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Indra Spiecker gen. Döhmann

Der Umgang des Staates mit Information ist von vielschichtigen Konzepten durchdrungen.
Behebung von Marktversagen zur Herstellung einer Marktgängigkeit von (privaten) Informationen ist nur eines der Konzepte. Gewährleistung von Transparenz zur Demokratiesicherung, Information als Entscheidungsgrundlage staatlichen und privaten Handelns, als Instrument der Steuerung oder auch die Herausbildung einer Infrastrukturordnung sind andere Funktionen und Ziele, die staatliche Vorgaben bedienen. Der Staat tritt dabei in verschiedensten Rollen auf und agiert auf der Basis unterschiedlicher Informationskonzepte. Diese Vielfalt offenzulegen und zu systematisieren, kann dazu beitragen, scheinbare Widersprüche aufzudecken und den Umgang mit privaten, öffentlichen, personenbezogenen und sachlichen Informationen besser auszugestalten: z.B. die brennenden Konflikte im Zeitalter von Digitalisierung und Internet zwischen wirtschaftlicher Nutzung von Daten einerseits und den Schutzrechten Privater andererseits.

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Georg Lienbacher

Die Beziehungen des Staates zu seinen politischen Parteien sind komplex und ambivalent.
Staat und politische Parteien bedingen einander. Sie sind einerseits Voraussetzung für die Existenz und die Funktion des jeweils anderen. Andererseits haben sie auch das Potential, die Funktionstüchtigkeit des Staates gemessen an den verfassungsrechtlich vorgesehenen Einrichtungen und Verfahren zu gefährden. Vielfach überlagern sie diese und degradieren verfassungsrechtlich vorgesehene Organe zu Vollstreckern von Entscheidungen, die inhaltlich auf parteipolitischer Ebene getroffen wurden. Am Beispiel Österreichs werden sowohl die gegenseitige Bedingtheit als auch die Spannungsverhältnisse zwischen verfassungsrechtlichen Einrichtungen und deren parteipolitischen Überlagerungen aufgezeigt. Von den unterschiedlichen wissenschaftlichen Betrachtungsweisen wird der juristischen der Vorzug gegeben, wenngleich andere nicht zur Gänze ausgeblendet bleiben. Darüber hinaus werden Überlegungen zur Beseitigung bzw. Begrenzung der aufgezeigten Disfunktionalitäten angestellt.

Edited by Dikaia Chatziefstathiou and Andrea Kathryn Talentino

Capitalism, Alienation and Critique

Studies in Economy and Dialectics (Dialectics, Deontology and Democracy, Vol. I)

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Asger Sørensen

Edited by Lisbet Rosenfeldt Svanøe

In Capitalism, Alienation and Critique Asger Sørensen offers a wide-ranging argument for the classical Critical Theory of the Frankfurt School, thus endorsing the dialectical approach of the original founders (Horkheimer, Adorno, Marcuse) and criticizing suggested revisions of later generations (Habermas, Honneth). Being situated within the horizon of the late 20th century Cultural Marxism, the main issue is the critique of capitalism, emphasizing experiences of injustice, ideology and alienation, and in particular exploring two fundamental subject matters within this horizon, namely economy and dialectics. Apart from in-depth discussions of classical political economy and Hegelian dialectics, the explorative and inclusive argument also takes issues with Émile Durkheim’s theory of value, the general economy of Georges Bataille and the dialectics of Mao Zedong.

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Edited by Dagmar Vandebosch and Theo D'haen

Goethe in 1827 famously claimed that national literatures did not mean very much anymore, and that the epoch of world literature was at hand. Since the turn of the twenty-first century, in the so-called "transnational turn" in literary studies, interest in world literature, and in how texts move beyond national or linguistic boundaries, has peaked. The authors of the 18 articles making up Literary Transnationalism(s) reflect on how literary texts move between cultures via translation, adaptation, and intertextual referencing, thus entering the field of world literature. The texts and subjects treated range from Caribbean, American, and Latin American literature to European migrant literatures, from the uses of pseudo-translations to the organizing principles of world histories of literature, from the dissemination of knowledge in the middle ages to circulation of literary journals and series in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
Contributors include, amongst others, Jean Bessière, Johan Callens, Reindert Dhondt, César Domínguez, Erica Durante, Ottmar Ette, Kathleen Gyssels, Reine Meylaerts, and Djelal Kadir. Authors discussed comprise, amongst others, Carlos Fuentes, Ernest Hemingway, Edouard Glissant.

