlshaber Mustafa Kemal so brillant, dass er zum Volkshelden wurde. Sein Weg an die Spitze eines erneuerten türkischen Staates nahm dort seinen Anfang.
Die britischen Planungen für Gallipoli glichen der Büchse der Pandora: Dem Osmanischen Reich sollte die Kontrolle über die strategisch wichtige Meerenge am Bosporus entrissen werden. Ein hoch gestecktes Ziel und die Selbstüberschätzung des Empire spielten einander in die Hände. Einmal in Gang gesetzt, ergaben sich immer neue Debakel aus der schlechten Vorbereitung der Operation; die Einheiten des Empires hatten dafür mit hohem Blutzoll zu büßen. Der Name Gallipoli warnt bis heute vor leichtfertigen Planungen durch nachlässige und arrogante Befehlshaber. Neben der Schilderung von Vorgeschichte und des opferreichen Schlachtverlaufs zeigt dieses Buch auch, wie die Kriegsparteien sich bis heute jeweils an Gallipoli erinnern.

Two Thousand Years in Dendi, Northern Benin

Archaeology, History and Memory

Series:

Edited by Anne Haour

In Two Thousand Years in Dendi, Northern Benin an international team examines a little-known part of the Niger River valley, West Africa, over the longue durée. This area, known as Dendi, has often been portrayed as the crossroads of major West African medieval empires but this understanding has been based on a small number of very patchy historical sources. Working from the ground up, from the archaeological sites, standing remains, oral traditions and craft industries of Dendi, Haour and her team offer the first in-depth account of the area.

Contributors are: Paul Adderley, Mardjoua Barpougouni, Victor Brunfaut, Louis Champion, Annalisa Christie, Barbara Eichhorn, Anne Filippini, Dorian Fuller, Olivier Gosselain, David Kay, Nadia Khalaf, Nestor Labiyi, Raoul Laibi, Richard Lee, Veerle Linseele, Alexandre Livingstone Smith, Carlos Magnavita, Sonja Magnavita, Didier N'Dah, Nicolas Nikis, Sam Nixon, Franck N’Po Takpara, Jean-François Pinet, Ronika Power, Caroline Robion-Brunner, Lucie Smolderen, Abubakar Sule Sani, Romuald Tchibozo, Jennifer Wexler, Wim Wouters.

Series:

Edited by Andrew Colin Gow

The Encyclopedia of Early Modern History offers 400 years of early modern history in one work. Experts from all over the world have joined in a presentation of the scholarship on the great era between the mid-15th to the mid-19th centuries. The perspective is European. That does not mean, however, that the view on the rest of the world is blocked. On the contrary: the multifaceted interrelatedness of European and other cultures is scrutinized extensively.

The Encyclopedia of Early Modern History addresses major historical questions:
- which ideas, inventions, and events changed people’s lives?
- in which ways did living conditions change?
- how do political, social, and economic developments interlock?
- which major cultural currents have begun to become apparent?
- how did historical interpretation of certain phenomena change?
The individual articles are connected to one another as in a web of red threads. The reader who follows the threads will keep coming upon new
and unexpected contexts and links.

Early Modern Media and the News in Europe

Perspectives from the Dutch Angle

Series:

Joop W. Koopmans

During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the Dutch Republic was one of the main centers of media in Europe. These media included newspapers, pamphlets, news digests, and engravings. Early Modern Media and the News in Europe brings together fifteen articles dealing with this early news industry in relation to politics and society, written by Joop W. Koopmans in recent decades. They demonstrate the important Dutch position within early modern news networks in Europe. Moreover, they address a variety of related themes, such as the supply of news during wars and disasters, the speed of early modern news reports, the layout of early newspapers and the news value of their advertisements, and censorship of books and news media.

