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Protestants, Jesuits, and British Literature in Poland–Lithuania, 1567–1775
An in-depth look at British–Polish literary pre-Enlightenment contacts, The Call of Albion explores how the reverberations of British religious upheavals in distant Poland–Lithuania surprisingly served to strengthen the impact of English, Scottish, and Welsh works on Polish literature. The book argues that Jesuits played a key role in that process. The book provides an insightful account of how the transmission, translation, and recontextualization of key publications by British Protestants and Catholics served Calvinist and Jesuit agendas, while occasionally bypassing barriers between confessionally defined textual communities and inspiring Polish–Lithuanian political thought, as well as literary tastes.
What was life like in the territories annexed by Russia in the 19th century? What were the views and attitudes of the Poles living in lands belonging to the Russian Empire? How did people arrange their lives when they did not take up revolutionary action and foreswore an open struggle with the Tsarist regime? Could one be a Polish patriot without fighting gun in hand for independence? The Russians believed that Poles were genetically preordained to be anti-Russian. Even in the west of Europe this charge of morbid Russophobia was taken to be the rule. It seems that this was one of the greatest falsehoods that Russian imperial propaganda managed to implement in the West. Leszek Zasztowt unfolds in this fascinating biography a much more complex reality through the life story of the medical scientist, academic and political activist Józef Mianowski (1804-1879), a man who served Russia and loved Poland.
Focusing on the career of the Soviet historian M.N. Pokrovskii, the author examines the evolution of historical writing in the first decade of Soviet rule. As Deputy People’s Commissar for Education, Pokrovskii was among those who established the academic institutions of the new regime. The study of Pokrovskii’s writings and the political context in which they were conceived helps explain the origin of interpretations of modern Russian history current in Soviet times. The book can for that reason be regarded as a preliminary to the study of the Russian revolutionary era, and a key to the critical evaluation of the historical sources for the period.
Persons and Personalities as Agents of Modernization in the Ottoman and Post-Ottoman Space
The volume offers a new perspective towards the transformation of Southeast Europe through the lens of persons and personalities as agents of modernization. Exploring the experience of modernity through the lens of the personal allows for approaching transformation as a result of a specific conjuncture of ideas, influences, and beliefs. The book chapters address topics as diverse as political and institutional development, social and cultural transformations, economic and legal changes, and technological innovations in the Ottoman and Post-Ottoman Balkans. By doing so, the collection approaches the advent of modernity in Southeast Europe from various and even contrasting standpoints, highlighting the multiplicity of actors as well as the entanglement and interconnectedness of topics, arenas and scales of the modernization process.