Two Thousand Years in Dendi, Northern Benin

Archaeology, History and Memory

Series:

Edited by Anne Haour

In Two Thousand Years in Dendi, Northern Benin an international team examines a little-known part of the Niger River valley, West Africa, over the longue durée. This area, known as Dendi, has often been portrayed as the crossroads of major West African medieval empires but this understanding has been based on a small number of very patchy historical sources. Working from the ground up, from the archaeological sites, standing remains, oral traditions and craft industries of Dendi, Haour and her team offer the first in-depth account of the area.

Contributors are: Paul Adderley, Mardjoua Barpougouni, Victor Brunfaut, Louis Champion, Annalisa Christie, Barbara Eichhorn, Anne Filippini, Dorian Fuller, Olivier Gosselain, David Kay, Nadia Khalaf, Nestor Labiyi, Raoul Laibi, Richard Lee, Veerle Linseele, Alexandre Livingstone Smith, Carlos Magnavita, Sonja Magnavita, Didier N'Dah, Nicolas Nikis, Sam Nixon, Franck N’Po Takpara, Jean-François Pinet, Ronika Power, Caroline Robion-Brunner, Lucie Smolderen, Abubakar Sule Sani, Romuald Tchibozo, Jennifer Wexler, Wim Wouters.

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Edited by Oliver Scharbrodt, Samim Akgönül, Ahmet Alibašić, Jørgen S. Nielsen and Egdunas Racius

From Volume 7 onwards, new format with a more current and topical focus on a country level.

The Yearbook of Muslims in Europe is an essential resource for analysis of Europe's dynamic Muslim populations. Featuring up-to-date research from forty-three European countries, this comprehensive reference work summarizes significant activities, trends, and developments.

Each new volume reports on the most current information available from surveyed countries, offering an annual overview of statistical and demographic data, topical issues of public debate, shifting transnational networks, change to domestic and legal policies, and major activities in Muslim organisations and institutions. Supplementary data is gathered from a variety of sources and evaluated according to its reliability.

In addition to offering a relevant framework for original research, the Yearbook of Muslims in Europe provides an invaluable source of reference for government and NGO officials, journalists, policy-makers, and related research institutions.

Edited by Dongping Yang

This collection of articles selected from Blue Book of Chinese Education 2015 published in Chinese reviews the condition of China’s education development in 2014. The wide range of topics covered in this volume fall under two major themes: reform and equity. Chapters on reform focus on the college entrance exam (“ Gaokao”), secondary vocational education, senior high school education, provincially and locally-funded colleges, private universities and junior high school admissions policies. Chapters in the second half of the book provide readers with an in-depth account of efforts made to improve equity in special and early childhood education, study-abroad preparation classes, and rural education. The appendix includes a report of budgetary expenditure on education and chronology of major events.

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Edited by Jennifer Dilworth

The International Year Book and Statesmen’s Who’s Who is an invaluable reference source for anyone interested in international affairs or international business. Established as an authoritative reference source on people, organisations and countries worldwide for over 60 years – and used by governments, MPs, embassies, and IGOs – The International Year Book and Statesmen’s Who’s Who is the only directory that includes international organisations, states of the world, and an extensive number of biographies in one volume.

The International Year Book and Statesmen’s Who’s Who is available in print and online. Purchasers of the print edition have access to the online version at no extra charge.

International Organisations: covers the main international and national organizations world-wide. It features detailed entries on the UN, its specialised and affiliated agencies, the EU and major inter-governmental organisations. The International Year Book and Statesmen's Who's Who also includes overviews of a further 500 international and national organisations, from political and humanitarian groups, through environment and agriculture to international trade, commerce, human rights and law. The preliminary section also includes an easy to use guide to country membership of major international organisations.

Biographies: includes over 2,000 profiles including heads of state, politicians, diplomats and bankers.

The States of the World: this section provides statistics, tables and other information on over 380 countries, provinces, state dependencies and territories – their cabinet members, political and economic structure and news, demographics, industries, communications, transport, media, health, education and legal systems, environment, religions and public holidays. Also included are individual entries for each of the US states, Canadian provinces, Indian states, Australian states and territories, South African provinces, and German federal states. The States of the World section features contact details for government ministries, embassies, courts, central banks, utilities, and transport and media organisations, and offers over 12,000 useful internet addresses. National and state flags are included in full colour.

Series:

Naomi S.S. Jacobs

In Delicious Prose: Reading the Tale of Tobit with Food and Drink, Naomi S.S. Jacobs explores how the numerous references to food, drink, and their consumption within The Book of Tobit help tell its story, promote righteous deeds and encourage resistance against a hostile dominant culture. Jacobs’ commentary includes up-to-date analyses of issues of translation, text-criticism, source criticism, redaction criticism, and issues of class and gender. Jacobs situates Tobit within a wide range of ancient writings sacred to Jews and Christians as well as writings and customs from the Ancient Near East, Ugarit, Greece, Rome, including a treasure trove of information about ancient foodways and medicine.