Richelieu

Ein Leben im Dienste des Königs und Frankreichs

Klaus Malettke

Der oftmals kontrovers beurteilte Kardinal und Staatsmann Richelieu hat die Geschichte Frankreichs nachhaltig geprägt und über seinen Tod hinaus tiefe Spuren in der Geschichte Europas hinterlassen. Klaus Malettke legt nach jahrzehntelanger Forschung zu Richelieu und dessen Epoche eine neue, umfassende Biographie vor. Leben und Agieren des Menschen, Theologen und Staatsmannes behandelt der Autor in seinen positiven wie kritischen Aspekten.
Einen breiten Raum widmet der Verfasser dem außenpolitischen Handeln des „Prinzipalministers“ Richelieu in der Phase des „offenen Krieges“ von 1635 bis 1642. Malettke beleuchtet insbesondere die Vorstellungen des Staatsmanns über die Gestaltung eines umfassenden Friedens in Europa und dessen dauerhafte Bewahrung durch die Verwirklichung eines Systems kollektiver Sicherheit. Aber auch die von Richelieu und seinen Gefolgsleuten entfaltete propagandistische Öffentlichkeitsarbeit sowie sein Wirken als Mäzen weiß der Autor kenntnisreich zu schildern. Nicht weniger Aufmerksamkeit gilt Richelieus Klientelpolitik sowie seinen vielfältigen und weitgespannten Aktivitäten beim Aufbau des eigenen großen Vermögens. Dabei ist es Klaus Malettke immer wichtig zu rekonstruieren, welche Prinzipien und Kategorien damals das Handeln Richelieus und der anderen Akteure bestimmten – wie Dynastie, Konfession, Staatsinteresse, Staatsräson und Tradition.

Encyclopedia of Early Modern History, volume 5

Epistolary Novel - Geocentric Model

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Edited by Graeme Dunphy

The Encyclopedia of Early Modern History offers 400 years of early modern history in one work. Experts from all over the world have joined in a presentation of the scholarship on the great era between the mid-15th to the mid-19th centuries. The perspective is European. That does not mean, however, that the view on the rest of the world is blocked. On the contrary: the multifaceted interrelatedness of European and other cultures is scrutinized extensively.

The Encyclopedia of Early Modern History addresses major historical questions:
- which ideas, inventions, and events changed people’s lives?
- in which ways did living conditions change?
- how do political, social, and economic developments interlock?
- which major cultural currents have begun to become apparent?
- how did historical interpretation of certain phenomena change?
The individual articles are connected to one another as in a web of red threads. The reader who follows the threads will keep coming upon new
and unexpected contexts and links.

Johann Froben, Printer of Basel

A Biographical Profile and Catalogue of His Editions

Series:

Valentina Sebastiani

In Johann Froben, Printer of Basel, Valentina Sebastiani offers a comprehensive account of the life and printing production of Froben, a major representative of early modern Europe’s most refined printing traditions. Some five centuries after they first appeared in print, Sebastiani provides a bibliography of the 329 Froben editions published in Basel between 1491 and 1527 (including an analysis of some 2,500 copies held in more than twenty-five libraries worldwide), listing the paratextual and visual elements that distinguish Froben’s books as well as economic, technical, and editorial details related to their production and distribution. Sebastiani’s study sheds new light on Froben’s family and career, his involvement in the editing and publication of Erasmus’ works, and the strategies he adopted to market them successfully.

Series:

Sophie Raux

Lotteries, Art Markets, and Visual Culture examines lotteries as devices for distributing images and art objects, and constructing their value in the former Low Countries. Alongside the fairs and before specialist auction sales were established, they were an atypical but popular and large-scale form of the art trade. As part of a growing entrepreneurial sensibility based on speculation and a sense of risk, they lay behind many innovations. This study looks at their actors, networks and strategies. It considers the objects at stake, their value, and the forms of visual communication intended to boost an appetite for ownership. Ultimately, it contemplates how the lottery culture impacted notions of Fortune and Vanitas in the visual arts.

Incunabula in Transit

People and Trade

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Lotte Hellinga

Almost half a million books printed in the fifteenth century survive in collections worldwide. In Incunabula in Transit Lotte Hellinga explores how and where they were first disseminated. Propelled by the novel need to market hundreds of books, early printers formed networks with colleagues, engaged agents and traded Latin books over long distances. They adapted presentation to suit the taste of distinct readerships, local and remote. Publishing in vernacular languages required typographical innovations, as the chapter on William Caxton’s Flanders enterprise demonstrates. Eighteenth-century collectors dislodged books from institutions where they had rested since the sales drives of early printers. Erudite and entertaining, Hellinga’s evidence-based approach, linked to historical context, deepens understanding of the trade in early printed books.