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Geheime Dokumente aus den Kanzleien der europäischen Großmächte
Volume Editor:
Die vorliegende Edition ist eine umfangreiche Dokumentation der Politik der europäischen Großmächte gegenüber dem Osmanischen Reich zwischen den zwei großen Krisen des Krimkriegs 1853/56 und der Orientkrise 1875/78. Diese beiden Krisen sind in der internationalen Forschung überaus intensiv behandelt worden; die dazwischenliegenden 20 Jahre wurden dagegen nur punktuell und nie in großem Zusammenhang dokumentiert oder interpretiert. Die Edition ermöglicht es, diese Lücke zu schließen, oder zumindest eine breite Grundlage dafür bereitzustellen.
This volume offers original research focusing on the history of prostitution in Europe, and specifically, Central and East-Central Europe. While most existing literature on the topic comes in the form of monographs focusing on a specific country, this edited collection has a broader geographical scope. The papers approach the subject of prostitution from a broad range of perspectives and therefore offer an overview of the multiple sources and methodological approaches in the field of the history of prostitution. The edited collection contains three articles on prostitution in socialist countries in Eastern Europe. These articles are among the first to explore prostitution under socialism.
The publication of this outstanding book marks the beginning of the Brill book series Roma History and Culture. The core of the present volume is an until now unpublished manuscript by Shakir Pashov (1898-1981), a Bulgarian Roma activist whose name continues to be surrounded by rumours and myths. The volume includes the original manuscript of Shakir Pashov on the history of the Gypsies in Europe, followed by archival documents highlighting his life and work, and the text of the first booklet devoted to him, which was the first attempt to create a Roma historical narrative. There is also included an extended biography of Shakir Pashov as known by now. The book contributes to identifying and highlighting the numerous inputs Roma have had to shape their activism and popularise their historical knowledge. Pashov's manuscript is a prominent example of these efforts.
Nationale Selbstbestimmung oder geopolitisches Machtspiel?
Series:  FOKUS, Volume: 7
Volume Editors: and
Die Volksabstimmung 1921 über die staatliche Zugehörigkeit Oberschlesiens bildete den Höhepunkt, aber nicht Abschluss eines jahrelang mit Waffen und Mitteln der Propaganda geführten Kampfs um die Gunst der Oberschlesier, der auch geopolitische Interessenlagen der Alliierten mit einschloss. Vorausgegangen war der Zusammenbruch der alten Ordnung in Europa infolge des Ersten Weltkriegs. Auf den Trümmern der multinationalen Imperien begannen neue, auf nationalen Ideen basierende Staaten zu entstehen. Dort, wo die Bevölkerung ethnisch heterogen zusammengesetzt war, kam es jedoch zu regionalen Konflikten um Land, staatliche Zugehörigkeit und nationale Identität. So auch in Oberschlesien. Die in weiten Teilen national indifferente Bevölkerung musste sich nun zwischen Deutschland und Polen entscheiden.
From the late eighteenth century, more and more men and women wished to marry their cousins or in-laws. This aim was primarily linked to changes in marriage concepts, which were increasingly based on familiarity. Wealthy as well as economically precarious households counted on related marriage partners. Such unions, however, faced centuries-old marriage impediments. Bridal couples had to apply for a papal dispensation. This meant a hurdled, lengthy and also expensive procedure.

This book shows that applicants in four dioceses – Brixen, Chur, Salzburg and Trent – took very different paths through the thicket of bureaucracy to achieve their goal. How did they argue their marriage projects? How did they succeed and why did so many fail? Tenacity often proved decisive in the end.